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Elizabeth Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell, a British and American physician, challenged societal norms and paved the way for women in medicine. Despite facing immense opposition, she became the first woman to attend medical school in the United States in 1847. Blackwell’s determination led her to co-found the New York Infirmary for Women and Children and establish the London School of Medicine for Women, making her a pioneer for future generations of women in medicine.

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United StatesActivistDoctor

Ann Preston

Ann Preston (1813-1872) was the first woman dean of a medical school, the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania, and a trailblazer in the field of medicine. Despite facing numerous challenges and prejudices, Preston dedicated her life to education and equality for women, leaving a lasting impact on the medical profession.

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United StatesArcherDoctor

Virginia Apgar

Virginia Apgar, an American physician and medical researcher, invented the Apgar score in 1952 to assess the health of newborns immediately after birth. Her revolutionary invention greatly reduced infant mortality rates and revolutionized neonatal care. Despite facing challenges, Apgar pursued a career in medicine and became a leader in the fields of anesthesiology and teratology. Her dedication to her profession and patients earned her numerous honors and awards, recognizing her exceptional contributions to the field of medicine.

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Alice Hamilton

Alice Hamilton (1869-1970) was an American physician and pioneer in industrial toxicology. Her dedication to improving workers’ lives and groundbreaking research on occupational illnesses made her a pivotal figure in public health and workers’ rights. Her contributions led to significant improvements in safety regulations and working conditions, laying the foundation for the modern field of industrial toxicology.

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United StatesActivistDoctor

Susan La Flesche Picotte

Susan La Flesche Picotte (1865-1915) was a Native American medical doctor and reformer who became the first Indigenous woman to earn a medical degree. She dedicated her life to improving public health and advocating for the rights of Native Americans. Picotte established the first hospital on the Omaha Reservation and played a pivotal role in advancing the rights and well-being of Native American communities.

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United StatesDoctorEducator

Annie Lowrie Alexander

Annie Lowrie Alexander was an American physician and educator. She was the first licensed female physician in the Southern United States. Overcoming societal challenges, she pursued a career in medicine and made significant contributions to the field. Her dedication and hard work paved the way for future generations of female physicians.

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United StatesDoctor

Isabel Cobb

Isabel “Belle” Cobb, the first woman physician in Indian Territory, left a lasting impact on the healthcare system and women’s history. Born in Tennessee in 1858, Cobb’s passion for medicine was sparked by her mother’s complicated childbirth. She pursued an exceptional education, becoming a respected physician in her community. Despite retiring in 1930 due to health issues, Cobb’s legacy as a trailblazer and compassionate caregiver lives on.

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United StatesDoctor

Lilian Welsh

Lilian Welsh (1858-1938) was an American physician, educator, suffragist, and advocate for women’s health. Her dedication and passion for advancing women’s rights and promoting women’s health had a profound impact on society. Welsh’s tireless efforts in advocating for suffrage and her contributions to medical education continue to inspire future generations of women.

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United StatesDoctorMilitary

Margaret D. Craighill

Margaret Dorothea Craighill, born in 1898 in Southport, North Carolina, came from a military family and followed in their footsteps to pursue a remarkable career in medicine. She obtained degrees in physiology and medicine, worked in medical institutions, and made significant contributions during World War II as the first woman commissioned officer in the United States Army Medical Corps. Her dedication and expertise left a lasting impact on the medical field and paved the way for future generations of women in medicine.

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United StatesDoctorSurgeon

Emeline Horton Cleveland

Emeline Horton Cleveland was an American physician who broke barriers and made significant contributions to medicine, particularly in the fields of abdominal and gynecological surgery. She was one of the first women in the United States to perform major surgeries in these areas, paving the way for future generations of women in medicine. Despite battling tuberculosis, she continued to care for her patients until her untimely death. Emeline’s legacy as a trailblazer and her lasting impact on the medical profession make her an inspiration to women everywhere.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Claudia L. Thomas

Claudia L. Thomas, the first African-American female orthopedic surgeon in the United States, was born and raised in Brooklyn and Queens, New York. Inspired by her childhood pediatrician, Claudia pursued a career in medicine and overcame discrimination and hardships to achieve groundbreaking success. She has also been an advocate for increasing minority representation in medical school and combatting racial bias in healthcare.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Myra Adele Logan

Myra Adele Logan (1908-1977) was an extraordinary pioneer in the medical field, breaking barriers as the first African American female physician. She performed the first successful open-heart surgery by an African American woman and made significant contributions to children’s heart surgery and the development of antibiotic Aureomycin. Despite the challenges of the pre-Civil Rights era, Logan’s legacy continues to inspire and she actively fought for equality and justice through her involvement in various organizations.

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United StatesDoctorSurgeon

Rosalie Slaughter Morton

Rosalie Slaughter Morton was an American physician, surgeon, and author. She became the first woman appointed as Attending Surgeon at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in 1916 and the first chairperson of the American Women’s Hospitals Service the following year. Morton faced various challenges throughout her life but persisted in her pursuit of a medical career. Her work during the First World War, advocacy for public health education, and pioneering contributions in the field of medicine continue to inspire and shape the field today.

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Gisella Perl

Gisella Perl, a Hungarian Jewish gynecologist, faced unimaginable challenges during the Holocaust, working as an inmate gynecologist in Auschwitz. Despite limited resources, she performed countless abortions to save pregnant women from further suffering. After the war, Perl settled in New York City, where she became a renowned specialist in infertility treatment. Her memoir, “I Was a Doctor in Auschwitz,” provided a personal account of the atrocities witnessed and the resilience of survivors. Perl’s unwavering commitment to helping others serves as an enduring inspiration.

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United StatesDoctor

Jane Elizabeth Hodgson

Jane Elizabeth Hodgson was an American obstetrician and gynecologist who dedicated her life to providing reproductive health care to women. Her passion for women’s health and the fight for women’s rights would shape her illustrious career. Inspired by the healthcare disparities she witnessed during her travels, Hodgson recognized the urgent need for comprehensive reproductive health care, including safe abortion services. She opened her own clinic in St. Paul, Minnesota, and became a trailblazer in the field, advocating for women’s rights and challenging unconstitutional abortion regulations. Despite legal battles, Hodgson remained optimistic about the future of reproductive rights.

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United StatesArcherEducator

Vijaya Melnick

Vijaya Lakshmi Melnick, born in 1937 in Calicut, Kerala, India, made significant contributions in biological and environmental sciences and immunology. Her career spanned prestigious academic institutions and organizations, leaving a lasting impact on the scientific community. Melnick was also an advocate for women’s rights, addressing the issue of violence against women on multiple platforms. Her passion, dedication, and accomplishments serve as an inspiration for future generations.

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Sofie Herzog

Sofie Herzog, also known as Dalia, Delia, or Deligath, was a trailblazing Texas physician and the first woman to work as the head surgeon in the American rail industry. Born in Vienna, Austria, Sofie came from a family of doctors and made significant contributions to medicine in Texas, including developing her unique method to remove bullets from gunshot wounds. Her dedication and groundbreaking techniques have left an indelible mark on Texas history.

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United StatesDoctorSurgeon

Emily Barringer

Emily Dunning Barringer was a trailblazing figure in the field of medicine and a prominent advocate for women’s rights. She was the world’s first female ambulance surgeon and the first woman to secure a surgical residency. Her determination and trailblazing spirit paved the way for generations of women in the medical profession, breaking down barriers and changing the landscape of medicine.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Dorothy Lavinia Brown

Dorothy Lavinia Brown, also known as “Dr. D.”, was an African-American surgeon, legislator, and teacher. She broke many barriers as the first female surgeon of African-American ancestry from the Southeastern United States.

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United StatesDoctorEducator

Mary J. Safford

Mary Jane Safford-Blake was a nurse, physician, educator, and humanitarian who made significant contributions to the field of medicine and women’s rights. Her dedication to serving others was evident during her time as a relief worker during the Civil War, where she gained the nickname “Cairo Angel.” Safford’s impact extended beyond her medical practice, as she also advocated for women’s rights and improved educational opportunities for women and girls. Her innovative vision for cooperative housekeeping aimed to alleviate the burden of housekeeping for women. Mary Jane Safford’s work challenged societal norms and left an indelible mark on history.

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Mary Jones

Mary Amanda Dixon Jones was a pioneering American physician and surgeon in obstetrics and gynecology. She performed the first total hysterectomy in the United States to treat a uterine muscle tumor. Despite facing media scrutiny and legal battles resulting from an investigative expose, she was acquitted of charges and later focused her career on researching tissue pathology in gynecological conditions. Mary’s remarkable achievements in the male-dominated medical field broke barriers and left a lasting impact on the field of medicine.

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United StatesDoctorSurgeon

Ruth Jackson

Ruth Jackson (1902-1994) overcame obstacles and societal barriers to become the first female board-certified orthopedic surgeon in the United States. Her determination and groundbreaking advancements in the field of orthopedic surgery paved the way for future generations of women in medicine.

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United StatesActivistDoctor

Mabel Seagrave

Mabel Alexandria Seagrave, an American medical doctor, made significant contributions during World War I. Despite facing gender barriers, she graduated from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and became a respected figure in the medical community. Her true impact on society became apparent when she joined the national effort to aid those affected by the war and provided critical medical care in France. Her dedication and selflessness earned her the admiration and gratitude of the French people, leading to the award of the silver Médaille d’honneur.

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United StatesArcherBiologist

Marlene Zuk

Marlene Zuk, an American evolutionary biologist and behavioral ecologist, has made significant contributions to our understanding of evolutionary biology. Her groundbreaking research on sexual selection and parasites has shed light on the intricate relationships between organisms and their environments. Not only has Zuk’s work had a profound impact on the field, but she has also been an advocate for gender equality in science, challenging the notion that women are underrepresented due to innate preferences. Her dedication to scientific integrity and her commitment to advancing the role of women in science have cemented her place as a prominent figure in evolutionary biology.

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United StatesChemistInventor

Patsy O’Connell Sherman

Patsy O’Connell Sherman was an American chemist and co-inventor of Scotchgard, a stain repellent and water repellent product. She defied societal expectations and pursued a scientific career after an aptitude test suggested she become a housewife. Sherman made significant contributions to 3M, co-inventing Scotchgard by accident. Her innovative work revolutionized the textile industry and earned her numerous patents and awards. She advocated for women in science and inspired young women to pursue careers in the sciences.

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BrazilUnited StatesChemist

Madeleine M. Joullié

Madeleine M. Joullié, an American-Brazilian organic chemist, was the first woman to join the University of Pennsylvania chemistry faculty and the first female organic chemist to be appointed to a tenure track position in a major American university. Her work in synthesizing organic compounds has led to the development of antibiotic and antiviral drugs.

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United StatesChemist

Isabella Karle

Isabella Karle (1921-2017) was an American chemist who made significant contributions to crystallography. Her groundbreaking work in developing techniques to extract plutonium chloride played a crucial role in scientific research. Her contributions revolutionized X-ray crystallography and led to advancements in various scientific and industrial sectors. Isabella Karle’s immense contributions and dedication continue to inspire future generations.

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United StatesArcherChemist

Darleane C. Hoffman

Darleane Christian Hoffman, born in Terril, Iowa, in 1926, is an American nuclear chemist known for her significant contributions to the field of science. She confirmed the existence of Seaborgium, element 106, and conducted extensive research on transuranium elements. Hoffman’s groundbreaking work and numerous accolades have made her a role model for aspiring scientists, particularly women, in the field of nuclear chemistry.

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United StatesBiochemistChemist

Icie Hoobler

Icie Gertrude Macy Hoobler was an American biochemist dedicated to researching human nutrition, with a focus on the well-being of mothers and children. Despite facing discrimination, she became the first woman to chair a local section of the American Chemical Society and received 22 prestigious awards for her groundbreaking research. Her passion for science and concern for children’s wellness stemmed from her upbringing on a farm in Missouri and a formative experience with sick children in Arkansas. Hoobler’s resilience and advocacy continue to inspire generations of scientists.

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United StatesChemistEducator

Helen Murray Free

Helen Murray Free was an American chemist and educator who revolutionized in vitro self-testing systems for diseases like diabetes. Her work at Miles Laboratories allowed individuals to obtain reliable test results without the need for laboratories. She was also dedicated to scientific education and inspiring young women to pursue careers in STEM fields. Helen Murray Free’s contributions continue to shape the world today.

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United StatesBiochemistChemist

Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude “Trudy” Belle Elion (January 23, 1918 – February 21, 1999) made significant contributions to medicine through her innovative methods of rational drug design. She revolutionized the field by focusing on understanding drug targets, leading to the development of life-saving medications such as AZT for AIDS and acyclovir for herpes. Despite facing gender discrimination, she persevered and became an icon in women’s history.

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United StatesBiochemistChemist

Mildred Cohn

Mildred Cohn (1913-2009) was an American biochemist who made significant contributions to the field of biochemistry. Her pioneering work in using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to study enzyme reactions greatly advanced our understanding of biochemical processes, particularly in relation to adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Despite facing gender discrimination, Cohn persisted in her studies and achieved remarkable success in her career. Her research and innovative techniques have inspired countless aspiring scientists, especially women, who have followed in her footsteps.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBiochemist

Alice Ball

Alice Augusta Ball was an American chemist who developed the “Ball Method,” the most effective treatment for leprosy at that time. Despite her remarkable achievements, her contributions to science were not recognized until many years after her untimely death at the age of 24. Her groundbreaking research and the “Ball Method” gained widespread recognition in the 1970s, establishing her as a true icon in the history of scientific breakthroughs and women’s empowerment.

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United StatesChemistEngineer

Ellen Swallow Richards

Ellen Henrietta Swallow Richards, a pioneer in engineering, chemistry, and home economics, was born on December 3, 1842, in Dunstable, Massachusetts. Her passion for education and knowledge led her to become the first woman admitted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the first American woman to earn a degree in chemistry. Richards revolutionized public health through her research on water quality and made significant contributions to the field of home economics. Despite facing challenges as a woman in a male-dominated society, she persisted in advancing women’s roles in science and technology.

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Gerty Cori

Gerty Theresa Cori was a Czech-American biochemist who defied societal expectations to make significant contributions to the field of science. With her husband, Carl Ferdinand Cori, she discovered the mechanism behind glycogen metabolism and the Cori cycle, earning them the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1947. Despite facing barriers as a woman in science, Gerty’s passion and determination paved the way for advancements in the treatment of metabolic disorders.

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United StatesMathematician

Charlotte Barnum

Charlotte Cynthia Barnum, a distinguished mathematician and social activist, broke barriers in academia as the first woman to earn a PhD in mathematics from Yale University. Her love for learning and passion for mathematics guided her throughout her life, leading to groundbreaking achievements and inspiring future generations of women in STEM fields.

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United StatesMathematician

Mary Nicholas Arnoldy

Mary Nicholas Arnoldy (1893–1985) was a Roman Catholic Sister of St. Joseph of Concordia (Kansas), and a mathematician. Along with M. Henrietta Reilly and Mary Domitilla Thuener, she was one of a very few women and Catholic sisters to earn a doctorate in mathematics before 1940.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEngineer

Elayne Arrington

Elayne Arrington, an American mathematician and engineer, overcame numerous obstacles throughout her career to become a trailblazer for women, particularly African American women, in the fields of mathematics and engineering. Her exceptional aptitude in mathematics led her to become the second-highest scorer on the SAT in her class, despite facing discrimination in her academic journey. Despite these challenges, Arrington’s determination to succeed propelled her to become the first African American woman to graduate from the School of Engineering at the University of Pittsburgh and earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. Her accomplishments have shattered stereotypes and paved the way for future generations of women and minorities in STEM fields.

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GuamUnited StatesMathematician

Jennifer Balakrishnan

Jennifer Shyamala Sayaka Balakrishnan is an American mathematician known for her expertise in algorithmic number theory and arithmetic geometry. She gained prominence for leading a team that successfully solved the “cursed curve” problem, a famously difficult Diophantine equation.

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United StatesEconomistMathematician

Beatrice Aitchison

Beatrice Aitchison (1908-1997) was an American mathematician, statistician, and transportation economist. She played a crucial role in shaping transportation policies in the United States and made significant contributions to her field. Aitchison’s remarkable journey from academia to government service underscored her determination, intelligence, and commitment to public service, helping to improve the efficiency of government and postal operations. Her contributions continue to inspire and influence generations of mathematicians, economists, and policymakers.

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United StatesMathematician

Alice Bache Gould

Alice Bache Gould, an American mathematician, philanthropist, and historian, dedicated her life to making significant contributions to the fields of mathematics and Spanish-American studies. Despite facing setbacks in mathematics due to poor health, Alice followed her true interest in Spanish-American studies and became a respected historian. Her dedication to her work earned her recognition, including becoming the only female corresponding member of the Real Academia de la Historia and being awarded the Order of Isabella the Catholic. Alice never married or had children, but formed close friendships with several women, who provided support and companionship throughout her life.

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GermanyUnited StatesAerospace Engineer

Irmgard Flügge-Lotz

Irmgard Flügge-Lotz, a German-American mathematician and aerospace engineer, revolutionized the field of discontinuous automatic control. Her pioneering work in hysteresis control systems found widespread applications in guidance systems, electronics, fire-control systems, and temperature regulation. Despite facing challenges as a woman in a male-dominated field, Flügge-Lotz’s exceptional mathematical skills and contributions to engineering earned her numerous accolades and made her an inspiration to future generations of female engineers.

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United StatesMathematician

Phyllis Chinn

Phyllis Zweig Chinn, a renowned American mathematician, made significant contributions to the field of mathematics alongside her work in women’s studies and teaching preparation. Her passion for mathematics has had a profound impact on society, inspiring future generations. Chinn’s groundbreaking research in graph theory and her dedication to advancing mathematics education have solidified her legacy as a trailblazer in her field.

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United StatesEducatorMathematician

Sylvia Bozeman

Sylvia D. Trimble Bozeman is an American mathematician and mathematics educator. Growing up in Camp Hill, Alabama, she was encouraged by her teachers and parents to pursue her education. She graduated as the salutatorian of her class and went on to earn her Ph.D. in mathematics, becoming one of the few Black women in the United States to do so. Bozeman has been dedicated to advancing women in mathematics through teaching and her research in operator theory and image processing.

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United StatesMathematician

Lynne Butler

Lynne Marie Butler (born 1959) is an American mathematician known for her significant contributions to the fields of algebraic combinatorics, group theory, and mathematical statistics. She has made remarkable strides in her career as a professor of mathematics at Haverford College.

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United StatesJewishMathematician

Ruth Aaronson Bari

Ruth Aaronson Bari (1917-2005) was an American mathematician known for her work in graph theory and algebraic homomorphisms. She dedicated herself to raising her family before returning to earn her Ph.D. in mathematics at the age of 47. Bari’s contributions to graph theory and homomorphisms were highly regarded, and she actively advocated for gender equality in academia. Her legacy lives on through the students she taught.

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United StatesComputer ScientistJewish

Dorothy Lewis Bernstein

Dorothy Lewis Bernstein (1914-1988) was an American mathematician known for her work in applied mathematics, statistics, computer programming, and research on the Laplace transform. She became the first woman to be elected president of the Mathematics Association of America, and made significant contributions to the field of mathematics throughout her career.

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United StatesAstronomer

Ida Barney

Ida Barney (November 6, 1886 – March 7, 1982) was an American astronomer, best known for her 22 volumes of astrometric measurements on 150,000 stars. She made significant contributions to the field of astronomy and played a crucial role in the development of star catalogs.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerMathematician

Vera Huckel

Vera Huckel (1908–1999) was an American mathematician and aerospace engineer who made significant contributions to NASA’s early years. She was one of the first female “computers” at NACA, the predecessor of NASA, where she played a pivotal role in the Dynamic Loads Division.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanMathematician

Louise Stokes Hunter

Ella Louise Stokes Hunter, a renowned American mathematics educator, dedicated her life to teaching and mentoring students. With a passion for mathematics and education, she became the first African-American woman to earn a degree from Harvard University. Her groundbreaking achievements and unwavering commitment to the field of education continue to inspire and shape the field of mathematics education today.

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United StatesMathematician

Fern Hunt

Fern Yvette Hunt, born in 1948, is an accomplished American mathematician who has made significant contributions in applied mathematics and mathematical biology. Her journey was influenced by her family and teachers. She is currently a researcher at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, focusing on the ergodic theory of dynamical systems. With a passion for mentoring and promoting diversity, Hunt has left a lasting impact on the mathematics community.

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United StatesMathematician

Ellen Hayes

Ellen Amanda Hayes, an American mathematician and astronomer, was a controversial figure in her time due to her role as a female college professor and her support for radical causes. She made significant contributions to the field of mathematics and astronomy, and was known for her strong-willed personality and dedication to social causes. Her fearless attitude and unwavering commitment to equality make her a trailblazer in women’s history.

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Louise Hay

Louise Schmir, born in Metz, France in 1935, was a brilliant mathematician known for her groundbreaking work in mathematical logic. Her family fled the Nazis and immigrated to the United States, where she pursued her education and achieved remarkable success. Despite facing personal challenges, Louise Hay made significant contributions to the field of mathematics and paved the way for future women mathematicians.

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United StatesMathematician

Mary W. Gray

Mary Lee Wheat Gray is an American mathematician, statistician, and lawyer who has made significant contributions to the fields of mathematics, mathematics education, computer science, applied statistics, economic equity, and discrimination law. Born on April 8, 1938, in the United States, Gray’s work has had a lasting impact on society and women’s history.

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United StatesEducatorMathematician

Pamela E. Harris

Pamela Estephania Harris, a renowned Mexican-American mathematician, educator, and advocate for immigrants, is making significant contributions in the field of mathematics. She is the co-founder of the online platform Lathisms, an editor of the e-mentoring blog of the American Mathematical Society, and co-hosts a podcast called “Mathematically Uncensored.” Harris’s dedication to inclusivity and diversity is evident in her advocacy work and book co-authorship. Her passion for mathematics and commitment to underrepresented groups have earned her numerous awards and recognition.

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United StatesMathematician

Sarah J. Greenwald

Sarah J. Greenwald is a distinguished professor of mathematics at Appalachian State University and a faculty affiliate of the gender, women’s, and sexuality studies program. With a passion for both mathematical research and teaching, Greenwald has made significant contributions in the fields of geometry and the scholarship of teaching and learning. She is also known for exploring the connections between mathematics and society, particularly in relation to women, minorities, and popular culture.

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United StatesMathematician

Winifred Edgerton Merrill

Winifred Edgerton Merrill, a pioneer in mathematics, was the first woman to receive a degree from Columbia University and the first American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. Growing up in a supportive environment, she developed a strong interest in astronomy and later pursued her studies at Columbia University. Her groundbreaking achievements inspired future generations of women in academia.

