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Gisella Perl

Gisella Perl, a Hungarian Jewish gynecologist, faced unimaginable challenges during the Holocaust, working as an inmate gynecologist in Auschwitz. Despite limited resources, she performed countless abortions to save pregnant women from further suffering. After the war, Perl settled in New York City, where she became a renowned specialist in infertility treatment. Her memoir, “I Was a Doctor in Auschwitz,” provided a personal account of the atrocities witnessed and the resilience of survivors. Perl’s unwavering commitment to helping others serves as an enduring inspiration.

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GermanyBiologistJewish

Margarete Zuelzer

Margarete Hedwig Zuelzer was a German biologist and zoologist who defied societal norms by pursuing a career in science. Despite facing numerous challenges as a woman, she earned her doctorate and made significant contributions to the field of protozoology. However, her career was cut short by the discriminatory policies of Nazi Germany, and she tragically died in the Westerbork Transit Camp during the Holocaust. Her story serves as a reminder of the injustice and devastation caused by this dark period in history.

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ItalyBiologistJewish

Rita Levi-Montalcini

Rita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian neurobiologist known for her groundbreaking discoveries in the field of neuroscience. She overcame discrimination and established a laboratory in her bedroom during World War II to continue her research. Levi-Montalcini’s most significant contribution was the discovery of nerve growth factor, for which she received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Her scientific achievements, along with her dedication to public service, have made her an iconic figure in women’s history and scientific discovery.

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United StatesBiochemistChemist

Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude “Trudy” Belle Elion (January 23, 1918 – February 21, 1999) made significant contributions to medicine through her innovative methods of rational drug design. She revolutionized the field by focusing on understanding drug targets, leading to the development of life-saving medications such as AZT for AIDS and acyclovir for herpes. Despite facing gender discrimination, she persevered and became an icon in women’s history.

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United StatesBiochemistChemist

Mildred Cohn

Mildred Cohn (1913-2009) was an American biochemist who made significant contributions to the field of biochemistry. Her pioneering work in using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to study enzyme reactions greatly advanced our understanding of biochemical processes, particularly in relation to adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Despite facing gender discrimination, Cohn persisted in her studies and achieved remarkable success in her career. Her research and innovative techniques have inspired countless aspiring scientists, especially women, who have followed in her footsteps.

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GermanyChemistJewish

Clara Immerwahr

Clara Helene Immerwahr, the first German woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry, made significant contributions to the field and played a vital role in advancing women’s rights. Despite facing challenges and limited recognition, she remained dedicated to her pursuit of equality. Tragically, her life was cut short in 1915 under mysterious circumstances, but her legacy continues to inspire women in male-dominated fields.

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IsraelChemistJewish

Ada Yonath

Ada Yonath, born in 1939 in Jerusalem, is an Israeli chemist and Nobel laureate crystallographer known for her groundbreaking work on the structure of ribosomes. Despite financial challenges, Yonath excelled academically and pursued her passion for science. Her research on ribosome structure revolutionized our understanding of protein synthesis and led to advancements in antibiotic development. In 2009, she became the first Israeli woman to win a Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

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GermanyUnited StatesAerospace Engineer

Irmgard Flügge-Lotz

Irmgard Flügge-Lotz, a German-American mathematician and aerospace engineer, revolutionized the field of discontinuous automatic control. Her pioneering work in hysteresis control systems found widespread applications in guidance systems, electronics, fire-control systems, and temperature regulation. Despite facing challenges as a woman in a male-dominated field, Flügge-Lotz’s exceptional mathematical skills and contributions to engineering earned her numerous accolades and made her an inspiration to future generations of female engineers.

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United StatesJewishMathematician

Ruth Aaronson Bari

Ruth Aaronson Bari (1917-2005) was an American mathematician known for her work in graph theory and algebraic homomorphisms. She dedicated herself to raising her family before returning to earn her Ph.D. in mathematics at the age of 47. Bari’s contributions to graph theory and homomorphisms were highly regarded, and she actively advocated for gender equality in academia. Her legacy lives on through the students she taught.