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CanadaUnited StatesMathematician

Josephine M. Mitchell

Josephine Margaret Mitchell (1912-2000) was a Canadian-American mathematician known for her work in the mathematical analysis of functions of several complex variables. Facing discrimination throughout her career, she never gave up on her passion for mathematics. Mitchell’s perseverance and dedication, along with her contributions to the field, make her an influential figure in academia and women’s history.

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Isabel Maddison

Ada Isabel Maddison (1869 – 1950) was a British mathematician best known for her work on differential equations. Maddison had a remarkable academic journey, overcoming many obstacles as a woman in a time when higher education was not readily accessible to women. Her contributions to mathematics and her perseverance in pursuing her passion have left a lasting legacy.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Vivienne Malone-Mayes

Vivienne Lucille Malone-Mayes, an accomplished American mathematician and professor, overcame significant obstacles to make groundbreaking contributions to the field of mathematics. Despite facing racial segregation and discrimination, she became the fifth African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics in the United States. Her determination and resilience continue to inspire future generations in the pursuit of education and knowledge.

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United StatesArcherMathematician

Lynette Long

Lynette Long, an influential American former professor and feminist, has dedicated her career to addressing educational disparities and advocating for women’s rights. She is well-known for her research on the math achievement of young girls and her efforts to increase the representation of women in various national symbols. Through her work, Long has inspired change and highlighted the importance of gender equality in education and society.

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United StatesMathematicianPsychologist

Christine Ladd-Franklin

Christine Ladd-Franklin was an American psychologist, logician, and mathematician who made significant contributions to the fields of psychology and mathematics. Her groundbreaking research on color vision challenged prevailing beliefs, and she was recognized with an honorary doctorate from Vassar College in 1887. Ladd-Franklin’s determination and advocacy for women’s rights paved the way for future generations of women in STEM fields.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanMathematician

Nicole M. Joseph

Nicole M. Joseph is an American mathematician and scholar of mathematics education. Her research focuses on the experiences of African-American girls and women in mathematics, the effects of white supremacist reactions to their work in mathematics, and the intersectional nature of educational inequity. She has authored and edited several books and was awarded the Louise Hay Award for her contributions to mathematics education.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanMathematician

Eleanor Jones

Eleanor Green Dawley Jones (1929-2021) was an American mathematician and a prominent figure in the field of mathematics. She was one of the first African-American women to achieve a Ph.D. in mathematics, breaking down barriers and paving the way for future generations. Jones dedicated her life to promoting education, advocating for civil rights, and inspiring others to pursue careers in science and mathematics.

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United StatesEngineerMathematician

Virginia Tucker

Virginia Layden Tucker (1909 – January 19, 1985) was an American mathematician at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the precursor to NASA. She played a crucial role in developing aircraft design and aerodynamics as one of the first human computers at NACA. Tucker also worked as an aerodynamicist and advocate for women in mathematics, helping to diversify the field and expand opportunities for women in engineering and science.

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United StatesAerospace Engineer

Mary Golda Ross

Mary Golda Ross, a pioneering Native American engineer, was the first known Native American female engineer and the first female engineer in the history of Lockheed Corporation. She played a pivotal role in the development of the renowned Skunk Works project and made significant contributions to aerospace design, including the Agena Rocket program and early studies of orbiting satellites. Ross’s remarkable achievements shattered gender barriers and inspired future generations of women in engineering.

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United StatesMathematician

Freda Porter

Freda Porter, a Lumbee tribe member, broke barriers as one of the first Native American women to earn a PhD in the mathematical sciences. With a passion for mathematics and the natural world, she founded Porter Scientific, Inc., an environmental consulting agency, and became a leader in the field of environmental science. Porter’s dedication to her community and advocacy for Native Americans in STEM has left a lasting impact on both academia and society.

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United StatesMathematician

Helen Brewster Owens

Helen Brewster Owens (April 2, 1881 – June 6, 1968) was an American suffragist and mathematician. She dedicated her life to advancing both the rights of women and the field of mathematics. With a passion for gender equality and an exceptional talent for mathematics, Brewster Owens made significant contributions to both areas, leaving a lasting impact on society.

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CanadaUnited StatesMathematician

Cathleen Synge Morawetz

Cathleen Synge Morawetz was a Canadian mathematician known for her significant contributions to the field of mathematics, particularly in the study of the partial differential equations governing fluid flow. Her groundbreaking work in transonic flow challenged existing beliefs and paved the way for advancements in aircraft design. As a pioneering woman in mathematics, Morawetz’s legacy inspires future generations of mathematicians worldwide. She received the National Medal of Science in 1998 for her exceptional contributions to the field.

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United StatesActivistLawyer

Kate Kelly

Kate Kelly is an American activist, human rights lawyer, and Mormon feminist who founded Ordain Women, an organization advocating for the ordination of women in the LDS Church. Excommunicated in 2014, she is also known for her advocacy for the Equal Rights Amendment and abortion access. Kelly has recently come out as queer and is in a same-sex relationship with a Catholic writer with similar goals.

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United StatesActivist

Carrie Chapman Catt

Carrie Chapman Catt, born in 1859, was a pioneering American women’s suffrage leader who played a crucial role in the fight for women’s rights and equality. Her tireless efforts and strategic leadership paved the way for the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, granting women the right to vote. Catt’s advocacy extended beyond the United States, as she founded the International Woman Suffrage Alliance to promote women’s suffrage globally. Her dedication, perseverance, and lasting impact make her a prominent figure in women’s history.

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United StatesStunt Performer

Mamie Francis Hafley

Mamie Francis Hafley, also known as Elba Mae Ghent, was a renowned performer in Wild West shows and rodeos from 1901 to 1940. She was famous for her fearless horse-diving act, sharpshooting while riding a galloping horse, and captivating horse-riding acts. Mamie Francis Hafley left a lasting impact on the history of entertainment with her thrilling performances.

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United StatesDisabledSurfer

Bethany Hamilton

Bethany Meilani Hamilton, a professional surfer and writer, has inspired millions with her story of resilience. Despite losing her left arm in a shark attack at the age of thirteen, she returned to the water just one month later and went on to achieve remarkable success in surfing. Bethany’s story of triumph over adversity has captivated readers worldwide and has been adapted into a feature film. She continues to surf professionally and advocate for others with disabilities.

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United StatesActivistSurfer

Lisa Andersen

Lisa Andersen is an American four-time world surfing champion who made a significant impact on the sport and inspired generations of female surfers. Born on March 8, 1969, Andersen’s passion for surfing started at the age of 15 in Ormond Beach, Florida. During the early 1980s, women’s surfing was still underground, and surfing as a whole was considered a male-dominated sport. However, Andersen’s smooth yet aggressive style quickly caught the attention of her peers.

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United StatesSurfer

Margo Oberg

Margo Oberg, born in Pennsylvania in 1953, emerged as a trailblazer in professional surfing, becoming the first female professional surfer. Her early accomplishments and enduring influence on the sport solidified her legacy and positioned her as one of the most influential women in surfing history.

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United StatesActivistBusiness

Nancy Hogshead

Nancy Hogshead-Makar is an American swimmer and CEO of Champion Women. She won three gold medals and one silver medal at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Her advocacy work focuses on equality and accountability in sports, addressing issues such as sexual harassment, discrimination, and abuse.

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United StatesSailing

Jennifer J. Isler

Jennifer J. Isler, a highly accomplished American yachtswoman, began her sailing journey at the age of 7 and quickly rose to prominence in the sport. As the first female captain of the Yale sailing team, Isler’s exceptional skill and leadership set her apart. With numerous championship wins and Olympic medals, she was a trailblazer in women’s sailing and her contributions continue to inspire future generations of female sailors.

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United StatesJewishSailing

Allison Jolly

Allison Jolly, an American sailor and Olympic champion, began her sailing career at the age of 10. After winning the Inter-Collegiate Sailing Association National Championships in 1975 and 1976, she became the youngest woman to win the US Sailor of the Year Awards in 1976. Jolly’s dedication to sailing led her to success, including winning a gold medal in the 470 Class at the 1988 Summer Olympics, making her the only American female sailor to achieve this feat. She continues to contribute to the sport as the head coach of the Bulls sailing team at the University of South Florida.

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United StatesJewishSailing

Lynne Jewel Shore

Lynne Jewel Shore, born in 1959 in Burbank, California, is an American sailor and Olympic champion who has left an indelible mark on the sport. She was named Yachtswoman of the Year in 1980 and became the champion of the International Yacht Racing Union in 1980 and 1984. In the 1988 Olympics, she won a gold medal in the 470 Class, solidifying her place in sailing history.

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United StatesSailing

Timothea “Timmy” Larr

Timothea “Timmy” Larr, a naval architect and three-time winner of the United States Women’s Sailing Championship, is a renowned figure in the sailing community. Her dedication to designing innovative boats and her numerous victories in different championships have solidified her reputation as one of the most accomplished female sailors of her time. Larr’s contributions to the sport continue to inspire women and contribute to the rich history of women in sailing.

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United StatesSailing

Dawn Riley

Dawn Riley (born July 21, 1964) is an American sailor and a pioneering figure in the sport of sailboat racing. With her numerous achievements and trailblazing efforts, Riley has become a respected icon in the sailing world.

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United StatesAstronautDoctor

Laurel B. Clark

Laurel Blair Clark (née Salton; March 10, 1961 – February 1, 2003) was a NASA astronaut, medical doctor, United States Navy captain, and Space Shuttle mission specialist. She was a remarkable woman who made significant contributions to both the field of medicine and space exploration.

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United StatesSkier

Diann Roffe

Diann Roffe-Steinrotter (born March 24, 1967 in Warsaw, New York) is a retired American alpine skier. She achieved remarkable success in her skiing career, becoming a world champion and an Olympic gold medalist. Roffe-Steinrotter’s dedication to her sport and her exceptional talent made her a role model for aspiring athletes.

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United StatesSkier

Picabo Street

Picabo Street is an American former World Cup alpine ski racer and Olympic gold medalist. She made history as the first American woman to win World Cup downhill season titles in 1995 and 1996. Street’s perseverance and talent led her to win multiple Olympic and World Championship medals, and she was inducted into the National Ski Hall of Fame in 2004.

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United StatesSkier

Lindsey Vonn

Lindsey Caroline Vonn, born in 1984 in St. Paul, Minnesota, is an American former World Cup alpine ski racer. Recognized as one of the greatest ski racers of all time, Vonn achieved numerous accolades throughout her career. Her aggressive and fearless skiing style earned her victories in downhill and super-G events, and she became the first American woman to win a gold medal in the downhill event at the Winter Olympics in 2010. Vonn’s legacy extends beyond her athletic accomplishments, inspiring young athletes, especially aspiring female skiers.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Megan Rapinoe

Megan Rapinoe is an American professional soccer player who has become a symbol of excellence and activism in women’s soccer. With numerous accolades and accomplishments on and off the field, she has solidified her place in women’s sports history and continues to inspire individuals worldwide. Recently, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her outstanding achievements and commitment to equality and human rights.

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United StatesDiscus ThrowerJavelin

Lillian Copeland

Lillian Copeland, a trailblazing American track and field athlete, made history as the first American woman to win the discus throw at a modern Olympics. Her exceptional achievements in discus, javelin throwing, and shot put set numerous world records and inspired generations of female athletes. Despite facing discrimination and prejudice as a Jewish woman in the early 20th century, Copeland’s determination and resilience propelled her to break barriers and leave an indelible mark on women’s sports.

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United StatesStunt Performer

Lulu Bell Parr

Lulu Bell Parr (1876-1955) was a remarkable Wild West performer known for her incredible talents in sharpshooting, trick riding, bronc riding, and buffalo riding. Throughout her career, she gained the well-deserved title of the “Champion Lady Bucking Horse Rider of the World.” Lulu’s exceptional skills, courage, and dedication to her craft left a lasting impact on the world of entertainment and women’s history.

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SwedenUnited StatesStunt Performer

Olga Celeste

Olga Celeste was a renowned animal trainer who specialized in leopards and pumas for circus performances, vaudeville shows, and films. Born in Sweden, she ran away to join a Swedish circus at the age of 11, showcasing her adventurous spirit and determination. She made significant contributions to the entertainment industry and remains a notable figure in the history of animal training.

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United StatesCoachSwimmer

Sharon Stouder

Sharon Marie Stouder (1948–2013) was an American competition swimmer who made a significant impact on the sport at a young age. At the 1964 Summer Olympics, she won three gold medals and one silver, solidifying her place as one of the most successful female swimmers of her time. Stouder’s remarkable achievements in the butterfly and freestyle events, including setting world records, earned her a place in the International Swimming Hall of Fame. Her legacy as one of the greatest female swimmers of all time endures.

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United StatesSwimmer

Jill Savery

Jill Savery, an American competitor in synchronized swimming and Olympic champion, made history by winning synchronized swimming’s first-ever gold medal in the team event at the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games. Her impact on the sport extends beyond her own achievements, inspiring future generations of synchronized swimmers and contributing to the growth and development of the sport worldwide.

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Czech RepublicUnited StatesTennis

Martina Navratilova

Martina Navratilova, the Czech-born American former professional tennis player, is widely recognized as one of the greatest tennis players of all time. With 18 major singles titles, 31 major women’s doubles titles, and 10 major mixed doubles titles, Navratilova holds the record for the most major titles in the Open Era. Her dominance in women’s tennis during the 1970s and 1980s, along with her strong advocacy for LGBTQ+ rights, has solidified her place as an influential figure in the sport.

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United StatesRugby

Phaidra Knight

Phaidra Knight (born July 4, 1974) is an American former rugby union footballer who made a significant impact on the sport and paved the way for future generations. As a member of the United States national team from 1999 to 2017, Knight’s legacy in women’s rugby is marked by her exceptional skills and remarkable achievements.

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United StatesSailing

Elizabeth “Betsy” Gelentis Alison

Elizabeth “Betsy” Gelentis Alison is an American sailor who has made significant contributions to the world of sailing. Born and raised in the United States, Alison discovered her passion for sailing at a young age.

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United StatesActivistSkier

Andrea Mead Lawrence

Andrea Mead Lawrence was an American alpine ski racer and environmentalist who won two Olympic gold medals. She was born into an alpine skiing family and made the national team at age 14. Mead Lawrence went on to compete in three Winter Olympics and was the captain of the U.S. women’s team at age 19. After retiring from competition, she fought against development and served as a Mono County supervisor. Mead Lawrence also founded a non-profit organization committed to conservation.

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United StatesCoachSoccer

Briana Scurry

Briana Collette Scurry, born on September 7, 1971 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is an American retired soccer goalkeeper and assistant coach of the Washington Spirit as of 2018. Scurry’s impact on women’s soccer cannot be overstated, as she played a pivotal role in some of the most memorable moments in the history of the sport.

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United StatesAmerican Football

Sarah Schkeeper

Sarah Schkeeper, known as “The Viking,” made a lasting impact as a guard for the New York Sharks in professional women’s football. With her tenacity and skill, she helped establish the team as the most successful in history. Schkeeper’s dedication to the sport, both on and off the field, inspires all who follow her journey.

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United StatesAmerican FootballCoach

Katie Sowers

Katie Sowers (born August 7, 1986) is an American football coach in the National Football League (NFL). She made history as the first openly gay and first female coach in Super Bowl history. Sowers began her football career playing in the Women’s Football Alliance before joining the NFL in 2016. She currently works in the athletic department of Ottawa University.

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United StatesAmerican FootballCoach

Jennifer Welter

Jennifer Welter is an American football coach who has made a significant impact in the world of professional football. Born on October 27, 1977, she has broken barriers and shattered stereotypes throughout her career. Welter’s accomplishments have not only solidified her place in football history but have also inspired and motivated countless individuals.

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United StatesAmerican FootballCoach

Callie Brownson

Callie Brownson (born October 15, 1989) is an American football coach and player who is currently the assistant wide receivers coach for the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (NFL). She has made significant strides in breaking barriers for women in football and has been recognized for her skills and contributions to the sport.

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United StatesEducatorIndigenous

Joyce Dugan

Joyce Dugan (born c.1952, Cherokee) is an American educator, school administrator, and politician. She served as the 24th Principal Chief of the federally recognized Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians from 1995 to 1999, making her the first woman to be elected to this position. As of 2022, she remains the only woman to have held this office.

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United StatesLGBTQIATrack & Field

Caitlyn Jenner

Caitlyn Marie Jenner, formerly known as Bruce Jenner, was born on October 28, 1949, in Mount Kisco, New York. Her parents, Esther Ruth (née McGuire) and William Hugh Jenner, raised her alongside her younger brother, Burt. Jenner’s father, originally from New Brunswick, Canada, worked as an arborist. With a diverse ancestry including English, Scottish, Irish, Dutch, and Welsh roots, Jenner grew up in a loving and supportive household.

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United StatesActorComedian

Bea Arthur

Beatrice Arthur, born Bernice Frankel on May 13, 1922, was an American actress and comedian who achieved worldwide recognition for her work on television. Her breakthrough came with her portrayal of Maude Findlay in the sitcoms “All in the Family” and “Maude”, and she solidified her status as a television star with her role as Dorothy Zbornak in “The Golden Girls”. Arthur’s talent was recognized with numerous awards, and her influential roles on television continue to inspire and entertain audiences.

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United StatesActivistFilmmaker

Jari Jones

Jari Jones, born in 1991, is an American trans Femme activist, performance artist, and creative. Throughout her life, Jones has made significant contributions to the fields of film, fashion, and activism, becoming a prominent figure in the LGBTQ+ community. Her dedication to advocating for transgender rights and representation has cemented her status as a trailblazer and an inspiration for many.

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United StatesActorComedian

Kate McKinnon

Kate McKinnon Berthold, known as Kate McKinnon, was an American actress, comedian, impressionist, writer, and singer. With her remarkable character work and celebrity impressions, McKinnon rose to prominence as a cast member on Saturday Night Live (SNL). She also gained recognition for her role on The Big Gay Sketch Show. McKinnon’s comedic genius and versatile talents have made a lasting impact on the entertainment industry.

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United StatesAsian AmericanJudge

Pamela K. Chen

Pamela Ki Mai Chen, born on March 30, 1961, in Chicago, United States, is a highly esteemed United States district judge known for her dedication to ensuring justice and upholding civil rights. Chen’s remarkable career includes working at prestigious law firms, the United States Department of Justice, and the United States Attorney’s office. She was appointed as a United States district judge for the Eastern District of New York, making history as the first openly LGBTQ+ Asian-American person to serve on the federal bench. Chen’s appointment exemplifies the importance of diversity and representation in the justice system.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Brandi Carlile

Brandi Carlile, an American singer-songwriter and activist, has made a name for herself in the music industry with her emotionally charged lyrics and powerful vocals. From her early days in Ravensdale, Washington, to her rise to fame with hits like “The Story,” Carlile’s music resonates with audiences worldwide. In addition to her musical talents, Carlile is also a dedicated activist, using her platform to advocate for social justice and LGBTQ+ rights. With nine Grammy Awards and numerous nominations under her belt, Carlile has secured her place as an influential artist in the industry.

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NorwayUnited StatesActivist

Margarethe Cammermeyer

Margarethe “Grethe” Cammermeyer, a former Norwegian-American military officer, fought for LGBTQ+ rights in the United States. Her battle against the military’s ban on gays and lesbians in the armed forces gained attention, and she was honorably discharged in 1992. Cammermeyer’s lawsuit challenging the decision ultimately led to a ruling that the ban was unconstitutional, allowing her to return to the National Guard and setting a legal precedent for LGBTQ+ inclusion in the military. Her bravery and advocacy continue to inspire.

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United StatesActivistGovernment

Roberta Achtenberg

Roberta Achtenberg (born July 20, 1950) is an American attorney and civil rights advocate who has made significant contributions to the field of civil rights in the United States. She is widely recognized for her work as a commissioner on the United States Commission on Civil Rights and as the first openly lesbian or gay public official in the country to have her appointment to a federal position confirmed by the United States Senate.

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United StatesBasketballDisabled

Ann Cody

Ann Cody, born on May 14, 1963, is a notable figure in the field of Paralympic sports and international disability rights. Throughout her life, she has made significant contributions as an athlete, advocate, and government official, leaving a lasting impact on society. Cody’s journey has been marked by determination, achievements, and a relentless pursuit of equality and inclusion for people with disabilities.

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United StatesBusinessComputer Scientist

Margaret Hamilton

Margaret Hamilton was an American computer scientist and systems engineer who made significant contributions to software engineering. She coined the term “software engineering” to distinguish software development from other forms of engineering. Margaret Hamilton was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2016 for her groundbreaking work in developing on-board flight software for NASA’s Apollo Moon missions.

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GermanyUnited StatesActivist

Wilhelmine Kekelaokalaninui Widemann Dowsett

Wilhelmine Kekelaokalaninui Widemann Dowsett was a Native Hawaiian suffragist who played a pivotal role in the fight for women’s voting rights in Hawaii. With her background in politics and support from her husband, Dowsett organized the National Women’s Equal Suffrage Association of Hawaii and continued to advocate for women’s rights even after the passing of the Nineteenth Amendment. Her dedication and leadership had a lasting impact on Hawaiian society.

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United StatesActivistArtist

Hinaleimoana Wong-Kalu

Hinaleimoana Kwai Kong Wong-Kalu, also known as Kumu Hina, is a Native Hawaiian māhū, a traditional third gender person who occupies “a place in the middle” between male and female, as well as a modern transgender woman. She is renowned for her work as a kumu hula, filmmaker, artist, activist, and community leader in the field of Kanaka Maoli language and cultural preservation. Kumu Hina teaches Kanaka Maoli philosophy and traditions that promote cross-cultural alliances throughout the Pacific Islands. Her contributions to society have solidified her status as a powerful performer, cultural icon, and advocate for indigenous rights.

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United StatesActivistJudge

Phyllis Frye

Phyllis Randolph Frye, born circa 1946 in San Antonio, Texas, is a transgender woman who has made significant strides in the fight for LGBTQ+ rights and equality. Frye’s journey towards becoming the first openly transgender judge appointed in the world has been marked with obstacles and challenges, which she faced with resilience and unwavering determination.

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United StatesAviationLGBTQIA

Robina Asti

Robina Fedora Asti (April 7, 1921 – March 12, 2021) was an American flight instructor and advocate for women’s and transgender rights. Her advocacy efforts played a significant role in changing government rules to allow transgender people to receive Social Security survivor benefits. Asti’s remarkable life and pioneering achievements have left an indelible mark on the aviation industry and the fight for equality.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Miss Major Griffin-Gracy

Miss Major Griffin-Gracy, a trans woman author, activist, and community organizer, has played a significant role in activism and community organizing for transgender rights. She has made substantial contributions to oral history collections and published her memoir, Miss Major Speaks: Conversations with a Black Trans Revolutionary. Her resilience, courage, and commitment to justice have solidified her place as a pioneering figure in the transgender rights movement and women’s history.

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United StatesJudgeLawyer

Victoria Kolakowski

Victoria Kolakowski (born August 29, 1961) is an American lawyer who broke through barriers and made history as the first openly transgender person to serve as a trial court judge of general jurisdiction in the United States and the first to serve as any type of judge in California. Her groundbreaking achievements have not only shattered glass ceilings but have also paved the way for inclusivity and equality within the justice system.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Chelsea Manning

Chelsea Manning, an American activist and whistleblower, made a courageous decision in 2010 to leak classified military and diplomatic documents to WikiLeaks. Her actions sparked important conversations about government transparency and accountability, and she has also played a significant role in raising awareness about gender identity as a trans woman. Manning’s impact on society and her dedication to revealing the truth have made her a significant figure in women’s history.

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FranceGermanyIsrael

Julia Kempe

Julia Kempe is a renowned researcher in quantum computing, hailing from France, Germany, and Israel. She currently holds the esteemed positions of Director of the Center for Data Science at NYU and Professor at the Courant Institute. Kempe’s life and career have been marked by her invaluable contributions to the field of quantum computing, earning her recognition and praise.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Dylan Mulvaney

Dylan Mulvaney (born December 29, 1996) is an American actress, comedian, and TikTok personality. Mulvaney gained widespread recognition for sharing her gender transition journey through daily videos on TikTok starting in early 2022. Her impactful storytelling and authenticity have touched millions of viewers, making her an influential figure in transgender representation.

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United StatesActivistActor

Geraldine Lawhorn

Geraldine Jerrie Lawhorn, a prominent figure in the American deafblind community, was a multi-talented performer, pianist, actress, and instructor. She made history as the first deafblind African American to earn a college degree in the United States. Despite facing numerous challenges and obstacles, she dedicated her life to advocating for the rights and inclusivity of individuals with disabilities, leaving behind a lasting legacy. Geraldine’s accomplishments continue to inspire and empower deafblind individuals worldwide.

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United StatesAmerican Football

Luverne Wise

Luverne Nora Wise Albert, born in 1922 in Atmore, Alabama, was a pioneering American football player. She made history as the first female to score on a men’s team, breaking gender norms and paving the way for future generations of female athletes. Despite limited opportunities for women during her time, Luverne’s determination and athletic abilities were instrumental in breaking barriers and inspiring others.

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United StatesAmerican Football

Tonya Butler

Tonya Lynn Butler made history as the first woman to score a field goal in a college football game. Starting her journey in high school, she showcased her skills as a placekicker for Riverdale High School. She continued her impressive career in college and eventually joined the University of West Alabama Tigers, where she scored a 27-yard field goal in the opening game of the 2003 season. Butler’s groundbreaking accomplishment shattered barriers and inspired future generations of female athletes. Died:

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United StatesAmerican Football

Ashley Martin

Ashley Martin (born c. 1981) is an American athlete who made history as the first woman to play and score in an NCAA Division I American football game. On August 30, 2001, she accomplished this remarkable feat as a placekicker for the Jacksonville State University Gamecocks, simultaneously becoming one of the first women to score points in any college football game. Martin’s groundbreaking achievement left an indelible mark on the world of sports.

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United StatesAmerican FootballLGBTQIA

Alissa Wykes

Alissa Wykes, a former American football running back, made her mark on the sports world as both an accomplished athlete and a trailblazer. After honing her skills on the softball field, Wykes joined the Philadelphia Liberty Belles and quickly became known for her exceptional talents as a running back. Her impact extended beyond sports when she courageously came out as gay, sparking important conversations and paving the way for LGBTQ+ athletes. Through her determination and advocacy, Wykes challenged societal norms and helped create a more inclusive sports community.

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United StatesAmerican FootballSoccer

Liz Heaston

Elizabeth Heaston Thompson, born in 1977, is an American athlete who holds the distinction of being the first woman ever to score in a college football game. Her remarkable achievement took place on October 18, 1997, as a placekicker for the Willamette Bearcats football team at Willamette University, which was part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) for small colleges. Alongside her football prowess, Liz Heaston also excelled in women’s soccer as a defender.

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United StatesActivistGame Developer

Anna Anthropy

Anna Anthropy, an American video game designer, has made a significant impact in the world of gaming. Born in California in 1984, Anthropy has dedicated her career to creating unique and thought-provoking games that challenge conventional norms and explore a wide range of themes. Her games often examine the relationship between sadism and player experiences, pushing players to question the conventions of the gaming industry. Anthropy’s advocacy for inclusivity and diversity in the gaming industry continues to inspire aspiring game developers to tell their own stories and perspectives.

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United StatesBoxerBusiness

Jackie Kallen

Jackie Kallen is a pioneering female manager in the world of boxing. Her inspiring life story, from a show business journalist to a sports journalist, has garnered attention and recognition. Despite facing challenges and controversies throughout her career, Kallen’s resilience and dedication have left an indelible mark in the history of boxing.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Carlotta Walls LaNier

Carlotta Walls LaNier, the youngest member of the Little Rock Nine, broke racial barriers as one of the first African-American students to attend Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Despite facing intense opposition and a bomb attack on her home, LaNier’s determination paved the way for future generations of African-Americans to access quality education. Her remarkable journey and advocacy for equal opportunities continue to inspire social progress.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanLGBTQIA

Audre Lorde

Audre Lorde, born Audrey Geraldine Lorde on February 18, 1934, was a prolific American writer, poet, and civil rights activist. She was an influential figure in the feminist and civil rights movements of the 20th century, dedicating her life and creative talent to confronting social injustices. Lorde described herself as a “black, lesbian, feminist, socialist, mother, warrior, poet,” and her work profoundly explored and addressed issues of racism, sexism, classism, and homophobia.

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United StatesActivistActor

Ruby Dee

Ruby Dee (1922-2014) was an American actress, poet, playwright, screenwriter, journalist, and civil rights activist. She gained national recognition for her role in the film “The Jackie Robinson Story” and went on to have a successful career in film and theater. Dee was also actively involved in television and used her platform to advocate for racial equality and social justice. Her outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry and dedication to activism have left a lasting legacy.

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United StatesActivistBusiness

Mary Birdsall

Mary B. Thistlethwaite Birdsall, an American suffragette and journalist, dedicated her life to fighting for women’s rights. From her early career as the woman’s editor at the Indiana Farmer newspaper to her ownership of The Lily, a newspaper for women, Birdsall played a crucial role in advancing the suffrage movement. Her contributions and leadership within the Indiana Woman’s Suffrage Association were instrumental in the fight for equality. Mary Birdsall’s legacy continues to inspire generations of activists.

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CubaUnited StatesActivist

Ada Bello

Ada C. Bello (1933-2023) was a Cuban-American LGBT rights activist and medical laboratory researcher. She played a crucial role in advancing LGBTQ+ rights in Philadelphia and was dedicated to fighting for equality and acceptance for the LGBTQ+ community throughout her life. Bello’s activism began in the late 1960s when she co-founded the Philadelphia Chapter of the Daughters of Bilitis, and she later became an instrumental member of the Homophile Action League. Her advocacy work and determination have left an indelible mark on Philadelphia’s LGBTQ+ community and the broader fight for equality.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Christia Adair

Christia V. Daniels Adair was an African-American suffragist and civil rights worker who played a significant role in advocating for women’s suffrage and fighting against racial discrimination in early 20th century Texas. Her dedication to both causes made her a prominent figure in Texas history.

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United StatesActivistFilmmaker

Robin Maxkii

Robin Maxkii is a Native American technology activist, filmmaker, and writer. She is known for her work in broadening the participation of Native Americans in education and technology. Maxkii’s passion for technology began at a young age when she taught herself to code. She has made significant strides in activism, raising awareness on issues within Indian country and preserving Navajo oral history. Maxkii’s breakthrough came in 2016 when she co-starred in the Microsoft-funded PBS series “Code Trip.” Her impact has extended beyond her own journey, inspiring Native Americans to pursue careers in technology.

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United StatesBaseballBusiness

Effa Manley

Effa Manley, a remarkable American sports executive, co-owned the Newark Eagles baseball franchise in the Negro leagues from 1935 to 1948. She played a vital role as the team’s business manager and fulfilled her duties as the treasurer of the Negro National League. In recognition of her outstanding contributions, Effa Manley became the first and only woman to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006, chosen by the Special Committee on Negro Leagues. Her dedication to equality and justice leaves a lasting legacy in American history.

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United StatesBroadcasterJournalist

Robin Roberts

Robin Roberts (born November 23, 1960) is an American television broadcaster who has made significant contributions to the field of journalism. She is best known as the anchor of ABC’s Good Morning America, where her warm personality and insightful reporting have endeared her to millions of viewers.

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United StatesBasketballCoach

Yolanda Evette Griffith

Yolanda Evette Griffith is hailed as one of the greatest rebounders and defensive players in the history of women’s basketball. Her incredible athleticism, tenacity, and skill have left an indelible mark on the sport. From her humble beginnings in Chicago, Griffith overcame numerous challenges to achieve success at both the collegiate and professional levels. Her impact on the game, as well as her coaching career and induction into the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame, solidify her status as one of the all-time greats.

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United StatesActivistBasketball

Swin Cash

Swintayla Marie “Swin” Cash Canal, born on September 22, 1979, is an American former professional basketball player who made a significant impact on and off the court. She played a crucial role in leading the UConn Huskies to national titles in 2000 and 2002, and achieved an undefeated 39-0 season in 2002. Cash’s contributions to the game helped shape women’s basketball and inspire a new generation of athletes. Off the court, she is a vocal advocate for social justice issues, using her platform to advocate for LGBTQ+ rights, racial equality, and gender equity. She was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2022.

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United StatesBasketballBusiness

Carol Blazejowski

Carol Ann Blazejowski is an American retired professional women’s basketball player and the former president and General Manager of the New York Liberty of the WNBA. She was inducted into the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame in 1999. Blazejowski’s love for basketball developed at a young age, and she quickly rose to prominence with her exceptional skills and dedication to the game. She dominated the game with her scoring ability, leading the nation in scoring during her college years. Her style and skills were truly awe-inspiring, captivating audiences with her unstoppable scoring ability. Carol Blazejowski’s legacy in women’s history and her contributions to the game of basketball will forever be remembered.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanGovernment

Millie Bailey

Millie Bailey, born Vivian Mildred Corbett on February 3, 1918, in Washington, D.C., was an outstanding figure in American history… She will forever be remembered as a trailblazer, a champion for equality, and an inspiration to generations to come.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Nancy Gooch

Nancy Gooch was an early African-American settler in California and one of the state’s most successful 19th-century black female landowners. She overcame the adversity of slavery and worked tirelessly to bring her son to California while accumulating land and wealth. Her story is a testament to the strength and determination of African-American women during a time of social change.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Kitty Foster

Catherine “Kitty” Foster (c. 1790–1863) was a freed African American woman who defied societal expectations and became a landowner at a time of immense discrimination. She owned property near the University of Virginia from 1833 until her death in 1863, leaving a lasting legacy. Foster’s story of resilience and determination challenges the prevailing narrative of her time and highlights the impact of individuals like her on women’s history and the struggle for equality.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Sarah Allen

Sarah Allen, also known as Mother Allen, was an American abolitionist and missionary for the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Born into slavery, she found freedom in Philadelphia and married Richard Allen, the founder of the AME Church. Sarah played a crucial role in establishing the church and supporting its growth. She also actively participated in the Underground Railroad, providing shelter and assistance to runaway slaves. Sarah’s dedication to the AME Church and the fight against slavery left behind a legacy of resilience, faith, and activism.

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United StatesAstronautPhysicist

Sally Ride

Sally Kristen Ride was an American astronaut and physicist who paved the way for women in space exploration. She became the first American woman to fly in space and made significant contributions to NASA’s space program. Beyond her extraordinary career, Ride’s personal life also showcased her diversity and the importance of inclusivity in all fields. Her dedication, intelligence, and passion continue to inspire generations to pursue their dreams.

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United StatesBaseballBasketball

Jennie Finch

Jennie Lynn Finch Daigle (born September 3, 1980) is an American former softball player who made significant contributions to the sport. Known for her exceptional pitching skills and dominant presence on the field, Finch has left an indelible mark on women’s softball history. From her impressive collegiate career to her successful stints in international competitions, she has become one of the most revered and influential figures in the sport.

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United StatesMarathon RunnerMilitary

Jill Metzger

Jill Metzger is an accomplished United States Air Force personnel officer who gained worldwide attention due to a gripping three-day disappearance in Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan.

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United StatesMartial Artist

Diana Lopez

Diana López, an American Olympic Taekwondo competitor, was born on January 7, 1984, in Sugar Land, Texas. Coming from a remarkable athletic family, Diana, along with her three older brothers, made history by becoming the first three siblings to win World titles at the same event in 2005. She went on to represent the United States at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, winning a bronze medal. Diana’s dedication and talent have inspired young athletes, breaking gender stereotypes in traditionally male-dominated sports.

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United StatesMartial Artist

Nia Abdallah

Nia Nicole Abdallah (born January 24, 1984) is an accomplished American taekwondo athlete and coach. She made history in 2004 as the first U.S. woman to officially medal in taekwondo at the Olympic Games, earning a silver medal. Abdallah’s exceptional talent and dedication to her sport have cemented her legacy as a trailblazer in women’s taekwondo.

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United StatesMartial Artist

Esther Kim

Esther Kim was a remarkable U.S. taekwondo athlete who made a selfless decision that defined her legacy. Born in Houston, Texas, she trained under her father’s guidance and became an exceptional athlete. In a moment of great sacrifice, Kim forfeited her spot in the Olympic Trials finals to allow her injured friend to compete in the Sydney Olympic Games. Her act of selflessness garnered worldwide attention and continues to inspire athletes today. Tragically, she passed away at the age of 40 due to severe health complications.

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United StatesMartial Artist

Lynn Roethke

Lynn Joyce Roethke was a trailblazing American judoka, known for her remarkable achievements in the field. She made history as the first American woman to reach the finals in the -61 kg division at the 1988 Summer Olympics. Lynn’s dedication, skill, and impact on women’s sports have solidified her place as a true pioneer in women’s judo.

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United StatesDisabledSkier

Candace Cable

Candace Cable, born in 1954, is a remarkable athlete and inspiration to millions. Her achievements as a Paralympian and pioneer in disability sports have solidified her place in history. Cable’s impact on society, particularly in promoting inclusivity, cannot be understated.

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United StatesActorComedian

Rosie O’Donnell

Roseann O’Donnell, born on March 21, 1962, is an American comedian, television producer, actress, author, and television personality. She achieved her breakthrough on the television show Star Search in 1984 and gained national fame with her own syndicated daytime talk show, The Rosie O’Donnell Show. Known for her philanthropic efforts and passionate discussions on The View, O’Donnell has been a polarizing figure in the media. She continues to be active in the entertainment industry and is an advocate for lesbian rights and gay adoption.

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United StatesActorLGBTQIA

Sarah Paulson

Sarah Paulson, born in 1974, is an American actress known for her versatile talent. She has received numerous awards, including an Emmy and a Golden Globe. Her impact extends beyond Hollywood, as she has been recognized as one of Time magazine’s 100 most influential people. From her early television roles to her captivating performances in film and theater, Paulson has solidified her place as a prominent figure in the entertainment industry.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Debra Kolodny

Debra Kolodny is a prominent figure in the fields of bisexual rights activism and congregational rabbinic ministry. Throughout their life, Kolodny has played a crucial role in advocating for the rights and acceptance of bisexual individuals within religious communities. Their relentless dedication to social justice and their pioneering work have made a lasting impact on both the LGBTQ+ community and religious organizations.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Mary Glasspool

Mary Douglas Glasspool, born in 1954 in Staten Island, New York, became the first avowed lesbian to be consecrated as a bishop in the Anglican Communion. Her dedication to her faith and her role as an openly lesbian bishop have had a profound impact on both the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion, making her a pioneer for inclusivity and acceptance within the church.

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FranceUnited StatesAfrican American

Karine Jean-Pierre

Karine Jean-Pierre is an influential American political advisor and the first black person and openly LGBT individual to serve as the White House press secretary. Born in 1974 in Fort-de-France, Martinique, France, she has made history with her groundbreaking achievements. With her impressive career in politics and media, Karine Jean-Pierre has become a prominent figure in American society.

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United StatesActorFilmmaker

Jodie Foster

Alicia Christian “Jodie” Foster, born on November 19, 1962, in Los Angeles, is an American actress and filmmaker. She has had an illustrious career and is the recipient of numerous accolades, including two Academy Awards, three BAFTA Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, and a Screen Actors Guild Award. Foster, a truly versatile artist, has also been recognized for her work as a producer and director, receiving a Primetime Emmy Award nomination and other prestigious honors.

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United StatesActorComedian

Ellen DeGeneres

Ellen Lee DeGeneres, known mononymously as Ellen, is an American comedian, television host, actress, writer, and producer. She gained popularity for her sharp wit and humorous observations in the early 1980s and went on to become one of the most beloved comedians in America. DeGeneres made history by coming out as a lesbian on The Oprah Winfrey Show and her sitcom, Ellen, contributing to greater visibility for the LGBTQ+ community. She then launched The Ellen DeGeneres Show, which became a cultural phenomenon. DeGeneres is also known for her philanthropy and advocacy work.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Glennon Doyle

Glennon Doyle is a renowned American author, activist, and speaker who has left an indelible mark on society with her powerful writings. With a honest and open approach, she has become a prominent voice in the feminist movement, advocating for self-acceptance and empowerment. Her memoirs have resonated deeply with readers, especially women, as she fearlessly delves into topics like addiction, mental health, and faith. Doyle’s bravery and authenticity have made her a beacon of inspiration for many.

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United StatesBusinessLGBTQIA

Mary Cheney

Mary Cheney is the daughter of former Vice President Dick Cheney and has had a significant impact in politics and business. She served as a key campaign aide for her father, held a position at AOL, and was a vocal advocate for LGBTQ+ rights. Her personal life also generated attention when she announced her pregnancy and gave birth to her first child.

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United StatesActorLGBTQIA

Miley Cyrus

Miley Ray Cyrus, born Destiny Hope Cyrus on November 23, 1992, is a versatile American singer, songwriter, and actress known for her continual reinvention in sound and style. With the ability to seamlessly transition between genres, she has earned the nickname “Pop Chameleon.” Cyrus has left an indelible mark on 2000s pop culture and stands as a rare example of a child star who successfully transitioned into adulthood.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Virginia Apuzzo

Virginia “Ginny” Apuzzo, born on June 26, 1941, is an American gay rights and AIDS activist. She is widely known for her significant contributions to the LGBTQ+ community and her role as the former executive director of the National LGBTQ Task Force. Throughout her career, she has held various influential positions in government and played a crucial role in shaping policies and advocating for equality.

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United StatesGovernmentJewish

Tammy Baldwin

Tammy Baldwin, born and raised in Madison, Wisconsin, is an American politician and lawyer who made history as the first openly LGBT woman elected to the United States Senate. Throughout her career, she has been a strong advocate for progressive policies, including Medicare for All, LGBTQ+ rights, and gun control. Baldwin’s dedication and perseverance have made a lasting impact on American society.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanJudge

Deborah Batts

Deborah Batts, the first openly LGBT, African-American federal judge in the United States, made history and left a lasting legacy. Born in Philadelphia, Batts had a strong sense of social justice and a passion for making a difference. Throughout her career, she served as an Assistant United States Attorney, faculty member at Fordham University School of Law, and a federal judge in the Southern District of New York. Batts’ contributions shattered glass ceilings and inspired future generations of diverse legal professionals.

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United StatesChemistLGBTQIA

Carolyn Bertozzi

Carolyn Ruth Bertozzi, born in 1966 in Boston, Massachusetts, is an American chemist and Nobel laureate. Her groundbreaking work bridges the fields of chemistry and biology, particularly in bioorthogonal chemistry. Throughout her career, Bertozzi has made significant contributions to the understanding of glycans and their role in diseases like cancer and viral infections. She has also been a prominent advocate for diversity and inclusivity in academia and science. In 2022, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry.

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United StatesGame Developer

Bonnie Ross

Bonnie Ross is an American video game developer who has made significant contributions to the gaming industry. She played a vital role in the management of Xbox Game Studios and served as the head of 343 Industries, a subsidiary studio responsible for overseeing the renowned Halo video game franchise.

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United StatesActorComedian

Lily Tomlin

Mary Jean “Lily” Tomlin is an iconic American actress, comedian, writer, singer, and producer. Born on September 1, 1939, in Detroit, Michigan, she began her career in stand-up comedy and sketch comedy before transitioning to become a prominent actress on both stage and screen. Over the course of her career spanning more than fifty years, Tomlin has garnered critical acclaim and numerous accolades, solidifying her place in entertainment history.

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United StatesGame Developer

Carla Meninsky

Carla Meninsky, a former video game designer and programmer, played a crucial role in the early years of the Atari VCS. Her notable creations, such as Indy 500 and Dodge ‘Em, added thrilling experiences to the gaming industry. Meninsky’s passion for protecting intellectual property rights led her to pursue a law degree, becoming an advocate for stronger legal protections. Her contributions to both programming and law have made a lasting impact on the gaming industry.

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United StatesGame Developer

Robin Hunicke

Robin Hunicke is an American video game designer and producer, known for her significant contributions to the gaming industry. She has worked on popular games such as MySims, Boom Blox, and Journey, earning widespread critical acclaim and commercial success. Hunicke is also recognized for her support of indie games and her advocacy for women’s representation in the gaming industry.

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United StatesGame DeveloperWriter

Heather Kelley

Heather Kelley (aka Moboid) is a media artist, writer, and video game designer. With a passion for pushing the boundaries of art and technology, she has made significant contributions to the world of game development and interactive media. Through her work, she has advocated for diversity and inclusivity in the gaming industry and has been a vocal proponent for the recognition of video games as an art form.

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United StatesMathematician

Barbara Paulson

Barbara Jean Paulson (née Lewis; born April 11, 1928) was an American human computer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and one of the first female scientists employed there.

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United StatesEsportsLGBTQIA

Remilia

Maria Creveling, known as Remilia, was a pioneer in the esports community as the first woman and transgender person to compete in the NA LCS. Her mastery of the champion Thresh earned her the nickname “Thresh Queen.” Despite significant challenges and online harassment, Remilia’s impact on the industry paved the way for greater inclusivity and acceptance.

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United StatesIce Hockey

Hillary Knight

Hillary Knight, born in 1989 in Palo Alto, California, is a renowned ice hockey player who has left an indelible mark on women’s hockey. With an impressive playing career and numerous accolades at the international level, Knight’s dedication and talent have inspired future generations of female athletes both on and off the ice.