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United StatesComputer ScientistJewish

Dorothy Lewis Bernstein

Dorothy Lewis Bernstein (1914-1988) was an American mathematician known for her work in applied mathematics, statistics, computer programming, and research on the Laplace transform. She became the first woman to be elected president of the Mathematics Association of America, and made significant contributions to the field of mathematics throughout her career.

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NetherlandsRussiaJewish

Tatyana Afanasyeva

Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva was a Russian/Dutch mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to statistical mechanics. Despite the limitations imposed on women at the time, she pursued her education and eventually settled in Leiden, where she collaborated with her husband, Paul Ehrenfest, and made groundbreaking advancements in the field. Her work attracted the attention of renowned physicist Albert Einstein, solidifying her legacy in the scientific community.

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AustriaJewishMathematician

Hilda Geiringer

Hilda Geiringer, an Austrian mathematician, displayed exceptional mathematical aptitude from a young age. After completing her undergraduate degree and receiving her Ph.D., she worked as an assistant to Leon Lichtenstein and Richard Edler von Mises. Despite facing challenges as a single mother, Geiringer persisted in her work, shifting her focus to applied mathematics. She was forced to leave Germany due to discriminatory laws but continued her research in Brussels and Istanbul, contributing to the advancement of mathematical understanding.

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FranceSwitzerlandUnited States

Louise Hay

Louise Schmir, born in Metz, France in 1935, was a brilliant mathematician known for her groundbreaking work in mathematical logic. Her family fled the Nazis and immigrated to the United States, where she pursued her education and achieved remarkable success. Despite facing personal challenges, Louise Hay made significant contributions to the field of mathematics and paved the way for future women mathematicians.

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FranceJewishMilitary

Denise Bloch

Denise Madeleine Bloch, a courageous agent of the British Special Operations Executive (SOE), worked in WWII to fight against fascist forces in France. She faced persecution as a Jew, and after many challenges and sacrifices, she was eventually captured and executed by the Germans in the Ravensbrück concentration camp. Denise’s unwavering dedication and bravery continue to inspire generations in the fight against fascism.

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United StatesJewishSailing

Allison Jolly

Allison Jolly, an American sailor and Olympic champion, began her sailing career at the age of 10. After winning the Inter-Collegiate Sailing Association National Championships in 1975 and 1976, she became the youngest woman to win the US Sailor of the Year Awards in 1976. Jolly’s dedication to sailing led her to success, including winning a gold medal in the 470 Class at the 1988 Summer Olympics, making her the only American female sailor to achieve this feat. She continues to contribute to the sport as the head coach of the Bulls sailing team at the University of South Florida.

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United StatesJewishSailing

Lynne Jewel Shore

Lynne Jewel Shore, born in 1959 in Burbank, California, is an American sailor and Olympic champion who has left an indelible mark on the sport. She was named Yachtswoman of the Year in 1980 and became the champion of the International Yacht Racing Union in 1980 and 1984. In the 1988 Olympics, she won a gold medal in the 470 Class, solidifying her place in sailing history.

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United StatesDiscus ThrowerJavelin

Lillian Copeland

Lillian Copeland, a trailblazing American track and field athlete, made history as the first American woman to win the discus throw at a modern Olympics. Her exceptional achievements in discus, javelin throwing, and shot put set numerous world records and inspired generations of female athletes. Despite facing discrimination and prejudice as a Jewish woman in the early 20th century, Copeland’s determination and resilience propelled her to break barriers and leave an indelible mark on women’s sports.

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GermanyActivistEducator

Alice Salomon

Alice Salomon (1872-1948) was a German social reformer and pioneer of social work as an academic discipline. She played a crucial role in the development of social work in Germany, to the extent that she was honored with a commemorative postage stamp by the German post office in 1989. Her impact on the field was so significant that a university, a park, and a square in Berlin bear her name.

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IsraelJewishMilitary

Esther Arditi

Esther Arditi (1937 – 2003), also known as “The Angel in White,” was an Israeli IDF medic, and the only woman to be awarded the Israeli Medal of Distinguished Service. She fearlessly saved lives during her remarkable career, displaying extraordinary heroism and selflessness. Arditi’s dedication to serving others and breaking gender barriers made her a trailblazer in the Israeli military, leaving a lasting impact on women’s history.

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United StatesActorComedian

Bea Arthur

Beatrice Arthur, born Bernice Frankel on May 13, 1922, was an American actress and comedian who achieved worldwide recognition for her work on television. Her breakthrough came with her portrayal of Maude Findlay in the sitcoms “All in the Family” and “Maude”, and she solidified her status as a television star with her role as Dorothy Zbornak in “The Golden Girls”. Arthur’s talent was recognized with numerous awards, and her influential roles on television continue to inspire and entertain audiences.

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PolandActivistJewish

Ala Gertner

Ala Gertner, born in Będzin, Poland in 1912, was one of four women hanged in Auschwitz for her involvement in the Sonderkommando revolt. Despite facing unimaginable horrors, Gertner displayed unwavering determination and courage, resisting her captors until the end. Her brave actions serve as a powerful testament to the indomitable spirit of resistance during one of history’s darkest times.

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IsraelActivistJewish

Michal Rozin

Michal Rozin is an Israeli politician and advocate for women’s rights. Known for her dedication to gender equality, she fought for the rights of marginalized groups and chaired the Committee on Foreign Workers. Rozin also championed gender equality in multiple leadership positions and made significant contributions to LGBTQ+ rights. Her impactful career has left a lasting impression on Israeli politics and society.

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PolandActivistJewish

Niuta Teitelbaum

Niuta Teitelbaum, a Jewish resistance fighter in Warsaw during World War II, was known for her courage and determination. Her strategic actions included smuggling weapons and people, as well as executing missions disguised as a Polish peasant girl. Teitelbaum’s marksmanship and commitment to the cause made her a feared adversary of the Nazis. Despite challenges from historians, her story has been highlighted in Judy Batalion’s book, shedding light on the important role of women in the resistance movement.

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NetherlandsJewishWriter

Anne Frank

Annelies Marie Frank, better known as Anne Frank, was a German-born Jewish girl who became one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Born in 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany, Anne and her family eventually moved to Amsterdam, seeking refuge from Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party’s control over Germany. In her diary, Anne documented the challenges, fears, and small joys that came from living in hiding during Nazi persecution. Tragically, she and her sister Margot died in a concentration camp in 1945. Anne’s diary has since become one of the world’s best-known books, ensuring that her story and the stories of countless others who suffered during the Holocaust are never forgotten.

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United StatesActivistGovernment

Roberta Achtenberg

Roberta Achtenberg (born July 20, 1950) is an American attorney and civil rights advocate who has made significant contributions to the field of civil rights in the United States. She is widely recognized for her work as a commissioner on the United States Commission on Civil Rights and as the first openly lesbian or gay public official in the country to have her appointment to a federal position confirmed by the United States Senate.

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South AfricaActivistIntersex

Sally Gross

Sally Gross (born Selwyn Gross; 22 August 1953 – 14 February 2014) was an anti-apartheid and intersex activist who founded Intersex South Africa. She played a crucial role in supporting intersex activists and securing the first mention of intersex in national law in South Africa. Despite facing challenges with her own gender classification, Gross advocated for intersex rights and left a lasting impact on the understanding and acceptance of gender diversity.

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IsraelActivistJewish

Yael Dayan

Yaël Dayan, an Israeli politician and author, has made significant contributions through her political activism and literary work. From being a Captain in the IDF to serving in the Knesset, she championed peace, women’s rights, and social justice. Her writing showcased her talent for storytelling and insightful commentary, while her political career reflected her dedication to creating a more egalitarian society.