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United StatesLGBTQIATransgender

Amy Schneider

Amy Schneider (born May 29, 1979) is an American writer and game show contestant. She rose to fame after winning 40 consecutive games on the quiz show Jeopardy! from November 2021 to January 2022, holding the second-longest win streak in the program’s history. With her impressive performance, she became the most successful woman and the most successful transgender contestant ever to compete on the show.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Allyson Robinson

Allyson Dylan Robinson, an American human rights activist, was born in Newport, Arkansas, in 1970. She embarked on a journey of activism and advocacy after excelling academically at the United States Military Academy at West Point. Robinson’s commitment to promoting LGBT rights through her leadership roles at the Human Rights Campaign and OutServe-SLDN has had a lasting impact on the fight for equality and inclusivity in the United States.

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United StatesActorBusiness

Angelica Ross

Angelica Ross is a trailblazing American actress, businesswoman, and transgender rights advocate. Despite facing personal struggles and adversity, she has become a powerful force in the entertainment industry and the fight for transgender equality. From her early experiences in Wisconsin to her success in Hollywood, Angelica’s journey is one of determination, resilience, and triumph.

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United StatesActivistDoctor

Rebecca Allison

Rebecca Anne “Becky” Allison, an American cardiologist and transgender activist, had a lasting impact on society through her contributions to the medical field and advocacy efforts for the LGBTQ+ community. Her work as a physician, including her role as Chief of Cardiology at CIGNA, and her creation of drbecky.com provided valuable healthcare resources for transgender individuals. She also played significant roles in LGBTQ+ organizations, championing equality and inclusivity in the medical system.

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United StatesActorArtist

Christine Jorgensen

Christine Jorgensen, a trailblazer in transgender rights, made history as the first person in the United States to undergo sex reassignment surgery. Her open discussion of her journey raised awareness and understanding of transgender issues. In addition to her groundbreaking work, Jorgensen had a successful career as an actress, singer, and recording artist, using her platform to advocate for transgender rights. Her story continues to inspire and challenge societal norms surrounding gender identity and expression.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Sylvia Rivera

Sylvia Rivera (1951-2002) was an American gay liberation and transgender rights activist who fought for the rights of marginalized individuals in the LGBTQ+ community. Raised in New York City, she faced adversity from a young age and turned to survival sex as a child prostitute. Rivera found support among drag queens, including her best friend Marsha P. Johnson. Together, they co-founded Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR) and fought for equality and inclusion within the LGBTQ+ movement. Rivera’s resilience and dedication continue to inspire activists today.

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United StatesActorWriter

Cameron Diaz

Cameron Diaz is a renowned American actress who was born on August 30, 1972, in San Diego, California. With her magnetic performances and undeniable presence, Diaz has become an influential figure in the film industry. Her versatile talent and captivating energy have earned her numerous accolades and established her as a true icon in cinema.

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United StatesLaw Enforcement

Frances Glessner Lee

Frances Glessner Lee, born on March 25, 1878, in Chicago, was an influential American forensic scientist who made significant contributions to the development of forensic science in the United States. She is best known for creating the Nutshell Studies of Unexplained Death, a collection of 20 true crime scene dioramas meticulously recreated in dollhouse scale. Frances Glessner Lee made history as the first female police captain in the United States and earned the title of “mother of forensic science.”

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MexicoUnited StatesActor

Sara Ramirez

Sara Elena Ramírez, a Mexican-American actor and singer, rose to fame with their Tony Award-winning performance in the Broadway musical “Spamalot.” Ramirez’s portrayal of Dr. Callie Torres on the television series “Grey’s Anatomy” made a significant impact on US television history, as one of the longest-running LGBT characters. Ramirez’s candidness about their own identity as bisexual and non-binary marked a turning point in visibility and representation for the LGBTQ+ community.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Edith Windsor

Edith “Edie” Windsor, an American LGBT rights activist and technology manager at IBM, played a pivotal role in the advancement of same-sex marriage rights. Her landmark Supreme Court case, United States v. Windsor, led to the declaration of Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act as unconstitutional. Edie’s determination and courage made her a symbol of hope for many LGBTQ+ individuals.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Marsha P. Johnson

Marsha P. Johnson, born Malcolm Michaels Jr., was a pivotal figure in the Stonewall uprising and an influential American gay liberation activist. She co-founded the Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (S.T.A.R.) and was an AIDS activist with ACT UP. Johnson’s legacy as a fearless advocate for LGBTQ+ rights lives on, inspiring others to fight for equality and justice.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Adrienne Rich

Adrienne Cecile Rich (1929-2012) was a highly influential American poet, essayist, and feminist. She challenged rigid forms of feminist identities, advocating for a more inclusive and fluid understanding of womanhood. Rich’s profound contributions to literature, feminism, and social justice continue to inspire and provoke conversation today. Her unapologetic exploration of power dynamics and her relentless fight for equality and justice have left an enduring mark on the literary canon and the feminist movement.

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United StatesInventorMetallurgist

Carrie Everson

Carrie Jane Everson, a pioneering American metallurgist and inventor, made groundbreaking discoveries in ore extraction using froth flotation. Despite facing challenges due to her gender, she earned two U.S. patents and tested her innovative process in various locations. Although she did not renew her patents and faced gender bias, Everson’s contributions had a lasting impact on the field of metallurgy. She passed away in 1914, leaving a legacy of scientific accomplishments.

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United StatesArtistAviation

Marion Rice Hart

Marion Rice Hart (10 October 1891 – July 2, 1990) was an American sportswoman, writer, and trailblazer for women in engineering and exploration. She became the first woman to graduate in chemical engineering from MIT and achieved notable accomplishments in various fields throughout her remarkable life. Marion’s accomplishments in a male-dominated field were groundbreaking, setting the stage for future generations of women in engineering. Her relentless pursuit of her passions, fearless exploration of uncharted territories, and unwavering commitment to breaking barriers have left an indelible mark on history, making her a truly remarkable and enduring figure in women’s history.

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United StatesAmerican Football

Patricia Palinkas

Patricia Palinkas (née Barczi, born 1943) is credited as the first woman to play American football professionally in a league made predominantly of men. While she may not have been a prominent figure in women’s football, her impact on breaking gender barriers in the sport is noteworthy.

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United StatesAmerican Football

Katie Hnida

Katharine Anne Hnida, known as Katie Hnida, broke barriers in American football as the first woman to score in an NCAA Division I-A game. She displayed exceptional talent in high school, catching the attention of Teen People magazine and sports journalist Rick Reilly. After facing setbacks due to illness, Hnida transferred to the University of New Mexico, where she scored two extra points in a game, solidifying her place in history. Hnida also raised awareness about sexual assault in sports, sparking important discussions and prompting universities to take action.

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United StatesAmerican FootballSoccer

Julie Harshbarger

Julie Harshbarger (born December 9, 1985) is an American football placekicker who has made a significant impact in the world of professional football. She is most known for being the first woman to score a field goal in Indoor football, as a member of the Chicago Cardinals of the Continental Indoor Football League (CIFL). Her achievements have made her an inspiration to many, breaking barriers and paving the way for other women in the sport.

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United StatesEsports

Doris Self

Doris Self (1925-2006) became the “world’s oldest video game champion” in the 1980s, showcasing her exceptional skills on the arcade game Q*bert. Her dedication to gaming and her role as an ambassador for the gaming community made her an inspiration to gamers of all ages. Her story was documented in the film “The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters,” highlighting her determination and resilience. Doris Self’s contributions to the gaming community will forever be remembered.

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United StatesGame Developer

Kim Swift

Kimberly Swift, an American video game designer, made a lasting impact on the gaming industry. From her work on iconic games like Portal and Left 4 Dead to her leadership at Valve, Swift’s innovative ideas and achievements have solidified her place as one of the most influential figures in the field.

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CanadaUnited StatesActivist

Tanya X. Short

Tanya X. Short, an influential American video game designer, co-founded Kitfox Games and has made significant contributions to the gaming industry. Her passion for gaming grew during her teenage years, leading her to pursue a career in the video game industry. Short is known for her dedication to inclusivity and has actively advocated for gender diversity and representation in game development. Her innovative approach to game design, as showcased in titles like Shattered Planet and Moon Hunters, has solidified her position as a trailblazer in the industry.

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United StatesActivistEsports

Tanya DePass

Tanya DePass, also known as Cypheroftyr, is an American journalist, activist, and streamer who has made significant contributions to the gaming industry. Dedicated to promoting diversity and inclusivity, she has written articles for respected publications, founded the nonprofit organization I Need Diverse Games, and developed the Fifth Season RPG. Despite facing harassment, she remains committed to her mission and has organized charity streams to support causes beyond gaming. DePass has received numerous awards and honors, solidifying her position as a leading figure in gaming and activism.

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CanadaUnited StatesActivist

Anita Sarkeesian

Anita Sarkeesian is a Canadian-American feminist media critic and public speaker. She is best known as the founder of Feminist Frequency, a website that hosts videos and commentary analyzing portrayals of women in popular culture. Sarkeesian’s work has had a significant impact on how women are represented in media and has sparked important discussions about gender equality.

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United StatesComputer ScientistGame Developer

Emilia Schatz

Emilia Schatz is an American video game designer known for her work at Naughty Dog. She studied computer science at the University of North Texas before starting her career in the video game industry. Schatz has been involved in the development of critically acclaimed games such as Uncharted 3: Drake’s Deception and The Last of Us Part II. In addition to her design work, she has also been a strong advocate for diversity and inclusivity in the industry.

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United StatesGame Developer

Kellee Santiago

Kellee Santiago, a Venezuelan American video game designer and producer, co-founded the renowned video game company thatgamecompany. She produced critically acclaimed games like Flow, Flower, and Journey, showcasing her unique approach to game design and storytelling. Santiago’s passion for supporting independent game developers led her to become a TED fellow and she continues to shape the gaming industry as the head of developer relations at Niantic.

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United StatesActivistEngineer

Liz Fong-Jones

Liz Fong-Jones is a prominent site reliability engineer and developer advocate known not only for her technical expertise but also for her significant contributions to labor activism and worker organization efforts within the tech industry. As the president of the board of directors of the Solidarity Fund by Coworker, she has been instrumental in supporting and empowering workers. Fong-Jones continues to inspire and advocate for the rights of workers in the tech industry, leveraging her technical expertise and passion for social justice.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanLGBTQIA

Monica Roberts

Monica Katrice Roberts, a pioneering African-American transgender rights advocate, dedicated her life to fighting for equality and justice. Through her writing and activism, she shed light on the experiences of Black trans individuals, challenged societal norms, and raised awareness of the violence and discrimination faced by transgender people. With her powerful voice and unwavering dedication, Roberts has made an indelible mark on women’s history and continues to inspire future generations of activists.

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United StatesActivistIndigenous

Heather Purser

Heather Purser, a member of the Suquamish tribe in Seattle, Washington, has been a trailblazer in the fight for marriage equality within her tribe. Despite facing challenges as a lesbian in a society that often discriminates against the LGBTQ+ community, Purser never gave up on her mission. Her efforts led to the legal recognition of same-sex marriage within the Suquamish tribe, and her activism has had a lasting impact on Native American tribes across the country. Heather Purser’s dedication to equality and social justice makes her an inspiration for future generations.

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United StatesActivistMuslim

Blair Imani

Blair Imani is an American author, historian, and activist who has made significant contributions to social activism. She focuses on fighting for equality, challenging gender and racial norms, and advocating for marginalized communities. Imani has founded organizations, worked with Planned Parenthood, and authored books that highlight the achievements of overlooked individuals. She remains dedicated to raising awareness through her writing and informative videos, and her activism during the protest in Baton Rouge showcased her resilience and determination. Blair Imani’s commitment to social justice has earned her recognition and admiration.

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United StatesActivistBroadcaster

Jazz Jennings

Jazz Jennings, an American YouTube personality, TV personality, and LGBT rights activist, gained national attention at a young age for her open and articulate perspective on being transgender. Supported by her family, Jazz has used various platforms to advocate for transgender rights and raise awareness about gender identity issues. Through her show “I Am Jazz” and her engaging YouTube videos, she has become an inspiration for others on their own journeys of self-discovery and acceptance.

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United StatesActivistFilmmaker

Fiona Dawson

Fiona Jane Dawson, born in 1977, is a renowned writer, producer, and film director who has made a significant impact on the world of documentary filmmaking. Through her passionate storytelling and dedication to shedding light on important social issues, she has earned critical acclaim and numerous accolades, establishing herself as one of the industry’s most accomplished filmmakers.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Madeline Davis

Madeline Davis, an American LGBT activist and historian, dedicated her life to advocating for gay rights and preserving the history of the lesbian community in Buffalo, New York. From co-founding the first gay rights organization in Western New York to becoming the first openly lesbian delegate at a major party national convention, Davis made significant contributions to LGBTQ+ rights. Her groundbreaking book, “Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community,” remains an important work in LGBTQ+ history.

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United StatesActivistActor

Laverne Cox

Laverne Cox, born in 1972, is an American actress and LGBT advocate. She made history as the first transgender person to be nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for her role in Orange Is the New Black. Her impactful portrayal, advocacy work, and resilience continue to inspire and empower the transgender community. Cox’s contributions to women’s history and the LGBTQ+ community cannot be overstated.

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United StatesActivistArtist

Patrisse Cullors

Patrisse Cullors-Brignac, co-founder of the Black Lives Matter movement, artist, and writer, has dedicated her life to advocating for marginalized communities and creating social change. Raised in Los Angeles, she experienced firsthand the systemic inequalities that plague marginalized communities, which ignited her passion for fighting against social injustice. With her unwavering dedication to justice and powerful advocacy, Cullors has inspired countless individuals to take action and work towards a more equitable society.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Aurelia Browder

Aurelia Shines Browder Coleman was an African-American civil rights activist born on January 29, 1919, in Montgomery, Alabama. Throughout her life, Browder played a crucial role in the fight for racial equality, leaving an indelible mark on history.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Cori Bush

Cori Anika Bush, a nurse, pastor, and Black Lives Matter activist, was born on July 21, 1976, in St. Louis, Missouri. She has made a significant impact on her community and the nation as a whole, serving as a U.S. representative for Missouri’s 1st congressional district. Bush’s journey towards political leadership began with her early education and was influenced by her politically active family. She has become a powerful force for change and representation, advocating for social justice and equality.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Lisa Ben

Edythe D. Eyde, better known as Lisa Ben, was a pioneer in the LGBT movement. She created the first known lesbian publication in North America, Vice Versa, and used her music to entertain and unite the lesbian community during a time when their voices were often silenced. Her contributions continue to inspire and remind us of the importance of representation and community.

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United StatesBusinessDisabled

Sarah Doherty

Sarah Doherty (1959-2023) was an amputee mountaineer, ski racer, motivational speaker, and entrepreneur. Despite losing her right leg at the age of 13, Sarah became a trailblazer and icon in the world of adaptive sports. Her accomplishments included becoming an accomplished skier, summiting mountains like Mount Rainier and Mount McKinley, and founding SideStix Ventures Inc., a company focused on creating innovative crutch designs. Sarah’s resilience and determination continue to inspire individuals with disabilities to pursue their dreams.

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United StatesActivistComputer Scientist

Lynn Conway

Lynn Ann Conway, an American computer scientist and transgender activist, made significant contributions to the field of computer science. She overcame personal challenges and revolutionized the computer industry through her innovative work in microchip design and instruction handling. Her journey as a transgender woman has inspired future generations and promoted diversity and inclusion in technology.

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United StatesBusinessComputer Scientist

Lisa Gelobter

Lisa Gelobter is a renowned computer scientist, technologist, and chief executive known for her groundbreaking work in the tech industry. Gelobter’s diverse background has been influential in shaping her career. Her multicultural heritage has instilled in her a deep understanding of diversity, inclusion, and the importance of equal representation. Gelobter has made significant contributions to various fields, including software development, digital services, and social impact. She has held leadership roles in both the public and private sectors, and her commitment to creating a safe and inclusive work environment has had a lasting impact on the industry. Her pioneering work in technology has paved the way for future generations of women and minorities in the industry.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Coretta Scott King

Coretta Scott King, born in 1927 in Heiberger, Alabama, was an American author, activist, and civil rights leader. She played a pivotal role in the civil rights movement and continued her advocacy for equality even after her husband, Martin Luther King Jr., was assassinated. Her tireless dedication to the cause earned her the title “First Lady of the Civil Rights Movement.”

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBasketball

Teresa Weatherspoon

Teresa Weatherspoon is an American professional basketball coach and former player who had a successful career in the Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA). She is known for her energetic play and leadership skills, and is considered one of the top players in WNBA history. Weatherspoon’s impact extends beyond her playing career, as she has also made a name for herself as a talented coach.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanGovernment

Andrea Jenkins

Andrea Jenkins is the first Black openly transgender woman elected to public office in the United States. Serving on the Minneapolis City Council since 2018 and as council president since 2022, she is a prominent figure in local governance. Jenkins has had an eventful journey from her childhood in a low-income community to becoming a trailblazing political figure and advocate for transgender rights. Her accomplishments have made a lasting impact on society, particularly for Black transgender women.

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United StatesBoxerLGBTQIA

Gina Guidi

Gina “Boom Boom” Guidi, born on May 19, 1962, in California, is a professional female boxer hailing from San Francisco. Throughout her career, she has showcased her strength, determination, and unwavering commitment to the sport, earning her the reputation as a true champion inside and outside the ring. Guidi’s impact on the world of boxing and her contributions to society extend far beyond her accolades, making her an influential figure in women’s history.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Elle Hearns

Elle Hearns (born 1986/1987) is an American transgender rights activist who has made significant contributions to the fight for social justice and equality. She co-founded the Black Lives Matter Global Network and served as a strategic partner and organizing coordinator. Additionally, she founded The Marsha P. Johnson Institute, where she currently serves as the executive director.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Andrea Hayes-Jordan

Andrea A. Hayes-Jordan Dixon is an American surgeon known for her groundbreaking work in pediatric surgery. She has saved countless lives by performing high-risk procedures and developing innovative treatments for pediatric cancer. Despite facing numerous challenges in her career, Hayes-Jordan has become a trailblazer and role model in the field, inspiring future generations of surgeons and challenging societal norms.

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United StatesActivistWrestler

Mildred Burke

Mildred Burke, an influential figure in women’s wrestling, held the NWA World Women’s Championship for nearly two decades. Despite facing personal and professional challenges, she paved the way for female athletes and left an indelible impact on women’s history. Burke’s resilience and determination earned her a well-deserved place in the WWE Hall of Fame’s Legacy Wing, the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame, and the Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Rachel Kaadzi Ghansah

Rachel Kaadzi Ghansah is a renowned American essayist known for her captivating longform journalism. In 2018, she won the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing for her compelling profile on white supremacist Dylann Roof. Ghansah’s ability to deeply analyze and understand her subjects has earned her widespread recognition and praise. She has also made significant contributions to academia through her teaching positions at top universities. Her multicultural upbringing and heritage have shaped her perspectives, making her an inspiration to aspiring female writers, particularly those from minority backgrounds. With her upcoming book and prestigious awards, Ghansah’s influence continues to grow in the literary world.

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United StatesActivistLGBTQIA

Florrie R. Burke

Florrie Burke, a renowned human rights advocate, has dedicated her life to combating human trafficking. Her sustained dedication and unparalleled leadership in this field led to her receiving the inaugural Presidential Award for Extraordinary Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons in 2013. With her expertise in victim-centered approaches and collaborative efforts between criminal justice and victim care providers, Florrie Burke has made significant contributions to the fight against modern slavery. Her impact extends beyond the United States, as she has conducted training and consultations internationally and contributed to global efforts at the UNODC in Vienna.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Henrietta Duterte

Henrietta Duterte (1817 – December 23, 1903) was an African-American funeral home owner, philanthropist, and abolitionist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was the first American woman to own a mortuary, and her business operated as a stop on the Underground Railroad. Known for her fashionable attire, Duterte played a significant role in aiding runaway slaves, using her funeral parlor as a safe haven. She was also a devoted philanthropist, making generous contributions to various organizations in her community.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Ionia Rollin Whipper

Ionia Rollin Whipper, an American obstetrician and public health outreach worker, dedicated her life to improving the health and well-being of marginalized communities, especially African-American women and their children. Overcoming significant barriers as one of the few African-American women physicians of her generation, she made lasting impacts on society and paved the way for future generations of African-American women in medicine.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanPoet

Phillis Wheatley

Phillis Wheatley Peters, an American author, was the first African-American author to publish a book of poetry. Born in West Africa and sold into enslavement at a young age, she was encouraged to pursue her talent for poetry by the Wheatley family of Boston. Her work gained fame in both England and the American colonies, with prominent figures like George Washington praising her poetry. Despite facing personal challenges, Wheatley’s legacy as a pioneering African-American author continues to inspire and pave the way for future generations.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanData Scientist

Valerie Thomas

Valerie L. Thomas is an American data scientist and inventor, known for her groundbreaking work in image processing and the invention of the illusion transmitter. She excelled in mathematics and science, graduating with a degree in physics with highest honors. Thomas played a crucial role in developing computer data systems for satellite operations and oversaw the creation of the Landsat program. She invented the illusion transmitter, which has become an indispensable tool for NASA and has found applications in various fields. Thomas’s achievements and pioneering spirit continue to inspire future generations.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDisabled

Alice of Dunk’s Ferry

Alice of Dunk’s Ferry, an African-American slave, toll collector, and centenarian, was known as “one of Black America’s early oral historians.” Despite being enslaved, Alice was respected for her sharp memory and her ability to vividly recall people, places, and events. Her recollections provided valuable insights into the development of Philadelphia. Throughout her long life, Alice had notable interactions with prominent figures and became an esteemed local historian, earning the nickname “Alice of Dunk’s Ferry”.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanReligious Leader

Delores S. Williams

Delores Seneva Williams, a pioneering American Presbyterian theologian, made a significant contribution to the development of womanist theology. Her influential book, “Sisters in the Wilderness,” examined the experiences of black women and their theological perspectives. Williams emphasized the importance of womanist thought rooted in the experiences of African-American women, challenging prevailing narratives within theological scholarship. Her work has had a lasting impact on the broader discourse on race, gender, and spirituality.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Zipporah Potter Atkins

Zipporah Potter Atkins, a free African American woman, defied societal norms by owning land in colonial Boston. Her purchase of a home in 1670 made her the first African American to own land in the city. Despite facing limited rights and opportunities, Zipporah persevered and even learned to read, leaving her mark on history as a trailblazer for African American empowerment and women’s rights.

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United StatesActorAfrican American

Octavia Spencer

Octavia Lenora Spencer (born May 25, 1970) is an American actress and producer. She is widely recognized for her incredible talent and has received numerous prestigious awards throughout her career. As the first black actress to receive two consecutive Oscar nominations, Spencer has made a significant impact on the film industry and has been a trailblazer for diversity and equality.