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United StatesBoxerBusiness

Jackie Kallen

Jackie Kallen is a pioneering female manager in the world of boxing. Her inspiring life story, from a show business journalist to a sports journalist, has garnered attention and recognition. Despite facing challenges and controversies throughout her career, Kallen’s resilience and dedication have left an indelible mark in the history of boxing.

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New ZealandChemistIntersex

Eliana Rubashkyn

Eliana Rubashkyn is a New Zealand pharmacist and chemist who fought for her rights as an intersex person. Despite facing mistreatment and statelessness in Hong Kong, Rubashkyn demonstrated resilience and worked to support LGBTI asylum seekers and refugees. She eventually sought asylum in New Zealand, where she continues to advocate for the rights of the LGBTQI+ community.

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IsraelActivistJewish

Dana Olmert

Dana Olmert is an Israeli left-wing activist, literary theorist, and editor. She is widely recognized for her contributions to literature and her work in advocating for social justice issues. Born in Jerusalem, Olmert’s academic achievements are noteworthy. She obtained a PhD in literature from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, specializing in “The Growth of Hebrew Poetry by Women During the Twenties: Psychoanalytical and Feminist Perspectives.” Her dedication to social justice is evident through her involvement with the organization Machsom Watch, and her courage and unwavering commitment to equal rights have made her a role model for young LGBTQ+ individuals.

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CanadaActorJewish

k.d. lang

k.d. lang, born Kathryn Dawn Lang on November 2, 1961, is a Canadian pop and country singer-songwriter, as well as an occasional actress. Known by her stage name k.d. lang, she has garnered critical acclaim and received numerous awards throughout her career. A mezzo-soprano, lang’s unique vocal range, combined with her songwriting prowess, has made her a beloved figure in the music industry.

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ArgentinaJewishMartial Artist

Daniela Krukower

Daniela Yael Krukower, a former judoka from Argentina, achieved significant success throughout her judo career. Her victory at the World Judo Championships in Osaka, where she defeated the Cuban Olympic gold medalist, propelled her to celebrity status in Argentina. Despite a severe hand injury that forced her to withdraw from the 2004 Olympic Games, Daniela’s determination and resilience earned her the nickname “Iron Lady.” Her legacy continues to inspire aspiring athletes in the world of judo.

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IsraelJewishMartial Artist

Yarden Gerbi

Yarden Gerbi is an Israeli former judoka world champion, known for her exceptional talent and determination. She achieved great success in her career, winning multiple Israeli championships and becoming Israel’s first female world judo champion. Gerbi also won a bronze medal at the Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, solidifying her status as one of the greatest judokas in Israeli history.

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IsraelJewishMartial Artist

Inbar Lanir

Inbar Lanir is an Israeli Olympic judoka and world champion. She has achieved remarkable success in the sport of judo, winning championships and medals at various competitions. Lanir’s dedication to the sport, resilience in the face of challenges, and impact on women’s achievements in judo make her a trailblazer and role model in her field. With her goal-oriented mindset and unwavering work ethic, Lanir is poised for even greater success in the future.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Debra Kolodny

Debra Kolodny is a prominent figure in the fields of bisexual rights activism and congregational rabbinic ministry. Throughout their life, Kolodny has played a crucial role in advocating for the rights and acceptance of bisexual individuals within religious communities. Their relentless dedication to social justice and their pioneering work have made a lasting impact on both the LGBTQ+ community and religious organizations.

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United StatesGovernmentJewish

Tammy Baldwin

Tammy Baldwin, born and raised in Madison, Wisconsin, is an American politician and lawyer who made history as the first openly LGBT woman elected to the United States Senate. Throughout her career, she has been a strong advocate for progressive policies, including Medicare for All, LGBTQ+ rights, and gun control. Baldwin’s dedication and perseverance have made a lasting impact on American society.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Edith Windsor

Edith “Edie” Windsor, an American LGBT rights activist and technology manager at IBM, played a pivotal role in the advancement of same-sex marriage rights. Her landmark Supreme Court case, United States v. Windsor, led to the declaration of Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act as unconstitutional. Edie’s determination and courage made her a symbol of hope for many LGBTQ+ individuals.