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United StatesEducatorJewish

Carol Meyers

Carol Lyons Meyers is an esteemed American feminist biblical scholar, known for her significant contributions to the field of religious studies. Born in 1942 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, Meyers developed a passion for learning from an early age…

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Velma Scantlebury

Dr. Velma Scantlebury GCM, the first African-American woman transplant surgeon in the United States, made history with her groundbreaking achievements in the field of surgery. Her extensive clinical experience, dedication to education, and inspiring efforts in raising awareness about organ transplant have left an indelible mark on society. She has received numerous accolades, including the prestigious “Gift of Life Award” and the Order of Barbados Gold Crown of Merit.

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TaiwanUnited StatesArchaeologist

Agnes Hsu-Tang

Agnes Hsin Mei Hsu-Tang, an archaeologist and art historian, was born in Taiwan and later became an American citizen. She has made significant contributions to the field of cultural heritage protection and rescue, advocating for the preservation of precious artifacts and historical sites.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza Rice, an American diplomat and political scientist, grew up during a time of racial segregation in the South but overcame challenges to excel academically. She held high-profile positions in the United States government, including serving as Secretary of State. Rice’s groundbreaking achievements have made a significant impact on women’s history.

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United StatesAstronautDoctor

Laurel Clark

Laurel Clark, a NASA astronaut and medical doctor, had an accomplished and driven life that was tragically cut short. She obtained her medical degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and pursued a military career, specializing in diving medicine and submarine medical officer training. Clark’s ultimate dream of journeying to space became a reality when she was selected for mission STS-107. Unfortunately, she lost her life in the catastrophic Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Clark’s dedication and sacrifice were posthumously honored with the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBiochemist

Ida Stephens Owens

Ida Stephens Owens, a trailblazing American scientist, overcame adversity to become one of the first African Americans to receive a doctorate from Duke University. Her groundbreaking research on drug-detoxifying enzymes at the National Institutes of Health has left an indelible mark on the field of biomedical research. Owens’ unwavering commitment and contributions continue to inspire future generations.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanAstronaut

Yvonne Cagle

Yvonne Darlene Cagle (born April 24, 1959) is an American physician, professor, retired U.S. Air Force Colonel, and NASA Astronaut. Cagle joined NASA as an astronaut in 1996. She is one of six African American female astronauts.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Henrietta Lacks

Henrietta Lacks, born Loretta Pleasant in 1920, had a profound impact on medical research. Despite facing numerous challenges throughout her life, Lacks is best known as the unwitting donor of the HeLa cell line, which revolutionized science and medicine. Her enduring legacy serves as a testament to the important role that individuals, like Lacks, can play in shaping the future of medicine.

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United StatesAstronomerEducator

Pamela L. Gay

Pamela L. Gay, an American astronomer, is known for her work in astronomical podcasting and citizen science projects. She has made significant contributions to galactic astronomy through her research and has a passion for science popularization and educational outreach. Pamela has also been involved in various positions within the field of astronomy education and research, and is the director of CosmoQuest.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBusiness

Sandra Lawson

Sandra Lawson, the first openly gay, female, and black rabbi in the world, has broken barriers and made significant contributions to the Jewish community and society as a whole. Throughout her life, Lawson’s passion for diversity and social justice has driven her to advocate for LGBTQ+ rights and racial equality. Her unique intersectional identity and unwavering commitment to inclusivity have inspired and challenged traditional notions of what a rabbi can be.

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United StatesActorSportscaster

Suzyn Waldman

Suzyn Waldman is an American sportscaster and former musical theater actress. She has made history in the field of sports broadcasting, becoming the first female color commentator in Major League Baseball. Throughout her more than 30-year career, Waldman has been a respected figure in the industry and has inspired future generations of female sportscasters. Her dedication and passion for the game of baseball have made her an inspiration to many.

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United StatesActorAfrican American

Gayle King

Gayle King (born December 28, 1954) is an American television personality, author, and broadcast journalist for CBS News. She is best known for co-hosting its flagship morning program, CBS Mornings, and before that its predecessor CBS This Morning. In addition, she serves as an editor-at-large for O, The Oprah Magazine. King has made a significant impact on the media landscape and has been recognized as one of the most influential personalities in recent years.

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United StatesJournalistSportscaster

Gayle Gardner

Gayle Gardner (born ca. 1950) is an American sportscaster who worked for ESPN and NBC Sports beginning in 1987 until 1993. Gardner is considered a pioneer in sports broadcasting, having been the first female sports anchor to appear weekly on a major network.

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United StatesWrestler

Beverly “Hammer” Shade

Beverly “Hammer” Shade was a prominent figure in the women’s wrestling scene who chose to remain independent from the dominant presence of Fabulous Moolah. Throughout her career, Shade achieved various accolades and formed successful partnerships with fellow wrestlers like Natasha The Hatchet Lady and Tracy Richards. She battled significant health challenges before passing away at the age of 87, leaving a lasting legacy in women’s wrestling.

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United StatesEngineer

Misha Mahowald

Michelle Anne Mahowald, known as Misha, was an American computational neuroscientist who made significant contributions to the field of neuromorphic engineering. Born on January 12, 1963, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, she was the daughter of Alfred and Joan Fischer Mahowald and had a younger sister named Sheila.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanWrestler

Marva Scott

Marva Scott, one of America’s first black female wrestlers, broke barriers and confronted prejudice head-on during the racially segregated era of the 1950s to the late 1970s. Alongside her sisters, Babs Wingo and Ethel Johnson, Marva used her platform to inspire young women of color and advocate for equal rights. Her legacy as a courageous and talented wrestler continues to inspire future generations.

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United StatesArcherDiver

Brenda Laurel

Brenda Laurel (born 1950) is an American interaction designer, video game designer, and researcher. She is an advocate for diversity and inclusiveness in video games, a “pioneer in developing virtual reality,” a public speaker, and an academic. Laurel has made significant contributions to the field of game design, particularly in the area of creating games for girls. She has also been involved in the development of virtual reality technologies and the application of augmented reality in education.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanWrestler

Ethel Johnson

Ethel Blanche Hairston, better known as Ethel Johnson, was a trailblazing figure in professional wrestling. She became the first African-American women’s champion and paved the way for others in the sport. Through her talent and determination, Ethel challenged societal norms and left a lasting legacy in the wrestling industry. She passed away in 2018 at the age of 83, but her impact continues to resonate.

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United StatesWriter

Roberta Williams

Roberta Lynn Williams, an American video game designer and writer, made significant contributions to the gaming industry. Alongside her husband, she co-founded Sierra On-Line, shaping the world of adventure gaming. Through innovative designs and captivating storytelling, Roberta played a pivotal role in popularizing graphic adventure games, leaving an indelible mark on the industry. In addition to her gaming achievements, she has received prestigious awards and is widely recognized as one of the best and most influential creators in the industry.

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United StatesWrestler

Cora Livingston

Cora Livingston, the first women’s world champion in professional wrestling, overcame adversity from a young age and embarked on a remarkable career. Her fame grew as she toured across the United States and Canada, earning a reputation as a formidable competitor. Livingston’s legacy as a trailblazer in breaking gender norms continues to inspire generations.

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United StatesEducator

Dona Bailey

Dona Bailey, an American video game programmer and educator, is best known for her role in the development of Atari’s arcade game Centipede. Her career began in 1978 when she worked for General Motors before moving to Atari, where she became the only woman on the team. Centipede, released in 1981, was a huge success and attracted both male and female players, helping to bridge the gender gap in arcade gaming. Dona Bailey’s contributions to the industry have left a lasting impact, inspiring future generations of programmers.

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United StatesComputer ScientistMathematician

Erna Schneider Hoover

Erna Schneider Hoover (born June 19, 1926) is an American mathematician who is best known for her groundbreaking work in computerized telephone switching systems. Her invention revolutionized modern communication by preventing system overloads and enabling more robust phone service during peak calling times. Throughout her career, Hoover was a trailblazer for women in the field of computer technology.

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United StatesComputer ScientistEngineer

Carol Shaw

Carol Shaw (born 1955) is one of the first female game designers and programmers in the video game industry. She is best known for creating the Atari 2600 vertically scrolling shooter River Raid (1982) for Activision. Shaw’s contributions to the gaming industry were groundbreaking and have had a lasting impact on the evolution of video games.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerAfrican American

Christine Darden

Christine Darden, an American mathematician and aeronautical engineer, dedicated her career to researching supersonic flight and sonic booms. Her groundbreaking accomplishments at NASA shattered barriers and inspired future generations of women and minorities in the field of engineering and mathematics.

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AustriaUnited StatesActor

Hedy Lamarr

Hedy Lamarr, born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler in Vienna, Austria, was an Austro-Hungarian-born American actress and inventor. She gained fame during Hollywood’s Golden Age, captivating audiences with her beauty and talent. However, Lamarr’s contributions extended beyond the film industry. During World War II, she co-developed a radio guidance system for torpedoes, which laid the groundwork for modern wireless communication technologies like Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Lamarr’s extraordinary life and achievements have cemented her as an influential figure in both entertainment and innovation.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanArcher

Kathryn Peddrew

Kathryn Peddrew was an African-American mathematician, engineer, and scientist who made significant contributions to aerospace technology and medical science. She played a crucial role in the NACA and NASA, working as a “human computer” and aerospace technologist. Her groundbreaking research at the National Institutes of Health on cancer and tuberculosis treatments helped save lives. Despite facing racial and gender barriers, Peddrew’s perseverance paved the way for future generations of minority scientists. She received numerous awards and recognition for her work throughout her career.

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United StatesWrestler

Missy Hyatt

Missy Hyatt, also known as Melissa Ann Hiatt, was a prominent figure in professional wrestling. She gained attention for her signature move of hitting her rivals with a “loaded” Gucci purse. Throughout her career, Hyatt worked with various wrestling promotions, showcasing her charismatic persona and exceptional microphone skills. Although she did not receive any awards, her impact on the wrestling industry as a valet and commentator was significant.

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CanadaUnited StatesWrestler

Luna Vachon

Luna Vachon, the American-Canadian professional wrestler, defied obstacles and pursued her dreams in the wrestling industry. Known for her intensity and unique appearance, Luna’s impact extends beyond her in-ring performances as she paved the way for future female wrestlers. She was posthumously inducted into both the WWE Hall of Fame and the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame, solidifying her legacy as a trailblazer in women’s wrestling.

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United StatesWrestler

Carlene “Jazz” Begnaud

Jazz, born Carlene Denise Moore-Begnaud, is a renowned American professional wrestler and manager. She has made significant contributions to the world of wrestling, particularly during her time at World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE), where she held the prestigious WWE Women’s Championship twice. Jazz’s powerful in-ring presence and trailblazing status have cemented her as a remarkable figure in women’s wrestling history.

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JapanUnited StatesMotorsports

Debra Ann Miceli (Madusa)

Debra Ann Miceli, also known as Madusa, is an American monster truck driver and former professional wrestler who has made significant contributions to women’s wrestling. With a career spanning several decades, Madusa’s pioneering spirit and exceptional talent have solidified her place in women’s history. She was the first woman to be awarded Pro Wrestling Illustrated’s Rookie of the Year in 1988 and held the WWF Women’s Championship three times. Madusa’s impact on the industry is undeniable, and she continues to inspire and entertain as a producer for the National Wrestling Alliance.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanWrestler

Babs Wingo

Babs Wingo, alongside her sisters Marva Scott and Ethel Johnson, was a trailblazing African-American wrestler who integrated professional wrestling in the 1950s. Their untold stories of resilience and strength helped revolutionize the sport, challenging racial and gender barriers. Babs became the first black woman to wrestle the reigning champion and emerged victorious, becoming the first interracial women’s champion. Her groundbreaking achievements paved the way for future generations of black wrestlers and left an enduring impact on professional wrestling.

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United StatesWrestler

Susan Tex Green

Susan Tex Green (born August 13, 1953) is an American professional wrestler. She began her wrestling career at the young age of 15 and was trained by The Fabulous Moolah, a prominent figure in female wrestling. Green’s talent and dedication to the sport quickly became evident, and she soon made a name for herself in the wrestling world.

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United StatesWriter

Ellen Beeman

Ellen Guon Beeman is an accomplished American fantasy and science fiction author, television screenwriter, and computer game designer/producer. Throughout her career, she has made significant contributions to the gaming industry and has left an indelible mark on the world of storytelling.

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United StatesComputer ScientistJewish

Ruth Teitelbaum

Ruth Teitelbaum was a pioneering computer programmer who made significant contributions to the field of computing during its early days. She played a vital role in programming the ENIAC computer, the first all-electronic digital computer, and helped develop ballistics software for their complex calculations. Teitelbaum’s work has had a lasting impact on the field of computing and her contributions were finally recognized through documentaries such as “Top Secret Rosies: The Female ‘Computers’ of WWII.”

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United StatesAfrican AmericanMathematician

Dorothy Vaughan

Dorothy Jean Johnson Vaughan, born in 1910 in Kansas City, Missouri, was an accomplished mathematician and a trailblazer in the field of women’s history. She was the first African-American woman to receive a promotion and supervise a group of staff at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and later NASA. Vaughan’s story gained wider recognition when she was featured in the book and movie “Hidden Figures,” highlighting her significant role in the space race. In recognition of her remarkable achievements, she was posthumously honored with the Congressional Gold Medal in 2019.

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United StatesComputer Scientist

Betty Holberton

Frances Elizabeth Holberton, known as Betty Holberton, was an American computer scientist who played a pivotal role in the early development of computers. She was one of the six original programmers of the first general-purpose electronic digital computer, ENIAC, and made significant contributions to computer programming and debugging.

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United StatesDiverEngineer

Erica Baker

Erica Joy Baker (born 1980) is an engineer in the San Francisco Bay Area, Chief Technology Officer for the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, and known for her outspoken support of diversity and inclusion. She gained prominence in 2015 for starting an internal spreadsheet where Google employees reported their salary data to better understand pay disparities within the company. Baker’s advocacy for diversity and inclusion has had a resounding impact, making her a woman to watch and an inspiration for future generations of technologists.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanArcher

Carlotta Berry

Carlotta Berry is an American academic in the field of engineering who has made significant contributions to promoting diversity and inclusion in STEM fields. As a professor of electrical and computer engineering at Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, she has dedicated her career to empowering underrepresented populations and encouraging greater participation in the engineering profession.

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United StatesActivist

Yeshimabeit Milner

Yeshimabeit “Yeshi” Milner is an American technologist and activist known for her work in leveraging data to advance social change. She is the executive director and co-founder of Data for Black Lives, an organization dedicated to using data science as a tool for racial justice. Milner’s dedication to bridging the gap between technology and social justice has made her an influential figure in the field of data science.

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IsraelUnited StatesArcher

Shafi Goldwasser

Shafi Goldwasser, an Israeli-American computer scientist, is widely recognized for her contributions to cryptography. With a Bachelor’s degree from Carnegie Mellon and a PhD from Berkeley, she collaborated with Manuel Blum to propose the Blum-Goldwasser cryptosystem. Goldwasser’s research focuses on computational complexity theory and cryptography, and she is known for her work on probabilistic encryption and zero-knowledge proofs. Notably, she received the Turing Award in 2012 for her advancements in cryptography.

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ItalyUnited StatesComputer Scientist

Maria L. Gini

Maria L. Gini is an Italian and American computer scientist known for her contributions in the fields of artificial intelligence and robotics. She has dedicated her career to advancing the field of computer science and promoting broad participation in computing.

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United StatesWriter

Amy Hennig

Amy Hennig, born in 1964, is an American video game director and script writer known for her work at Naughty Dog. Her passion for video games began in the late 1980s, and she made her design debut on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System game Michael Jordan: Chaos in the Windy City. Throughout her career, Hennig has made significant contributions to game series such as Legacy of Kain and Uncharted, showcasing her storytelling prowess and creativity. She has been recognized as one of the most influential women in the industry, setting a new standard for video game narratives and gameplay.

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United StatesWriter

Rebecca Heineman

Rebecca Ann Heineman is an American video game designer and programmer. She became the first national video game tournament champion in 1980 and went on to make significant contributions to the gaming industry. As the lead programmer of Interplay Productions, she worked on iconic games such as Wasteland and The Bard’s Tale. Heineman’s legacy as a pioneer in video game design and programming continues to inspire aspiring game developers today.

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United StatesEducatorWriter

Tracy Fullerton

Tracy Fullerton (born June 21, 1965) is an American game designer, educator, and writer. She has made significant contributions to the field of game design and is widely recognized for her expertise. Fullerton is a Professor in the USC Interactive Media & Games Division of the USC School of Cinematic Arts and serves as the Director of the Game Innovation Lab at USC. In 2014, she was appointed the Director of the USC Games Program, an interdisciplinary collaboration between the School of Cinematic Arts and the Viterbi School of Engineering at USC.

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United StatesFigure Skater

Carol Heiss

Carol Elizabeth Heiss Jenkins was born on January 20, 1940, in New York. From an early age, Heiss demonstrated a natural talent for figure skating.

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United StatesActivistWriter

Jude Milhon

Judith Milhon, known as St. Jude, was a self-taught programmer, civil rights advocate, and writer. She made significant contributions to programming and activism and played a role in the countercultural movement. Milhon’s legacy as an advocate for women in computing and civil rights remains influential today.

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United StatesActivistAerospace Engineer

Frances Northcutt

Frances “Poppy” Northcutt, an American engineer and attorney, made significant contributions to NASA’s Apollo program during the Space Race. She became the first female engineer to work in NASA’s Mission Control during the Apollo 8 mission and later transitioned to law, specializing in women’s rights. Northcutt actively advocates for abortion rights and volunteers for various organizations in Houston.

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IrelandUnited StatesComputer Scientist

Kathleen Antonelli

Kathleen Rita Antonelli, also known as Kay McNulty, was a pioneering computer programmer who made significant contributions to the early development of computing technology. Born in 1921 in Feymore, Ireland, she overcame challenges and excelled academically, ultimately becoming one of the six original programmers of the groundbreaking ENIAC computer. McNulty’s exceptional analytical skills and expertise in mathematics were instrumental in the success of the ENIAC and her work paved the way for the future of computer programming.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanComputer Scientist

Latanya Sweeney

Latanya Arvette Sweeney is a groundbreaking American computer scientist known for her research in data privacy. She is currently a professor at Harvard University and the founder of the Public Interest Tech Lab. Sweeney’s most notable achievement is the development of k-anonymity, which sparked a national conversation on data privacy. She has also had a significant impact on public policy and is committed to mentoring underrepresented groups in computer science. Sweeney has received numerous awards for her contributions to the field and continues to inspire others in technology and advocacy.

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MexicoUnited StatesActor

Salma Hayek

Salma Hayek Pinault, born on September 2, 1966, in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico, is a Mexican and American actress and film producer. She began her career in the entertainment industry with notable roles in both Mexican telenovelas and films. Hayek gained recognition in Mexico with her starring roles in the telenovela “Teresa” and the film “Midaq Alley.” She then made a successful transition to Hollywood, captivating audiences with her performances in films like “Desperado” and “Frida.” In addition to her acting prowess, Hayek is known for her activism and philanthropic work. A true powerhouse, she continues to make a significant impact both on and off the screen.

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United StatesActivist

Helen Keller

Helen Keller, born in 1880 in West Tuscumbia, Alabama, overcame the challenges of being both blind and deaf to become a symbol of hope and inspiration for people with disabilities. With the help of her teacher and lifelong companion, Anne Sullivan, Keller excelled academically and emotionally. She went on to become the first deafblind person in the United States to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree and dedicated her life to advocating for the rights of people with disabilities.

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United StatesLawyer

Haben Girma

Haben Girma is an American disability rights advocate and the first deafblind graduate of Harvard Law School. She lost her vision and hearing due to an unknown progressive condition. Despite her disabilities, she successfully advocated for her legal rights to accommodations in school, graduated magna cum laude, and became the first deafblind student to attend and graduate from Harvard Law. Girma now dedicates her life to changing attitudes about disability worldwide and increasing accessibility for people with disabilities.

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United StatesActivistWriter

Lizzie Velásquez

Elizabeth Anne Velásquez is a resilient American motivational speaker and activist, who was born with an extremely rare congenital disease. Despite enduring severe bullying and cyberbullying, she transformed adversity into personal growth and empowerment. Lizzie has become a beacon of hope, advocating for kindness, self-acceptance, and anti-bullying. Her incredible journey and remarkable achievements have left an indelible mark on women’s history.

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United StatesJournalist

Diane Rehm

Diane Rehm (/?ri?m/; born Diane Aed; September 21, 1936) is an American journalist and a prominent figure in the world of public radio. She has made significant contributions to journalism and has had a lasting impact on society through her work. From her early days as a radio dispatcher to her decades as the host of “The Diane Rehm Show” on National Public Radio (NPR), Rehm has consistently shown a dedication to open dialogue and thoughtful conversation.

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United StatesBasketballCoach

Sue Gunter

Sue Gunter (May 22, 1939 – August 4, 2005) was an American women’s college basketball coach, best known for her tenure as the head coach of the Louisiana State University (LSU) Lady Tigers basketball team. Gunter’s impact on women’s basketball and her legacy as a coach make her an important figure in the sport’s history.

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RussiaUnited StatesBasketball

Becky Hammon

Rebecca Lynn Hammon, known as Becky Hammon, is an American-Russian professional basketball coach and former player. She was born on March 11, 1977, in Rapid City, South Dakota. Hammon is currently the head coach of the Las Vegas Aces of the Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA).

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United StatesBasketballCoach

Jody Conradt

Addie Jo “Jody” Conradt, born in 1941 in Goldthwaite, Texas, is a retired women’s basketball coach who had a profound impact on collegiate basketball. With a passion for sports instilled by her athletic parents, Conradt excelled on the basketball court from a young age. She went on to have a successful career as a coach at the University of Texas, achieving numerous milestones and leaving a lasting legacy in women’s basketball.

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United StatesBasketballCoach

Rose Marie Battaglia

Rose Marie Battaglia was an influential American basketball coach who made significant contributions to the sport at both the high school and college levels. Known for her passion and dedication, she left a lasting impact on the basketball community and was recognized for her accomplishments throughout her career. Battaglia’s coaching career was marked by numerous achievements and well-deserved recognitions, including her induction into the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame in 2018. She will forever be remembered as a trailblazer and an icon in women’s basketball.

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United StatesBasketball

Sally Bell

Sally Bell is a trailblazing figure in the world of women’s basketball officiating. Born on March 12, 1953, in Atlanta, Georgia, Sally developed a passion for sports at an early age.

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United StatesBasketball

Cynthia Cooper-Dyke

Cynthia Lynne Cooper-Dyke, born on April 14, 1963, is an iconic figure in the world of basketball. With numerous championships and accolades to her name, she is widely regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of the sport.

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United StatesActivistAsian American

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, also known as AOC, is an American politician and activist. Born on October 13, 1989, she has made significant contributions to American society since taking office as the U.S. representative for New York’s 14th congressional district in 2019. As a member of the Democratic Party, Ocasio-Cortez’s impact on politics and her dedication to public service have made her a prominent figure in modern American history.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanJournalist

Mary White Ovington

Mary White Ovington, born in Brooklyn in 1865, was a suffragist, journalist, and one of the co-founders of the NAACP. As a passionate advocate for civil rights, Ovington dedicated her life to fighting for equality, particularly in education and employment for African-Americans. Her involvement in the civil rights movement and her contributions to the suffrage cause made her a notable figure in the early 20th century.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Fannie Lou Hamer

Fannie Lou Hamer, a prominent civil rights activist, dedicated her life to fighting for racial and gender equality. Despite facing poverty and discrimination, she persevered and became actively involved in voter registration drives and community organizing efforts. Hamer co-founded the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party and played a vital role in organizing Mississippi’s Freedom Summer. Her legacy as an advocate for justice and empowerment continues to inspire future generations.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Gwen Carr

Gwen Carr (born 1949) is an American activist, public speaker, and author. She is known for her tireless advocacy in the fight against police brutality and for justice in the United States. Carr’s life changed forever on July 17, 2014, when her son, Eric Garner, was killed by a New York Police Department officer during an arrest.

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United StatesActivistWriter

Anna Elizabeth Dickinson

Anna Elizabeth Dickinson was a pioneering American orator and advocate for the abolition of slavery and women’s rights. Her impactful political addresses, including being the first woman to speak before the United States Congress, contributed to the Republican Party’s success in the pivotal 1863 elections. Through her powerful speaking skills and unwavering determination, Dickinson left an indelible mark on the fight for equality and social justice in America.

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JapanUnited StatesAfrican American

Sophia Danenberg

Sophia Danenberg, the first African American and first black woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest, is a trailblazer in the world of mountaineering. Her remarkable achievement not only established her as a pioneering figure in the mountaineering community but also inspired countless individuals to break barriers and pursue their dreams.

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United StatesRock Climber

Sasha DiGiulian

Sasha DiGiulian (born October 23, 1992) is a professional rock climber who has achieved remarkable success in her sport. Her accomplishments range from winning championships to setting new records in climbing. In addition to her outstanding performance, DiGiulian has had a significant impact on the world of rock climbing and has been an influential figure in women’s history.

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United StatesMountaineer

Annie Smith Peck

Annie Smith Peck was an American mountaineer, adventurer, suffragist, and noted speaker. She dedicated her life to breaking barriers and challenging societal norms, becoming a trailblazer in various fields. Peck’s indomitable spirit and relentless pursuit of her passions left an enduring mark on society and paved the way for future generations of women.

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United StatesRock Climber

Alex Johnson

Alexandra Johnson, known as Alex Johnson, was born on April 3, 1989, in Hudson, Wisconsin. She became one of the most accomplished American climbers, winning multiple championships and earning recognition for her exceptional skills. Her dedication, talent, and achievements have made her an inspiration to climbers worldwide, especially women.

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United StatesRock Climber

Angie Payne

Angela Payne, born on November 6, 1984, is an American rock climber known for her expertise in bouldering. She holds the distinction of being the first-ever female to climb an 8B (V13) boulder, a remarkable achievement in the history of the sport. Payne’s talent and dedication were evident in her podium finishes and victories in individual competitions, solidifying her status as one of the top climbers in the world.

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United StatesRock Climber

Katie Brown

Katie Brown (born 1981) is an American female rock climber known for her notable ascents in sport climbing, trad, and bouldering. At the age of 13, she began her journey in sport climbing and quickly showcased her immense talent by winning the X Games at the tender age of 14. Brown’s consistent victories and impressive achievements, including an onsight ascent of Half Dome, solidified her reputation as one of the most talented climbers of her generation. Her impact on climbing, as well as her recognition in mainstream media, has inspired countless individuals.

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United StatesRock Climber

Margo Hayes

Margo Hayes (born February 11, 1998) is an American professional rock climber from Boulder, Colorado. Known for her remarkable achievements in the sport, Hayes has made history as the first woman to accomplish various climbing feats. Her passion for climbing began at a young age, and she went on to become one of the most influential figures in the climbing community.

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United StatesMountaineer

Melissa Arnot

Melissa Arnot Reid (born December 18, 1983) is an American mountaineer known for her accomplishments in climbing some of the world’s tallest mountains. She has climbed to the summit of Mount Everest six times, making her one of the most successful female climbers in history.

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United StatesJockey

Donna Barton Brothers

Donna Barton Brothers, born in 1966 in Alamogordo, New Mexico, is a former jockey and horse racing analyst. With a family deeply involved in the sport, including her mother who was one of the first licensed female jockeys, Donna followed in their footsteps and had a successful career as a jockey herself. After retiring, she transitioned into television broadcasting and became a familiar face providing insightful analysis and conducting interviews with winning jockeys. Donna’s contributions have made her an inspiration to aspiring female jockeys and have left a lasting impact on the history of women in horse racing.

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United StatesAstronautPhysicist

Shannon Walker

Shannon Walker (born June 4, 1965) is an American physicist and NASA astronaut. She has made significant contributions to the field of space exploration and has served as an inspiration for women in STEM. Walker’s career has been marked by numerous accomplishments, overcoming challenges, and making a lasting impact on society.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerAfrican American

Joan Higginbotham

Joan Elizabeth Higginbotham, born on August 3, 1964, in Chicago, Illinois, became a renowned NASA astronaut. Throughout her career, she actively participated in 53 space shuttle launches during her 9-year tenure at Kennedy Space Center. Her groundbreaking achievements serve as a testament to the power of determination and hard work. She has paved the way for future generations, especially women, to pursue careers in space exploration.

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United StatesBasketball

Nera White

Nera D. White, one of the greatest female basketball players in history, left an indelible impact on the sport. With an impressive record of ten AAU national championships, Nera’s skills on the court were unparalleled. She was not only an exceptional athlete but also a versatile softball player, making her mark in multiple positions. Nera’s influence extended beyond sports, inspiring future generations of women athletes. She was rightfully honored with induction into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame and the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame.

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United StatesAviationPilot

Phoebe Omlie

Phoebe Jane Fairgrave Omlie was an American aviation pioneer who broke numerous gender barriers in the field. She was the first woman to receive an airplane mechanic’s license, the first licensed female transport pilot, and the first woman to be appointed to a federal position in aviation. Her remarkable accomplishments and contributions to the aviation industry continue to inspire future generations of women.

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United StatesBasketball

Natalie Williams

Natalie Jean Williams, an American basketball executive and former player in the WNBA, has made significant contributions to both basketball and volleyball. She excelled in both sports in college, becoming the first woman to receive All-America honors in both basketball and volleyball in the same year. Williams’ impact on the court continued at the professional level, where she earned accolades and set records in the ABL. As an executive, she currently serves as the General Manager of the WNBA’s Las Vegas Aces, shaping the future of the league.

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United StatesGeologist

Marie Tharp

Marie Tharp, an American geologist and oceanographic cartographer, made groundbreaking contributions to the field of earth science. Her collaboration with geologist Bruce Heezen produced the first scientific map of the Atlantic Ocean floor, revealing the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and providing evidence for plate tectonics. Despite facing skepticism and discrimination, Tharp’s dedication and persistence allowed her to pave the way for women in science and revolutionize our understanding of Earth’s geology. Her legacy continues to inspire scientists and women in STEM fields worldwide.

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United StatesBasketball

Chamique Holdsclaw

Chamique Holdsclaw, born in 1977, is a retired American professional basketball player who left a lasting impact on the WNBA. Known for her exceptional skills, Holdsclaw’s journey is characterized by personal triumphs and challenges. She became a star player in high school and continued her success at the University of Tennessee, where she helped secure three consecutive Women’s Basketball Championships. Holdsclaw’s basketball career extended to the professional level, and she has also been a resilient advocate for mental health. In recognition of her achievements, she was inducted into the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame in 2018.

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United StatesGeologistPhysicist

Maria Zuber

Maria T. Zuber, an American geophysicist, has made significant contributions to the field of planetary sciences. She grew up in Summit Hill, Pennsylvania, in a coal mining community which later influenced her career path. Zuber’s passion for science led her to pursue higher education at the University of Pennsylvania and later at Brown University, where she earned her Sc.M. and Ph.D. degrees in geophysics. Throughout her career, Zuber has played a key role in NASA planetary missions and has made groundbreaking advancements in our understanding of the solar system. Her accomplishments have not only established her as a leading figure in geophysics but also as an inspiration for future generations of women in STEM.

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United StatesBasketballBroadcaster

Mimi Griffin

Mimi Griffin is a trailblazing figure who played a vital role in revolutionizing the coverage of women’s basketball on television. As the first broadcast expert for women’s basketball, she served as its defining face during its early exposure on television. Her immense contributions to the sport laid the foundation and groundwork for its growth and popularity on the small screen.

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United StatesEducatorGeologist

Florence Bascom

Florence Bascom was a pioneer for women in geology and education in America. She earned two bachelor’s degrees, a master’s degree, and became the second woman to earn a PhD in geology in the United States. Bascom’s innovative findings in the field of geology and her influential role in developing the geology department at the University of Wisconsin have led her to be considered the “first woman geologist in America.”

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United StatesBasketball

Clarissa Davis Wrightsil

Clarissa Davis Wrightsil, also known as Clarissa Davis, is a former Texas women’s basketball All-American who made an indelible mark on the sport. She was a two-time winner of the Naismith College Player of the Year award and was honored as a member of both the NCAA and Southwest Conference “Team of the Decade” for the 1980s. Her lasting impact on women’s basketball led to her induction into the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame in 2006.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerAviation

E. Lilian Todd

E. Lilian Todd, born in Washington, D.C. in 1865, was the world’s first female airplane designer. Her passion for invention began at a young age, and her groundbreaking work took flight in 1910. Todd’s contribution as the first woman to design airplanes paved the way for generations of female aviators and broke gender barriers in a predominantly male industry.

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United StatesEngineer

Linda Miller

Linda Jean Miller OBE, born in 1961, is an accomplished American civil engineer who has made significant contributions to the field. With more than 25 years of experience, Miller has played a crucial role in various engineering projects, leaving a lasting impact on society. One of her notable projects was the Boston Central Artery, and she was recognized as one of the Top 50 Influential Women in Engineering in the UK in 2016. Miller’s dedication to promoting gender equality in engineering has earned her the WISE Campaign 2016 Woman of the Year Award and an Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 2017.

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United KingdomUnited StatesLawyer

Barbara Judge

Barbara Thomas Judge, Lady Judge CBE (née Singer; 28 December 1946 – 31 August 2020), was an American-British lawyer and businesswoman. Known for her dedication to breaking barriers and promoting gender equality, she became the first female chairman of the Institute of Directors and held leadership roles in various organizations. Her philanthropic contributions and commitment to empowering women have left a lasting impact on society.

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GermanyTongaUnited States

Lei’D Tapa

Seini Draughn, known as Lei’D Tapa, is a German-born Tongan American professional wrestler, model, mixed martial artist, and former women’s American football player. She gained fame for her time with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) under the ring name Lei’D Tapa. Her dominance in various sports, including jousting and volleyball, along with her aggression in professional wrestling, challenges gender stereotypes and inspires others to pursue their passions.

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United StatesSinger

Sami Grisafe

Samantha Linda “Sami” Grisafe (born March 26, 1985) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, women’s football player, activist, and actor. She has made significant contributions in both the music industry and women’s sports, becoming a symbol of empowerment and breaking barriers in traditionally male-dominated fields.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanAmerican Football

Linda Jefferson

Linda Jefferson, a trailblazer in women’s football, broke through societal barriers with her exceptional talent and athleticism. As a member of the Toledo Troopers in the 1970s, Jefferson’s electrifying performances captivated football fans nationwide. Her six-year winning streak and numerous accolades solidify her status as a symbol of excellence and inspiration for women in sports. Inducted into the Semi-Pro Football Hall of Fame and the American Association Football Hall of Fame, Jefferson shattered glass ceilings and paved the way for future generations of female athletes.

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United StatesAviationPilot

Jerrie Mock

Geraldine “Jerrie” Fredritz Mock, the first woman to fly solo around the world, made history in 1964 with her daring expedition. Her flight path covered 21 stopovers across nearly 22,860 miles, capturing the world’s attention and paving the way for future female aviators. Her legacy as an aviation pioneer and trailblazer remains an inspiration to this day.

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United StatesVietnamEngineer

Bich-Yen Nguyen

Bich-Yen Nguyen, a Vietnamese electronics engineer, has made significant contributions to the field of advanced materials and technologies for integrated circuits. Born into a humble background, Nguyen’s life journey is a tale of determination, resilience, and impactful innovations.

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United StatesAerospace Engineer

Missy Cummings

Mary Louise “Missy” Cummings is an accomplished American academic and trailblazer in her field. She earned her Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics in 1988 from the United States Naval Academy and later obtained a Master of Science in space systems engineering in 1994 from the Naval Postgraduate School. Cummings went on to complete her PhD in systems engineering in 2004 from the University of Virginia. Throughout her career, she has made significant contributions to the field of autonomous technologies and robotics, and her expertise has garnered her numerous accolades and recognition.

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United StatesMathematician

Violet B. Haas

Violet Bushwick Haas was a pioneering American applied mathematician who dedicated her career to advocating for women in STEM fields. She became a professor at Purdue University College of Engineering and made significant contributions to control theory and optimal estimation. Her resilience and dedication to supporting women students in engineering have left an indelible mark on the field of mathematics.

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United StatesEngineer

Virginia Sink

Virginia Sink (September 14, 1913 – November 20, 1986) was an American chemical engineer and the first woman automotive engineer at Chrysler. Sink’s dedication to a cleaner and more sustainable automotive industry led her to co-develop Chrysler’s Cleaner Air Package, making her a pioneer in environmental engineering. Her groundbreaking work and numerous awards have inspired future generations of female engineers.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerEngineer

Marjorie Townsend

Marjorie Townsend was a pioneering figure in the field of space exploration, becoming the first woman to manage a spacecraft launch for NASA. She made significant contributions to the development and launch of the first satellite designed for x-ray astronomy, Uhuru, and played a vital role in the success of the Small Astronomy Satellite program. Her remarkable journey as an electrical engineer and space exploration pioneer continues to inspire and empower future generations.

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United StatesBoxer

Elena Reid

Elena A. Reid, born in 1981 in Phoenix, Arizona, displayed a passion for sports from a young age. She excelled in soccer, karate, and boxing, even winning the Arizona State Kickboxing Title at the age of 17. Throughout her career in both boxing and mixed martial arts, Reid’s determination and tenacity set her apart as a formidable opponent.

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United StatesDiverDiving

Kelly McCormick

Kelly McCormick, born on February 13, 1960, in Anaheim, California, had diving in her blood. She began her journey as a gymnast but quickly fell in love with diving. She went on to become one of the greatest divers of her time, winning numerous championships and medals, including a silver medal at the 1984 Olympics. Despite facing challenges and injuries, Kelly’s determination and talent left an indelible mark on the sport.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerBiologist

Lois Graham

Lois Graham (1925-2013) was a pioneering professor of thermodynamics and cryogenics. She was the first woman in the United States to earn a mechanical engineering PhD and dedicated her career to recruiting young women into science and engineering. Graham founded IIT’s Women in Science and Engineering program and taught for nearly four decades, leaving behind a lasting legacy of empowerment and progress.

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United StatesActivistChemist

Gretchen Kalonji

Gretchen Lynn Kalonji, born in 1953 in Chicago, Illinois, is an American materials scientist and academic administrator. Throughout her career, she has made significant contributions to the field of materials science and has held notable positions in academia and international organizations. Kalonji’s diverse upbringing and experiences in different cultures have shaped her perspectives and fostered her curiosity. She is also known for her activism, particularly in advocating against apartheid in South Africa.

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United StatesBiochemistEngineer

Frances Arnold

Frances Hamilton Arnold, an American chemical engineer and Nobel Laureate, has made significant contributions to the field of bioengineering. She currently holds the prestigious position of Linus Pauling Professor at the California Institute of Technology. In 2018, Arnold was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her pioneering work in the use of directed evolution to engineer enzymes. Her groundbreaking research and commitment to advancing the field of bioengineering have solidified her position as one of the most respected and influential scientists of her time.

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United StatesEngineer

Lois Aileen Bey

Lois Aileen Bey, an American chemical engineer, faced sexism throughout her life but went on to make history as the first woman to graduate from the chemical engineering program at Illinois Institute of Technology. Her determination and resilience have inspired countless individuals to pursue their passions and overcome obstacles. Bey’s groundbreaking accomplishment challenged societal norms and paved the way for future generations of women in engineering and STEM fields.

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United StatesEngineer

Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau

Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau (1910-2000) was an American chemical engineer who designed the first commercial penicillin production plant. She was the first female member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Her groundbreaking work in the development of deep-tank fermentation of penicillium mold enabled large-scale production of penicillin, saving countless lives during World War II. She continued to make significant contributions to the field of chemical engineering throughout her career, leaving an indelible mark on women’s history.

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United StatesAerospace Engineer

Susan G. Finley

Susan G. Finley, a native Californian, is widely recognized as the longest-serving woman in NASA. Since January 1958, she has been an integral member of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), contributing her expertise and dedication to various space exploration missions. With a career spanning over six decades, Finley has played a crucial role in advancing our understanding of the cosmos and pushing the boundaries of scientific achievement.

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United StatesHigh JumperTrack & Field

Alice Coachman

Alice Coachman Davis, the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal, faced discrimination and barriers throughout her athletic career. Despite these challenges, she remained determined to pursue her passion for sports. Her achievements in high jump and other track events, as well as her resilience and positive spirit, continue to inspire women in sports today.

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United StatesSwimmer

Sharon Wichman

Sharon Lynn Wichman, known as Sharon Jones after marriage, is a former American competition swimmer and Olympic champion. At the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, she made history with her exceptional performance in the pool. Wichman’s talent flourished under the coaching of Stefan Hunyadfi, and she went on to win the gold medal in the 200-meter breaststroke event, setting a new Olympic record. Her legacy as an Olympic champion and trailblazer for American women in swimming continues to inspire generations of athletes.

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United StatesSwimmerWriter

Lynne Cox

Lynne Cox is an American long-distance open-water swimmer, writer, and speaker. Born on January 2, 1957, she has made remarkable achievements throughout her career that have not only pushed the boundaries of human endurance but also had a significant impact on international relations.

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United StatesSwimmer

Maurine Kornfeld

Maurine Kornfeld, a remarkable figure in the world of swimming, is an embodiment of determination, passion, and resilience. Born and raised in Great Falls, Montana, Kornfeld’s love for the water started at an early age. However, it wasn’t until she reached her sixties that she truly embraced swimming and embarked on a Masters Swimming journey that would redefine her life.

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United StatesSwimmer

Penny Dean

Penny Lee Dean is an American long-distance swimmer who has left an indelible mark on the world of open water swimming. Her career began at a young age when she embarked on a formidable swim across the frigid waters of San Francisco Bay at the tender age of 10. Little did the world know that this was just the beginning of a remarkable journey that would see Dean achieve numerous world records and blaze new trails in the sport.

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United StatesTennis

Marion Jones Farquhar

Marion Jones Farquhar, born in 1879, was an American tennis player who made significant contributions to the sport in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She achieved success in both singles and mixed doubles, winning multiple U.S. women’s tennis titles and becoming the first American woman to win an Olympic medal. Beyond tennis, Farquhar also had a passion for music and the arts, leaving an indelible mark on society.

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United StatesBaseball

Lizzie Murphy

Mary Elizabeth Murphy, known as “The Queen of Baseball,” was a trailblazing athlete who made history as the first woman to play professional baseball alongside male athletes. Born on April 13, 1894, in Warren, Rhode Island, Lizzie Murphy’s athleticism was evident from a young age. She excelled in various sports, including running, skating, swimming, and most notably, baseball.

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ItalyUnited StatesBaseball

Maud Nelson

Maud Nelson, a trailblazing Italian-born American professional woman baseball pitcher, left an indelible mark on women’s baseball during a time when women’s participation in the sport was still met with resistance. Nelson’s dominance as a pitcher and manager for various teams, including the Chicago Stars and the Western Bloomer Girls, showcased her undeniable talent, determination, and resilience. Her impact on the sport and her role in expanding opportunities for women athletes solidify her place in women’s history.

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United StatesSkier

Mikaela Shiffrin

Mikaela Pauline Shiffrin, born in Vail, Colorado in 1995, comes from a skiing family and showed remarkable potential from an early age. She has since become one of the greatest alpine skiers in history, breaking records and winning numerous accolades, including two Olympic gold medals. Shiffrin’s impact extends beyond her sport, inspiring young athletes and being recognized as one of the most influential people in the world. Her journey is a testament to her determination and passion for skiing.

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United StatesRodeo

Pat North Ommert

Pat North Ommert, a renowned rodeo trick rider born in Bell, California in 1929, has captivated audiences worldwide with her daring stunts and breathtaking performances. With a career spanning several decades, Ommert’s contributions to the world of rodeo and her dedication to preserving California’s horse trails have solidified her place in women’s history.

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United StatesWeight Lifting

Meredith Alwine

Meredith Leigh Alwine, an accomplished American weightlifter, was born on June 8, 1998. Throughout her career, she has made significant contributions to the world of weightlifting, achieving remarkable success and leaving a lasting impact on the sport.

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United StatesActivist

Eagle Woman

Eagle Woman, also known as Wa?blí Ayútepiwi? or Matilda Picotte Galpin, was a prominent Lakota activist, diplomat, trader, and translator. She played a crucial role in mediating conflicts between white settlers, the United States government, and the Sioux, making her a key figure in the history of Native American relations with the U.S. She is widely recognized as the only woman to be acknowledged as a chief among the Sioux. Despite facing numerous challenges, she remained dedicated to her community until her passing in 1888, leaving behind a powerful legacy as a tireless advocate for Native American rights.

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United StatesIndigenousNative American

Awashonks

Awashonks was a saunkskwa, a female sachem (chief) of the Sakonnet tribe in Rhode Island. She was known for her talent for negotiation and diplomacy, and played a crucial role in securing amnesty for Native communities from English colonists. Despite challenges from rivals and the English, Awashonks maintained her leadership and power. She had two husbands and several children, including Mammanuah, who became the reigning sachem after her.

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United StatesDisabledSkier

Gretchen Fraser

Gretchen Kunigk Fraser, born on February 11, 1919, in Tacoma, Washington, was a pioneering American alpine ski racer who became the first American to win an Olympic gold medal in skiing. Her notable accomplishments on the slopes, as well as her contributions to the world of skiing and her work with disabled athletes, have left a lasting impact on the sport.