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BelgiumActivistActor

Lydia Chagoll

Lydia Chagoll (1931-2020) was a Dutch-born dancer, choreographer, film director, screenwriter, writer, and actress. Her experiences during World War II, including being held in Japanese Internment Camps in Indonesia, shaped her worldview and fueled her commitment to shedding light on injustice. Chagoll’s impactful work in film, such as “In the Name of the Führer” and “Voor de glimlach van een kind,” brought attention to important social issues and led to the founding of organizations dedicated to protecting vulnerable children. Her contributions to the arts and social activism have left a lasting impact on Dutch and Belgian society.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Adrienne Rich

Adrienne Cecile Rich (1929-2012) was a highly influential American poet, essayist, and feminist. She challenged rigid forms of feminist identities, advocating for a more inclusive and fluid understanding of womanhood. Rich’s profound contributions to literature, feminism, and social justice continue to inspire and provoke conversation today. Her unapologetic exploration of power dynamics and her relentless fight for equality and justice have left an enduring mark on the literary canon and the feminist movement.

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CanadaActivistJewish

Barbara Findlay

Barbara Findlay is a Canadian lawyer and passionate advocate for LGBT rights. Her career, dedicated to fighting for equality and justice for the LGBTQ+ community, has had a profound impact on society, making her a prominent figure in women’s history.

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United StatesActivistBroadcaster

Jazz Jennings

Jazz Jennings, an American YouTube personality, TV personality, and LGBT rights activist, gained national attention at a young age for her open and articulate perspective on being transgender. Supported by her family, Jazz has used various platforms to advocate for transgender rights and raise awareness about gender identity issues. Through her show “I Am Jazz” and her engaging YouTube videos, she has become an inspiration for others on their own journeys of self-discovery and acceptance.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Madeline Davis

Madeline Davis, an American LGBT activist and historian, dedicated her life to advocating for gay rights and preserving the history of the lesbian community in Buffalo, New York. From co-founding the first gay rights organization in Western New York to becoming the first openly lesbian delegate at a major party national convention, Davis made significant contributions to LGBTQ+ rights. Her groundbreaking book, “Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community,” remains an important work in LGBTQ+ history.

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United StatesBusinessComputer Scientist

Lisa Gelobter

Lisa Gelobter is a renowned computer scientist, technologist, and chief executive known for her groundbreaking work in the tech industry. Gelobter’s diverse background has been influential in shaping her career. Her multicultural heritage has instilled in her a deep understanding of diversity, inclusion, and the importance of equal representation. Gelobter has made significant contributions to various fields, including software development, digital services, and social impact. She has held leadership roles in both the public and private sectors, and her commitment to creating a safe and inclusive work environment has had a lasting impact on the industry. Her pioneering work in technology has paved the way for future generations of women and minorities in the industry.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanBusiness

Sandra Lawson

Sandra Lawson, the first openly gay, female, and black rabbi in the world, has broken barriers and made significant contributions to the Jewish community and society as a whole. Throughout her life, Lawson’s passion for diversity and social justice has driven her to advocate for LGBTQ+ rights and racial equality. Her unique intersectional identity and unwavering commitment to inclusivity have inspired and challenged traditional notions of what a rabbi can be.

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United StatesEducatorJewish

Carol Meyers

Carol Lyons Meyers is an esteemed American feminist biblical scholar, known for her significant contributions to the field of religious studies. Born in 1942 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, Meyers developed a passion for learning from an early age…

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United StatesComputer ScientistJewish

Ruth Teitelbaum

Ruth Teitelbaum was a pioneering computer programmer who made significant contributions to the field of computing during its early days. She played a vital role in programming the ENIAC computer, the first all-electronic digital computer, and helped develop ballistics software for their complex calculations. Teitelbaum’s work has had a lasting impact on the field of computing and her contributions were finally recognized through documentaries such as “Top Secret Rosies: The Female ‘Computers’ of WWII.”

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IsraelUnited StatesArcher

Shafi Goldwasser

Shafi Goldwasser, an Israeli-American computer scientist, is widely recognized for her contributions to cryptography. With a Bachelor’s degree from Carnegie Mellon and a PhD from Berkeley, she collaborated with Manuel Blum to propose the Blum-Goldwasser cryptosystem. Goldwasser’s research focuses on computational complexity theory and cryptography, and she is known for her work on probabilistic encryption and zero-knowledge proofs. Notably, she received the Turing Award in 2012 for her advancements in cryptography.

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GermanyTurkeyComputer Scientist

Marianne Laqueur

Marianne Laqueur, a German Jewish refugee to Turkey, was a pioneering computer scientist and local politician. Forced to emigrate due to Nazi persecution, she settled in Ankara and became part of the Haymatloz community. Laqueur had a distinguished career in computer science, working for companies like IBM and NCR, and later dedicated herself to local politics, serving on the Wiesbaden city council.

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IsraelComputer ScientistJewish

Judith Gal-Ezer

Judith Gal-Ezer is an Israeli computer scientist and computer science educator known for her development of the high school computer science curriculum in Israel. She is a professor emerita at the Open University of Israel, with a career spanning several decades. Gal-Ezer’s contributions to computer science education have been recognized through various awards and honors. Her dedication has shaped the future of computer science education in Israel and beyond, making her an influential figure in the field.

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IsraelComputer ScientistJewish

Keren Elazari

Keren Elazari, also known as k3r3n3, is an Israeli cybersecurity analyst, writer, and speaker. She is a senior researcher at the Tel Aviv University Interdisciplinary Cyber Research Center. Elazari’s interest in hacking began at a young age, and she went on to become a white-hat hacker. She has given several talks on the positive impact hackers can have on cybersecurity and is the first Israeli woman to give a TED Talk.

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IsraelBusinessComputer Scientist

Kira Radinsky

Kira Radinsky, born in Ukraine in 1986, is an Israeli computer scientist, inventor, and entrepreneur who has made significant contributions to the field of predictive data mining. She co-founded SalesPredict during her Ph.D. studies, which led to its acquisition by eBay in 2016. Radinsky gained recognition for her groundbreaking prediction of a cholera outbreak in Cuba and has been honored with various awards for her innovative work, including being named “Woman of the Year” by Lady Globes magazine in 2016.

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IsraelArcherComputer Scientist

Dorit Dor

Dorit Dor, an Israeli executive and computer scientist, is best known as the Chief Technology Officer of Check Point Software Technologies Ltd, where she has made significant contributions to the field of cybersecurity. Her passion for technology and problem-solving emerged early on, leading her to excel in her studies and pursue a Bachelor of Science degree in computer science and mathematics. Dorit’s talent caught the attention of the Israel Defense Forces, where she served in Unit 8200, eventually reaching the position of major. Her career at Check Point has been marked by her dedication and leadership, culminating in her appointment as the Chief Technology Officer in 2023. Dorit is recognized as a prominent figure in the field of cybersecurity and has received numerous awards and accolades for her contributions.

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IsraelBusinessComputer Scientist

Orna Berry

Orna Berry is an Israeli computer scientist, high-tech entrepreneur, and senior executive in the Israeli science and technology industries. She has made significant contributions to the field of computer science and has played a crucial role in promoting research and development in Israel.

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UruguayArcherComputer Scientist

Ida Holz

Ida Holz Bard, a pioneer in the field of computing and the Internet, was born on January 30, 1935 in Uruguay. Her early experiences in Israel and Uruguay shaped her remarkable career. She became part of the first generation of Uruguayan computer science students and later led the development of the Internet in Uruguay. Her commitment to autonomy and self-determination in the realm of the Internet made her a respected figure. Holz Bard’s groundbreaking work and dedication have left an indelible mark on technology and women’s empowerment.