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United StatesActorSinger

Auliʻi Cravalho

Chloe Auliʻi Cravalho, born on November 22, 2000, is an American actress and singer from Kohala, Hawaii. She is of Native Hawaiian, Puerto Rican, Portuguese, Chinese, and Irish descent. Cravalho made her acting debut as the voice of the title character in the Disney animated musical film “Moana” in 2016. Her exceptional performance in the film catapulted her to fame and established her as a rising star in the industry.

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United StatesSkateboarder

Ellen Oneal

Ellen Oneal, a pioneering figure in skateboarding, shattered gender stereotypes in the 1970s. From San Diego, she became one of the most prominent female skateboarders of her time, securing endorsements from prestigious brands like Vans and gaining recognition for her unique style. Regrettably, Ellen’s unexpected passing in October 2020 left a significant void in the skateboarding community, but her impact on the sport and her influence on future generations of female skateboarders remain unrivaled.

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United StatesSkateboarder

Laura Thornhill

Laura Thornhill is a renowned figure in the world of skateboarding, known for her achievements as a professional skateboarder during the 1970s. Born on April 13, 1963, in Redondo Beach, California, Laura’s passion for skateboarding emerged at a young age. At just 13 years old, Laura’s exceptional skills were recognized by Danny Bearer, who recruited her to join Logan Earth Ski.

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United StatesSkateboarder

Patti McGee

Patti McGee (born August 23, 1945) is a trailblazing figure in the world of skateboarding. She made history as the first National Skateboard Champion for women in 1964, a feat that solidified her place in skateboarding history.

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United StatesActivistArtist

Peggy Oki

Peggy E. Oki is an American skateboarder, surfer, artist, and environmental activist. As an original member of the Z-Boys, she broke barriers and paved the way for female skateboarders. Oki’s impact extended beyond skateboarding as she founded the Origami Whales Project to raise awareness about commercial whaling. Her legacy as a trailblazer and advocate for the environment continues to inspire others.

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United StatesSkateboarder

Ellen Berryman

Ellen Berryman, an influential figure in the world of skateboarding, was born and raised in Encinitas, California. Her journey in skateboarding began in 1975 when her sister introduced her to the vibrant skate scene at La Costa. Inspired by the smooth downhill paradise and the camaraderie of the skaters, Ellen decided to try her hand at skateboarding.

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United StatesSkateboarder

Robin Logan

Robin Logan, one of skateboarding’s founding female pioneers, began her journey in skateboarding at a young age. She made history by becoming the first female to land a kickflip and her impressive performances in competitions solidified her status as one of the leading female skaters of her time. Robin used her platform to raise awareness of women’s participation in skateboarding and continues to be a dedicated advocate for the sport to this day.

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United StatesSkateboarder

Elissa Steamer

Elissa Steamer, a trailblazing figure in the world of skateboarding, has made a significant impact on the sport and women’s history. Born in Fort Myers, Florida, United States, Steamer discovered her passion for skateboarding in 1989. She frequented a small city-owned skate park on Grand Avenue, embracing the rebellious nature of the sport from an early age.

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United StatesSkateboarder

Deanna Calkins

Deanna Calkins, born in Inglewood, California in 1959, is a slalom icon in the world of skateboarding. Her passion for the sport began just two months before graduating from South High School in Torrance, in 1977. It didn’t take long for Deanna to discover the slalom course at Skateboard World in Torrance, where her talent quickly emerged.

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United StatesSkateboarder

Jana Payne-Booker

Jana Payne-Booker, a legendary figure in skateboarding, was born and raised in Anaheim, California. She discovered her passion for skateboarding at an early age and quickly excelled in the sport. Her unique style and fearlessness on radical terrains broke gender stereotypes and earned her recognition. However, her journey was also marked by trauma, as she courageously shared her experience as a survivor of childhood sexual assault. Despite her hardships, Jana’s resilience and advocacy have made her an inspiration and symbol of empowerment in the skateboarding community.

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Costa RicaUnited StatesEngineer

Sandra Cauffman

Sandra Cauffman, a Costa Rican-American specialist in electrical engineering and physics, has made significant contributions to the field of space science throughout her career. Born on May 10, 1962, in Costa Rica, Cauffman grew up in a one-parent home with limited resources in Hatillo. Despite the challenges she faced, Cauffman never gave up on her passion for space science. Inspired by the first Moon landing, she declared to her mother that she too wanted to explore the mysteries of the universe.

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United StatesActorAfrican American

Wanda Sykes

Wanda Sykes is a renowned American stand-up comedian, actress, and writer. With her sharp wit and comedic talent, she gained recognition for her work on The Chris Rock Show. Sykes has made notable contributions to television and film with her exceptional acting skills, earning nominations for prestigious awards. As an African-American woman in comedy, she has broken barriers and inspired others, making her an influential figure in society.

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United StatesActorComedian

Jane Lynch

Jane Marie Lynch is an American actress, comedian, and singer who has made a significant impact on the entertainment industry. Known for her versatility and comedic timing, Lynch has showcased her exceptional talent and comedic genius in various roles, from her iconic portrayal of Sue Sylvester in the musical comedy series Glee to her memorable performances in Christopher Guest’s mockumentary films. Lynch’s contributions to the industry have earned her numerous awards and accolades, solidifying her status as one of the most talented and versatile actresses of her generation.

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United StatesActorDancer

JoJo Siwa

JoJo Siwa, born in 2003 in Omaha, Nebraska, is an American dancer, singer, actress, and YouTuber. With her infectious energy and positive attitude, she has become a role model for young fans worldwide. JoJo’s journey in the entertainment industry began at a young age, and she has since achieved remarkable success in dancing, singing, and creating engaging content on YouTube. She is also known for her advocacy against online bullying and has received several awards in recognition of her talent and impactful work.

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United StatesActorSinger

Queen Latifah

Dana Elaine Owens, known by her stage name Queen Latifah, is an accomplished American rapper, actress, and singer. With her remarkable talent, she has made a lasting impact on the music and film industries. Latifah’s groundbreaking work, including albums such as “Black Reign” and her roles in films like “Set It Off” and “Chicago,” have earned her critical acclaim and numerous prestigious awards. She is also known for her advocacy for social justice and empowerment.

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United StatesAstronomer

Anna Winlock

Anna Winlock (1857-1904) was a pioneering American astronomer and human computer who made significant contributions to astronomy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As one of the first members of “the Harvard Computers,” a group of female astronomers, she played a vital role in making groundbreaking discoveries. Winlock’s work included creating a catalog of stars near the poles and conducting studies on asteroids such as 433 Eros and 475 Ocllo. Despite facing numerous challenges, she persevered in her passion for astronomy, leaving behind a legacy of excellence.

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United StatesAstronomer

Charlotte Moore Sitterly

Charlotte Emma Moore Sitterly was an American astronomer born on September 24, 1898, in Ercildoun, Pennsylvania. She became known for her groundbreaking spectroscopic studies of the Sun and chemical elements. Her meticulous tables of data, known for their reliability, are still widely used today.

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United StatesAstronomer

Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin

Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin was a British-born American astronomer and astrophysicist who revolutionized our understanding of stars and the universe. Her groundbreaking research challenged existing scientific beliefs and laid the foundation for modern astrophysics. Despite facing numerous obstacles in a male-dominated field, Payne’s determination and passion for astronomy propelled her to great heights, making her an enduring figure in the history of astronomy and astrophysics.

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United StatesAstronomer

Catharine Garmany

Catharine “Katy” D. Garmany, born in 1946, is an accomplished astronomer who has made significant contributions to the field of astrophysics. Her research focuses on massive stars and their evolution and formation, as well as astronomical education. Garmany’s expertise has earned her recognition within the scientific community and beyond, inspiring future generations of astronomers. She received the prestigious Annie J. Cannon Award in Astronomy from the American Astronomical Society in 1976.

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United StatesAstronomer

Williamina Fleming

Williamina Paton Stevens Fleming was a Scottish-American astronomer who overcame hardships to make significant contributions to the field of astronomy. Working at the Harvard College Observatory, she was appointed the head of the Henry Draper Catalogue project and developed a simplified system for star classification. Fleming’s work included cataloging thousands of stars, discovering the Horsehead Nebula, and advancing the field of astronomy for future generations. She received several awards for her achievements, breaking barriers for women in science.

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United StatesJournalist

Gloria Steinem

Gloria Marie Steinem, an American journalist and social-political activist, was born on March 25, 1934, in Toledo, Ohio. She is renowned for emerging as a nationally recognized leader of second-wave feminism in the United States during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Steinem’s contributions to the feminist movement have made a profound impact on society, challenging traditional gender roles and advocating for gender equality.

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United KingdomUnited StatesActivist

Lucy Burns

Lucy Burns was a passionate American suffragist and women’s rights advocate. She played a crucial role in the United States and the United Kingdom suffrage movements, ultimately co-founding the National Woman’s Party with Alice Paul. Burns endured arrests and physical abuse while fighting for women’s rights, and her unwavering commitment made her a significant figure in women’s history.

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United StatesWriter

Fanny Bixby Spencer

Born in Los Angeles in 1879, Fanny Bixby Spencer was a wealthy philanthropist and anti-war writer. She became one of the country’s earliest policewomen, joining the Long Beach police force in 1908. Fanny dedicated her life to philanthropy, making significant contributions to various causes. Her $2.5 million estate, the largest ever probated in Orange County at the time, reflected her commitment to improving society and fighting for social justice.

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United StatesActivistLaw Enforcement

Lola Baldwin

Lola Baldwin, a pioneering American woman, defied societal norms and became one of the first policewomen in the United States. With an unwavering dedication to improving the lives of vulnerable women, she left a lasting impact on women’s history. Her compassionate approach to crime prevention and her advocacy for women’s rights made her a remarkable figure in law enforcement and social justice.

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United StatesGeologist

Mareta West

Mareta Nelle West, the first female astrogeologist, played a crucial role in the Apollo 11 mission. Her expertise in lunar geography helped in selecting the site for the first manned lunar landing. West continued to contribute to the field of astrogeology and left an enduring legacy as a pioneer in her field.

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United StatesAstronomer

Mary Watson Whitney

Mary Watson Whitney was an American astronomer and the head of the Vassar College Observatory for 22 years. She published 102 scientific papers and was a dedicated advocate for women in science, encouraging them to pursue various fields and believing that scientific training could prepare women for motherhood. Whitney’s passion and groundbreaking research continue to inspire astronomers today.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerAfrican American

Aprille Ericsson-Jackson

Aprille J. Ericsson-Jackson is an American aerospace engineer, known for being the first African-American woman to receive a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Howard University and the first African-American woman to receive a Ph.D. in Engineering at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). Her groundbreaking achievements and dedication to promoting STEM education make her an inspiring figure in women’s history.

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United StatesPhysicist

Hattie Carwell

Hattie Carwell, an American physicist and former scientist with the United States Department of Energy, has had a remarkable career in the field of physics. Her dedication to promoting diversity in STEM fields and her contributions to scientific literature make her an influential figure and an inspiration for aspiring scientists.

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United StatesAviationPilot

Mildred Hemmons Carter

Mildred Louise Hemmons Carter (1921-2011) was the first black female pilot in Alabama. Despite being denied admission into the Tuskegee Airmen and Women Airforce Service Pilots, she became an official member of both organizations later in life. She was a dedicated pilot who flew with the Civil Air Patrol during World War II, participating in search and rescue missions and providing support to military personnel.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Marjorie Lee Browne

Marjorie Lee Browne (1914-1979), a pioneering African-American mathematician and educator, overcame numerous challenges to become one of the first African-American women to earn a PhD in mathematics. Her groundbreaking research and dedication to mathematics education paved the way for future generations of minority mathematicians. Although her life was tragically cut short, Browne’s legacy as a champion for diversity in STEM fields continues to inspire and empower others.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBusiness

Sarah E. Goode

Sarah Elisabeth Goode was an American entrepreneur and inventor who received a United States patent in 1885 for her cabinet bed. Her invention revolutionized small apartment living, providing comfort and convenience for individuals with limited space. Goode’s determination and innovative spirit have left a lasting impact on women’s history.

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United StatesEducator

Juno Frankie Pierce

Juno Frankie Pierce, an American educator and suffragist, overcame racial inequality to become a pioneer in the fight for women’s rights and education for black girls. Her efforts in establishing the Tennessee Vocational School for Colored Girls and advocating for social justice made a lasting impact on her community. Pierce’s legacy continues to inspire and empower women in their pursuit of education and equality.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Caroline Still Anderson

Caroline Still Anderson was a pioneering physician, educator, and activist. She was one of the first Black women to become a physician in the United States and dedicated her medical practice to serving the African-American community in Philadelphia. Despite facing discrimination and challenges, Anderson’s accomplishments and dedication continue to serve as an inspiration for women, particularly women of color, in the pursuit of their dreams and careers.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Hetty Reckless

Amy Hester “Hetty” Reckless (1776–1881) was an influential figure in the American abolitionist movement and a key supporter of the Underground Railroad. Born into slavery in Salem, New Jersey, she overcame the cruelty of her owners to eventually escape to Philadelphia in 1826. Hetty became a founding member of the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society and played a crucial role in promoting abolitionist ideas. Her dedication to social justice and her tireless efforts in supporting the cause made her an influential leader in the abolitionist community.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Anna Williams

Anna “Ann” Williams, an enslaved woman born in 1791 in Bladensburg, Maryland, successfully sued for freedom for herself and her children. Her daring escape from the F Street Tavern and subsequent legal battle highlighted the atrocities of the slave trade, raising awareness and prompting a Congressional inquiry in 1816. Williams’ victory in court brought attention to the cruelty of slavery and the fight for freedom.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBusiness

Duchess Quamino

Duchess Quamino, also known as the “Pastry Queen of Rhode Island,” was a formerly enslaved woman who defied the odds to become an influential figure in her community. Born around 1739 in Senegal or Ghana, Duchess rose above her circumstances and became a renowned independent caterer. Her culinary talents and entrepreneurial spirit made her a beloved and respected figure in colonial Rhode Island, inspiring future generations with her resilience and achievements.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Elizabeth Key Grinstead

Elizabeth Key Grinstead was a pioneer figure in early American history, advocating for the rights of enslaved individuals. Born in 1630 in Warwick County, Virginia, Key challenged the institution of slavery and secured her own freedom, becoming one of the first black women in the Thirteen Colonies to do so. Her landmark legal victory and its subsequent legislation made a significant impact on the future of slavery in the English colonies.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Alice Stebbins Wells

Alice Stebbins Wells, a trailblazing figure in American law enforcement, became one of the first American-born female police officers in 1910. Her determination to pursue a career in police work was fueled by her study at the Hartford Theological Seminary, which revealed the need for women officers. Despite facing challenges, Wells paved the way for other women to join the force and established the International Policewomen’s Association. Her legacy continues to inspire future generations of women in law enforcement.

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United StatesEducatorWriter

Mabel Addis

Mabel Addis Mergardt (1912-2004) was an American writer, teacher, and the first female video game designer. She designed The Sumerian Game, which inspired kingdom management games. Mabel was also an active member of her community and contributed to history committees. Her groundbreaking work in the 1960s made her the first writer and designer of a video game.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanLawyer

Violette Neatley Anderson

Violette Neatley Anderson was a trailblazing African-American lawyer who broke barriers and became the first African-American woman to practice law before the United States Supreme Court. Her relentless advocacy for justice and equal rights during a time of discrimination cemented her place in history as a pioneering figure.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBiochemist

Marie Maynard Daly

Marie Maynard Daly was an American biochemist who made significant contributions to the field of chemistry and medicine. She was the first African-American woman in the United States to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry and the first African-American to receive a Ph.D. from Columbia University. Her groundbreaking research on protein synthesis, hypertension, and muscle cells’ uptake of creatine deepened our understanding of biochemistry and paved the way for medical advancements. Daly’s commitment to diversity and inclusivity also played a vital role in inspiring underrepresented individuals to pursue careers in science.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Sarah Loguen Fraser

Sarah Marinda Loguen Fraser, a trailblazing African-American physician and pediatrician, overcame numerous obstacles to make significant contributions to the field of medicine in the late 19th century. Born on January 29, 1850, in Syracuse, New York, Fraser’s determination to help others led her to become the first African-American woman to earn an M.D. from Syracuse University School of Medicine. Her legacy as a pioneer in medicine continues to inspire future generations.

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EthiopiaUnited StatesComputer Scientist

Rediet Abebe

Rediet Abebe is an Ethiopian computer scientist known for her groundbreaking work in algorithms and artificial intelligence. She focuses on developing frameworks to address issues of inequality and distributive justice. Abebe co-founded the multi-institutional research initiatives MD4SG and Black in AI. She completed her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees at Harvard University, and her PhD at Cornell University, becoming the first Black woman to complete a PhD in computer science at Cornell. Abebe is currently an assistant professor at the University of California, Berkeley.

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United StatesEngineer

Joyce Weisbecker

Joyce Weisbecker, the first female commercial video game designer, made significant contributions to the world of gaming. She developed games for the RCA Studio II console and showcased her talent and innovation with projects like Snake Race and Jackpot. Weisbecker’s dedication and skill paved the way for future generations of game designers.

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United StatesBusiness

Holly Liu

Holly Liu is an American businesswoman and venture capitalist, known for her significant contributions to the mobile gaming industry. As the co-founder of Kabam, a leading mobile gaming company, she has made a lasting impact on the gaming landscape.

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United StatesGeographer

Kate Edwards

Kate Edwards (born c. 1965) is a geographer, writer, and content culturalization strategist, most active in information-based cartography and video game content. She has made significant contributions to the fields of geography, cartography, and video game development throughout her career.

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United StatesActivistAerospace Engineer

Cher Scarlett

Cher Scarlett (born 1984 or 1985) is an American workers’ rights activist, software engineer, and writer. She has made a significant impact in the labor movement with her organizing efforts at major tech companies such as Apple, Activision Blizzard, and Starbucks.

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United StatesScholar

Brenda Romero

Brenda Louise Romero (née Garno; born October 12, 1966) is an American game designer and developer in the video game industry. She was born in Ogdensburg, New York, and is a graduate of Clarkson University. Romero is best known for her work on the Wizardry series of role-playing video games and, more recently, the non-digital series The Mechanic is the Message. With a career spanning over three decades, Romero has made significant contributions to the gaming industry.

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United StatesWriter

Zoë Quinn

Zoë Tiberius Quinn, born in 1987, is an influential American video game developer, programmer, and writer. Quinn’s impact on the gaming industry and society as a whole cannot be understated. Their journey has been marked by significant accomplishments, struggles, and the relentless pursuit of justice.

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United StatesJournalist

Emily Chang

Emily Hsiu-Ching Chang, born on August 11, 1980, is an American journalist, executive producer, and author. With a focus on global technology, Chang has made a significant impact on the field. She has not only been an anchor and executive producer of Bloomberg Technology, a daily TV show, but she has also spearheaded Studio 1.0, where she engages in regular conversations with top executives, investors, and entrepreneurs. Furthermore, Chang is the author of the book “Brotopia: Breaking Up the Boys’ Club of Silicon Valley,” which highlights the issue of sexism and gender inequality in the tech industry.

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United StatesEngineer

Edith Clarke

Edith Clarke was a trailblazing American electrical engineer who achieved many firsts in her field. She revolutionized electrical power system analysis with her innovative inventions and calculations. Despite facing gender discrimination, she became the first woman to be professionally employed as an electrical engineer in the United States, as well as the first female professor of electrical engineering in the country. Her groundbreaking achievements continue to inspire future generations of scientists and engineers.

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NetherlandsUnited StatesBusiness

Melanie Rieback

Melanie R. Rieback is a renowned computer scientist known for her groundbreaking work in the field of privacy and security of radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology. Born on October 26, 1978, in Cleveland, Ohio, Melanie spent her formative years in Florida.

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FranceSenegalUnited States

Adji Bousso Dieng

Adji Bousso Dieng is a Senegalese Computer Scientist and Statistician who has made significant contributions in the field of Artificial Intelligence. Currently working as an Artificial Intelligence Research Scientist at Google Brain in Mountain View, California, Dieng’s research focuses on combining probabilistic graphical models and deep learning to extract meaningful structure from unlabelled data.

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United StatesComputer ScientistEngineer

Ruzena Bajcsy

Ruzena Bajcsy, an American engineer and computer scientist specializing in robotics, has made significant contributions to the field throughout her career. Born in 1933 in Bratislava, which was then part of Czechoslovakia and is now Slovakia, she grew up in a Jewish family. While her father’s work as a civil engineer initially spared her family from Nazi concentration camps, tragically, most of her adult relatives were killed by the Nazis in late 1944.

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CanadaGhanaUnited States

Joy Buolamwini

Joy Adowaa Buolamwini is a Ghanaian-American-Canadian computer scientist and digital activist based at the MIT Media Lab. She is widely recognized for her work in challenging bias in decision-making software and advocating for the ethical use of artificial intelligence (AI). Buolamwini founded the Algorithmic Justice League, an organization that uses art, advocacy, and research to raise awareness of the social implications and harms of AI.

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GreeceUnited StatesArcher

Georgia Tourassi

Georgia “Gina” D. Tourassi is a prominent figure in the field of biomedical informatics, known for her contributions to computer-aided diagnosis and artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare. She currently serves as the Director of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory health data sciences institute and is an adjunct Professor of radiology at Duke University. Tourassi began her academic journey at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, where she pursued a degree in physics and graduated in 1987. She then moved to Duke University for her doctoral studies and earned a PhD in 1993. Throughout her research and career, Tourassi has made significant advancements in the use of big health data and AI in the field of epidemiology, particularly in relation to cancer. Her work focuses on the development of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems, specifically in breast cancer screening. These systems are interactive, knowledge-based, and utilize information theory. One of Tourassi’s notable contributions is the development of indexing systems that enhance the efficiency of image analysis. She has also implemented techniques to monitor the reliability of CAD systems and advanced computational intelligence techniques like genetic algorithms. Her knowledge-based approach incorporates image entropy to identify the most informative medical images and flag potential cancer indicators. Tourassi’s expertise in the field led to her election as a member of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory committee on computer-aided diagnosis. This appointment highlights her impact on shaping the future of CAD systems. In 2011, Tourassi joined the Oak Ridge National Laboratory as the Founding Director of the Health Data Sciences Institute. In this role, she oversees the strategic agenda of the biomedical science and computing group. Tourassi has organized numerous biomedical research conferences at the institution, establishing herself as a driving force in the field. One of Tourassi’s primary interests is the development of automated tools for cancer surveillance. She has utilized the power of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Titan supercomputer to implement deep learning techniques for extracting information from cancer pathology reports. These efforts align with the Cancer Moonshot 2020 initiative, aiming to accelerate progress in cancer research. Tourassi’s work extends beyond cancer diagnostics. She applies AI techniques to mammogram interpretation, avoiding context bias and improving the accuracy of diagnoses. Additionally, she has developed iCrawl, a user-oriented web crawler that collects online content for e-health research. Another noteworthy project Tourassi has contributed to is Oak Ridge Graph Analytics for Medical Innovation (ORiGAMI). This data tool supports diagnostics and research, with Tourassi employing it to explore literature related to genomics. Her collaborative efforts resulted in the development of a knowledge graph that enables the extraction of meaningful information from unstructured data. Throughout her career, Tourassi has been a passionate advocate for women and minorities in science and engineering. Her involvement in these areas highlights her dedication to promoting diversity and inclusivity within the field.

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HungaryUnited StatesComputer Scientist

Klára Dán von Neumann

Klára Dán von Neumann, a Hungarian-American mathematician and computer scientist, was a pioneer in computer programming. She made significant contributions to the field, including programming the MANIAC I machine. Klára’s work on translating mathematical instructions into a computer language was crucial for its successful operation. Despite her groundbreaking achievements, she did not receive any official awards or recognitions.

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United StatesArcherEngineer

Karen Panetta

Karen Ann Panetta is an American computer engineer and inventor who has made significant contributions to the field of engineering and technology. She serves as a professor and Dean of Graduate Education at Tufts University, where she has pioneered research in machine learning and automated systems.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBusiness

Donna Auguste

Donna Auguste (born 1958) is an African-American businesswoman, entrepreneur, and philanthropist. She was the co-founder and CEO of Freshwater Software from 1996 to 2000. She sold Freshwater Software for $147 million and was recognized as one of the “25 Women Who Are Making It Big in Small Business” by Fortune Magazine. She also won the 2001 Golden Torch Award for Outstanding Woman in Technology.

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United StatesPsychologist

Catherine G. Wolf

Catherine Gody Wolf (1947-2018) was an American psychologist and expert in human-computer interaction. She made significant contributions to the field and left a lasting impact on both the scientific community and society as a whole. Despite facing the challenges of ALS, she continued her work and published groundbreaking research that shed light on the impact of the disease on cognition and communication. Her legacy continues to inspire and shape future generations of researchers and innovators.

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United StatesArcherComputer Scientist

Megan Squire

Megan Squire is a professor of computer science at Elon University, specializing in the study of right-wing political extremism online. She has conducted extensive research on platforms like Facebook and Telegram, shedding light on the ways in which they shape and mediate extremist ideologies. Her work has been referenced in lawsuits against Facebook, highlighting the platform’s failure to address the proliferation of extremist groups. Squire’s investigations have also revealed the financial ecosystem surrounding these groups and their ability to generate income through video livestreaming and gaming platforms. In addition to her academic pursuits, Squire has been involved in activism throughout her life and is recognized as one of the strongest allies of the Antifa movement.

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United StatesComputer ScientistMathematician

Marlyn Meltzer

Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer (1922 – December 7, 2008) was one of the original programmers of ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic digital computer. She played a crucial role in its development and, along with her colleagues, helped pave the way for the digital age. Meltzer’s dedication to volunteer work and her advocacy for women in technology further solidify her legacy as a pioneer and role model in the field of computer programming.

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United StatesComputer Scientist

Jean Bartik

Jean Bartik was an influential pioneer in computer programming and one of the original programmers for the ENIAC computer. Her exceptional contributions to computing technology and trailblazing career made her a key figure in the history of women in computing. Despite facing limited educational opportunities, Bartik pursued her passion for mathematics and became a valued member of the ENIAC programming team. She continued to make groundbreaking contributions to computing throughout her career, leaving behind a lasting legacy that continues to inspire women in the field.

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United StatesMathematician

Frances Spence

Frances V. Spence was one of the original programmers for the ENIAC, the first electronic digital computer. Alongside her female colleagues, she played a crucial role in the development of early computing. Despite their contributions, their work was largely downplayed at the time due to gender stereotypes. Frances Spence’s legacy as one of the first computer programmers continues to challenge gender stereotypes in technology.

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United StatesComputer Scientist

Hava Siegelmann

Hava Siegelmann is an American computer scientist known for her groundbreaking work in the fields of artificial intelligence (AI) and neural networks. She has made significant contributions to lifelong learning, Super-Turing computation, and dynamical systems. Her research and practical applications have earned her prestigious awards, such as the Meritorious Public Service Medal and the Donald Hebb Award. Through her work, Siegelmann has had a lasting impact on the field of computer science and society as a whole.

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United StatesActivistEconomist

Carole De Saram

Carole De Saram, born in Queens, New York in 1939, is an American feminist and women’s rights activist. As the former president of the New York chapter of the National Organization of Women (NOW), De Saram has played a pivotal role in advocating for women’s equality. With her focus on intersectionality with economics, she has made significant contributions to shaping women’s history and furthering the feminist movement.

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United StatesComputer ScientistJewish

Ida Rhodes

Ida Rhodes was an influential American mathematician who played a crucial role in early computer development. Born as Hadassah Itzkowitz in Ukraine, she immigrated to the United States at the age of 13. She studied mathematics at Cornell University and went on to work on the Mathematical Tables Project. Rhodes was a pioneer in programming systems and designed the C-10 programming language. She received multiple awards for her contributions to computing.

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United StatesComputer ScientistMathematician

Jennifer Tour Chayes

Jennifer Tour Chayes is a renowned mathematician and computer scientist, known for her expertise in data science. She is currently the Dean of the College of Computing, Data Science, and Society at the University of California, Berkeley. Throughout her career, Chayes has made significant contributions to the fields of mathematical physics, discrete mathematics, and computer science. She has received numerous awards and recognition for her groundbreaking work in data science and interdisciplinary collaboration.

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RomaniaUnited StatesComputer Scientist

Daniela L. Rus

Daniela L. Rus, a renowned roboticist and computer scientist, is the Director of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL). With her expertise and visionary leadership, she has made significant contributions to the field of robotics and computer science. Rus is widely recognized for her outstanding contributions and has received numerous accolades, including an NSF Career award, an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation fellowship, and the prestigious MacArthur Fellowship.

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United StatesArcherComputer Scientist

Rumi Chunara

Rumi Chunara is an associate professor of biostatistics at New York University School of Global Public Health. Her research focuses on using computational and statistical approaches to improve population-level public health. Chunara has made significant contributions to the field, including the use of social media data for early disease detection, improving vaccination rates through smart immunization targeting, and studying the impact of telemedicine on healthcare access. Her work has provided valuable insights and tools for monitoring diseases and addressing societal challenges in public health.

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United StatesBusinessComputer Scientist

Carol E. Reiley

Carol Elizabeth Reiley is a pioneering American business executive, computer scientist, and model. She has made significant contributions to the development of teleoperated and autonomous robot systems in various fields. Reiley’s exceptional leadership abilities and dedication to technological advancement have earned her recognition as a leading entrepreneur and influential scientist.

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United StatesComputer ScientistEngineer

Thelma Estrin

Thelma Estrin was an American computer scientist and engineer who made significant contributions in the fields of expert systems and biomedical engineering. Throughout her career, she pioneered the application of computer technology in healthcare and medical research, leaving a lasting impact on the field.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanComputer Scientist

Evelyn Boyd Granville

Evelyn Boyd Granville overcame challenges to become the second African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics from an American university. She made significant contributions to mathematics and computer science, inspiring future generations of women in STEM fields.

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United StatesMathematician

Margaret K. Butler

Margaret Kampschaefer Butler (March 27, 1924 – March 8, 2013) was a remarkable mathematician who played a significant role in the development and advancement of computer software. Her contributions during the early 1950s greatly impacted the field of computer technology. As the first female fellow at the American Nuclear Society and the director of the National Energy Software Center at Argonne, Butler held prominent leadership positions in both scientific organizations and women’s groups. Her work and achievements left a lasting imprint on society, particularly in the realm of nuclear power.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanMathematician

Katherine Johnson

Katherine Johnson, born Creola Katherine Coleman on August 26, 1918, in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, was an American mathematician whose pioneering work at NASA paved the way for crewed spaceflights and advanced the field of orbital mechanics. Her contributions to the early days of space exploration were instrumental in the success of numerous missions and made her a trailblazer for African-American women in science and mathematics.

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United StatesComputer ScientistEducator

Carol Frieze

Carol Frieze is a prominent figure in the field of computer science and a leading advocate for diversity and inclusion in STEM. As the director of Women@SCS and SCS4ALL professional organizations at Carnegie Mellon University, she has played a crucial role in attracting and retaining women in computing.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEngineer

Kimberly Bryant

Kimberly Bryant, an American electrical engineer, founded Black Girls Code, an organization focused on providing technology and computer programming education to African-American girls. Born and raised in Memphis, Tennessee during the Civil Rights Movement, Bryant’s passion for technology led her to establish a nonprofit that aims to address the underrepresentation of African-American women in the tech industry. Her efforts have been recognized, and she was listed as one of the “25 Most Influential African-Americans in Technology” by Business Insider.

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United StatesComputer Scientist

Grace Hopper

Grace Brewster Hopper was an American computer scientist, mathematician, and United States Navy rear admiral. She was a pioneer of computer programming and one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer. Hopper made significant contributions to the field, including the invention of one of the first linkers. Her legacy as a computer scientist and mathematician continues to inspire and influence the world of technology.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEngineer

Marian Croak

Marian Rogers Croak is a Vice President of Engineering at Google, renowned for her significant contributions to the field of telecommunications. Born on May 14, 1955, in New York City, Croak’s early fascination with science and technology was nurtured by her father, who built her a home chemistry set.

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United StatesComputer Scientist

Maria Klawe

Maria Margaret Klawe is a renowned computer scientist and the fifth president of Harvey Mudd College since July 1, 2006. She was born in Toronto, Ontario in 1951 and later became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 2009. Klawe’s journey in academia has been marked by numerous achievements and a steadfast commitment to advancing women in STEM fields.

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NigeriaUnited StatesArcher

Victoria Chibuogu Nneji

Victoria Chibuogu Nneji is a Nigerian-born American computer scientist, design and innovation strategist, and a lecturing fellow, known for her research on robotics, automation, human-centered design, and autonomous transportation. Her dedication to advancing robotics, automation, and human-centered design has made her a respected figure in the field. Through her work, Nneji continues to inspire and empower individuals to embrace technology and drive positive change.

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United StatesComputer Scientist

Irma Wyman

Irma M. Wyman (1928-2015) was an early computer engineer and the first woman to become vice president of Honeywell, Inc. She made significant contributions to the field of computer science and was a pioneer for women in technology. Her dedication and determination shattered gender barriers in the tech industry, inspiring future generations of women engineers.

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United StatesJournalist

Meredith Broussard

Meredith Broussard is a prominent figure in the field of data journalism and a respected professor at the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University. With a focus on the role of artificial intelligence in journalism, Broussard’s contributions have greatly impacted the understanding and practice of data-driven reporting.

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United StatesActorFigure Skater

Tara Lipinski

Tara Lipinski, born in Philadelphia in 1982, is an American former competitive figure skater, actress, sports commentator, and documentary film producer. Lipinski’s impact on the sport and her role in women’s history cannot be understated. Her dedication, resilience, and pioneering spirit have inspired generations of athletes, and her legacy continues to shine brightly in the annals of women’s sports history.

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United StatesFigure Skater

Michelle Kwan

Michelle Kwan is a retired competitive figure skater and diplomat, known for her exceptional consistency and expressive artistry on the ice. She is a two-time Olympic medalist, five-time World champion, and nine-time U.S. champion, establishing herself as one of the most decorated figure skaters in U.S. history. After her retirement from skating, Kwan became involved in politics and was nominated by President Joe Biden to be the U.S. Ambassador to Belize in January 2022.

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United StatesFigure Skater

Janet Lynn

Janet Lynn Nowicki, born on April 6, 1953, is an American figure skater who has made a significant impact on the sport. She is best known for her achievements as a skater in the 1970s, including winning the bronze medal at the 1972 Olympic Games and being a two-time world championships medalist. Throughout her career, she also won the U.S. national championship a remarkable seven times.

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United StatesAsian AmericanFigure Skater

Kristi Yamaguchi

Kristine Tsuya Yamaguchi, born on July 12, 1971, is an American former competitive figure skater and author. A true trailblazer in the sport, Yamaguchi made history as the first Asian American to win a gold medal in a Winter Olympic competition. Her exceptional skills and dedication to her craft earned her recognition as the 1992 Olympic champion, a two-time World champion (1991 and 1992), and the 1992 U.S. champion.

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United StatesFigure Skater

Peggy G. Fleming

Peggy Fleming, born in 1948 in San Jose, California, was the 1968 Olympic Champion in ladies’ singles figure skating. She also achieved three consecutive World Championship titles from 1966 to 1968. Fleming’s dedication and unique style captivated audiences worldwide and solidified her place in the history of figure skating. Through her triumphs and perseverance, she paved the way for increased visibility for women in various spheres of public life.

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United StatesDoctorFigure Skater

Tenley Albright

Tenley Emma Albright is an American former figure skater and surgeon. She has achieved numerous accolades in both fields, including being the 1956 Olympic champion, the 1952 Olympic silver medalist, and the 1953 and 1955 World Champion. Albright’s remarkable success in figure skating was followed by an equally inspiring career in medicine, as she graduated from Harvard Medical School and became a renowned surgeon. With her exceptional achievements, she has left an indelible mark on both the world of sports and the field of medicine.

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United StatesComputer ScientistJewish

Lenore Blum

Lenore Carol Blum is an American computer scientist and mathematician known for her significant contributions to real number computation, cryptography, and pseudorandom number generation. She has held prestigious positions and has been a pioneer in diversifying the fields of mathematics and computer science. Blum’s dedication to promoting diversity and empowering women in mathematics has made a lasting impact in her field.

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United StatesFigure SkaterJewish

Sarah Hughes

Sarah Elizabeth Hughes is an American politician and former competitive figure skater. She achieved great success in her skating career, winning the Olympic title in 2002 and a bronze medal in the World Championships in 2001. Hughes is also known for her advocacy work, particularly for breast cancer awareness, and her support for Figure Skating in Harlem. She continues to pursue her education and is currently obtaining a business degree at Stanford University.

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GeorgiaNetherlandsUnited States

Maia Makhateli

Maia Makhateli, a renowned Georgian ballet dancer, has made a significant impact on the world of dance. Born in Tbilisi, Georgia, around 1986, she hails from a family deeply rooted in the art of ballet. Her parents, Nikoloz Makhateli and Marina Loladze, were both esteemed dancers at the Georgian National Ballet, and her grandfather was a notable folk dancer, while her grandmother was an opera singer. As the younger sister of David Makhateli, a former principal dancer with The Royal Ballet, Maia was exposed to the world of ballet from a young age and would soon find her own path in this captivating art form.

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ThailandUnited StatesMilitary

Tammy Duckworth

Tammy Duckworth, a retired Army National Guard lieutenant colonel, is an accomplished American politician. She is currently serving as the junior United States senator from Illinois, representing the Democratic Party. Duckworth has a remarkable story of resilience and perseverance, becoming the first female double amputee from the Iraq War. Her unwavering dedication to public service and advocacy for veterans, healthcare, and social justice has made her a prominent figure in women’s history.

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United StatesActivistJournalist

Lady Bird Johnson

Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Johnson was the first lady of the United States from 1963 to 1969. She made significant contributions to American society, actively engaging with Congress and advocating for causes she believed in. One of her lasting legacies is her dedication to the beautification of America’s cities and highways, which led to the passage of the Highway Beautification Act. Lady Bird Johnson’s commitment to environmental conservation and her belief in the power of nature continues to inspire and shape public policy today.

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United StatesBlindDeaf

Laura Bridgman

Laura Dewey Lynn Bridgman (1829-1889) was the first deaf-blind American child to receive a significant education in the English language. Educated at the Perkins Institution for the Blind, under the guidance of Samuel Gridley Howe, Bridgman learned to read and communicate using Braille and the manual alphabet. Although she gained celebrity status after being visited by Charles Dickens, she spent much of her life in relative obscurity, passing her time sewing and reading books in Braille at the Perkins Institute. Her groundbreaking achievements paved the way for advancements in deaf-blind education.

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United StatesActorAfrican American

Martha Mitchell

Martha Mitchell, born in 1918 in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, was the wife of United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell. Despite her struggles with dyslexia and a failed first marriage, Martha’s passion for the arts and bold personality left a lasting impact. She became a notable figure during the Watergate scandal, speaking out against corruption and uncovering the truth. Martha Mitchell’s resilience and bravery cemented her place in history.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Judith Heumann

Judith Ellen Heumann (1947-2023) was an American disability rights activist, known as the “Mother of the Disability Rights Movement.” She dedicated her life to advocating for the rights of people with disabilities and played a significant role in shaping human rights legislation. Heumann’s personal experiences and exceptional leadership skills led to her international recognition and numerous achievements in the field of disability rights.

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United StatesSingerWriter

Halsey

Halsey, born in 1994 in Edison, New Jersey, is an American singer and songwriter who has captivated audiences with her unique sound and candid lyrics. Raised in a working-class family, Halsey’s journey to success has been one of persistence, resilience, and artistic exploration. Throughout her career, she has released several successful albums, collaborated with renowned artists, and received numerous awards. Halsey’s artistry, activism, and powerful storytelling continue to inspire and resonate with fans worldwide.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Eliza Suggs

Eliza Suggs, an African American author and activist, lived a life marked by resilience and determination. Overcoming the challenges of osteogenesis imperfecta, also known as brittle bone disease, she defied expectations and became an advocate for social reform. Although her life was tragically shortened, her impact on society continues to inspire and empower future generations of African American women.

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IndonesiaUnited StatesJudge

Joyce L. Kennard

Josephine “Joyce” Luther Kennard, born on May 6, 1941, is a Dutch-American judge and former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of California. She was appointed by Governor George Deukmejian in 1989 and served as the longest-serving justice sitting on the Court until her retirement in 2014. Kennard was retained by California’s voters three times, first to fill the unexpired term in 1990, followed by second and third consecutive twelve-year terms in 1994 and 2006.

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United StatesActorDancer

Jennifer Lopez

Jennifer Lynn Affleck (née Lopez; born July 24, 1969), also known as J.Lo, is an American actress, dancer, and singer. She began her career in the entertainment industry as a Fly Girl dancer on the sketch comedy television series In Living Color in 1991. Her talent and charisma quickly gained attention, leading her to pursue an acting career in 1993.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBallet

Lauren Anderson

Lauren Anderson, an American ballet dancer and former principal dancer with the Houston Ballet, broke barriers as one of the first African-American ballerinas to become a principal for a major dance company. Her talent and determination paved the way for future generations of diverse dancers, leaving an indelible mark on the world of ballet.

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United StatesBasketballCoach

Joanne Bracker

Joanne Bracker (May 3, 1945 – February 1, 2023) was an American college basketball coach. She made significant contributions to the advancement of women’s basketball and left a lasting impact on the sport.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Stacey Abrams

Stacey Abrams, born on December 9, 1973, in Madison, Wisconsin, is an American politician, lawyer, voting rights activist, and author. She served in the Georgia House of Representatives from 2007 to 2017 and was the minority leader from 2011 to 2017. Abrams founded Fair Fight Action in 2018, and her efforts have been widely recognized for boosting voter turnout in Georgia. She was the Democratic nominee in the 2018 Georgia gubernatorial election, becoming the first African-American female major-party gubernatorial nominee in the United States. Abrams continues to be a prominent advocate for voting rights and equal access to the ballot box.

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United StatesBasketballCoach

Jennifer Azzi

Jennifer Lynn Azzi, born in 1968 in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, is an American former basketball player and coach. She made a significant impact on women’s sports, both at the collegiate and professional levels. Recognized for her achievements and contributions to the sport, Azzi’s career has been filled with success and accolades.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBallet

Janet Collins

Janet Collins was a pioneering African American ballet dancer, choreographer, and teacher. Despite facing racial barriers, she studied with renowned ballet teachers and became one of the few classically trained Black dancers of her generation. She collaborated with Katherine Dunham and gained recognition for her talent. Collins became the first black ballerina to perform at the Metropolitan Opera and later dedicated herself to teaching. Her legacy as a pioneer of black ballet dancing continues to inspire dancers worldwide.

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United StatesBasketballCoach

Alice “Cookie” Barron

Alice “Cookie” Barron is a remarkable figure in women’s sports history, known for her outstanding basketball career and her contributions to promoting gender equality in athletics. Born on March 23, 1935, in a small town in Texas, Barron grew up with a passion for sports, particularly basketball. She would go on to become one of the most successful and influential female athletes of her time.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBallet

Misty Copeland

Misty Copeland is an American ballet dancer for the American Ballet Theatre and the first African American woman to be promoted to principal dancer in ABT’s history. Raised in Los Angeles, Copeland’s love for dance blossomed at age 13. Despite facing challenges and a custody battle, Copeland’s determination and talent propelled her career forward. She has become a beacon of inspiration, a best-selling author, and an influential figure in the ballet world.

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United StatesBasketball

Debbie Antonelli

Debbie Antonelli is a highly accomplished college basketball analyst who has made a significant impact on the world of women’s sports broadcasting. With a career spanning over three decades, Antonelli has established herself as a leading figure in the industry and a trusted voice in the world of basketball.

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United StatesActorDancer

Janet Jackson

Janet Damita Jo Jackson, born on May 16, 1966, in Gary, Indiana, is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and dancer who has made significant contributions to the entertainment industry. Janet’s innovative and socially conscious records, combined with her elaborate stage shows, have helped her rise to prominence while breaking gender and racial barriers.

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United StatesBasketballCoach

Leta Andrews

Leta Mae Rains Andrews, born on July 7, 1937, is a retired American high school basketball coach who holds the record for the most wins by a high school basketball coach. Born near Granbury, Texas, Leta grew up with her brothers Walter and George, and her sister Shirley, who also played and later coached girls basketball…

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Georgia Ann Robinson

Georgia Ann Robinson, the first African American woman appointed as a police officer in the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), broke down racial barriers and improved the lives of women in Los Angeles. She became a symbol of hope and progress for African American club women advocating for black women in law enforcement. Robinson’s dedication, capabilities, and groundbreaking achievements paved the way for greater diversity within the LAPD and inspired future generations of African American women in law enforcement.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanLawyer

Charlotte E. Ray

Charlotte E. Ray was the first black American female lawyer in the United States. Raised in a home that valued education and advocacy, Ray graduated from the Institution for the Education of Colored Youth and later became the first woman to graduate from the Howard University School of Law. Despite facing societal barriers, Ray opened her own law office and made significant contributions before leaving the legal profession. She continued to fight for women’s rights and her legacy continues to inspire future generations.

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