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JapanBalletDancer

Misa Kuranaga

Misa Kuranaga is a Japanese ballerina who has made a significant impact in the world of dance. Born in 1982 or 1983, Kuranaga began her training at the Jinushi Kaoru Ballet School in Japan before continuing her studies at the prestigious School of American Ballet in New York City. Her talent and dedication led her to join the San Francisco Ballet, where she started her professional career. Later, she became a principal dancer at the renowned Boston Ballet, making history as the first Asian person to achieve this position.

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IsraelChoreographerDancer

Rina Schenfeld

Rina Schenfeld is an Israeli choreographer and dancer who has made significant contributions to the field of dance. Her innovative use of physical objects in her performances and her mentorship of future generations have solidified her place as a trailblazer in the world of dance. Through her choreographic brilliance and dedication to her craft, Schenfeld continues to inspire generations of dancers and artists alike.

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FranceJewishPolitician

Simone Veil

Simone Veil was a French magistrate, Holocaust survivor, and politician. She served as health minister in several governments and was the first woman to be elected President of the European Parliament. Veil is best known for advocating for women’s rights in France and successfully legalizing abortion in 1975. She dedicated much of her life to preserving the memory of the Holocaust and fighting against discrimination. Her legacy as a trailblazer and advocate for justice and equality continues to inspire.

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TurkeyArchaeologistJewish

Muazzez İlmiye Çığ

Muazzez İlmiye Çığ (born 20 June 1914) is a Turkish archaeologist and Assyriologist who specializes in the study of Sumerian civilization. Born in Bursa, Turkey, Çığ has dedicated her life to unraveling the mysteries of ancient Mesopotamia and shedding light on the fascinating world of Sumer. Her groundbreaking research and unyielding passion for her field have made her one of the most influential female historians of our time.

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Great BritainJewishPhysicist

Jess Wade

Jessica Alice Feinmann Wade BEM, a British physicist, is known for her groundbreaking work in Raman spectroscopy and her research on polymer-based organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Wade’s passion for science was influenced by her family’s background in medicine. She obtained her Master of Science and Ph.D. in physics from Imperial College London and has published her research findings in esteemed scientific journals. Wade is not only a successful scientist but also an advocate for gender equality in STEM fields. Her dedication has earned her the prestigious British Empire Medal.

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HungaryJewishSwimmer

Eva Szekely

Éva Székely was a Hungarian swimmer who defied expectations and left an indelible mark on the sport. Overcoming discrimination and the horrors of the Holocaust, she became one of Hungary’s greatest athletes. With numerous medals, world records, and prestigious awards, her exceptional journey continues to inspire athletes around the world.

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CanadaBoxerJewish

Aileen Eaton

Aileen LeBell Eaton, born on February 5, 1909, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, was a prominent figure in the boxing and professional wrestling industry. She had a remarkable career as a promoter, spanning over five decades, and played a significant role in shaping the west coast’s boxing and wrestling scene.

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SwedenJewishReligious Leader

Elizabeth Hesselblad

Elizabeth Hesselblad, a Swedish religious sister, founded the active branch of the Bridgettine order known as the “Bridgettine Sisters.” During World War II, she courageously saved the lives of Jews, earning recognition as a Righteous Among the Nations. Her selflessness and dedication to the Catholic Church led to her beatification in 2000 and canonization in 2016.

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BulgariaActivistJewish

Julia Malinova

Julia Malinova, née Jakovlevna Scheider (1869-1953), was a Bulgarian suffragist and women’s rights activist. She played a crucial role in advancing the rights and status of women in Bulgaria during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As a co-founder and two-time chairperson of the Bulgarian Women’s Union, Malinova tirelessly fought for gender equality and the empowerment of women.

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CanadaActivistJewish

Léa Roback

Léa Roback was a remarkable Canadian trade union organizer, social activist, pacifist, and feminist, known for her relentless campaign against exclusion, violence, racism, and injustice. Her contributions as a polyglot and suffragist made her a pioneer of feminism in Quebec.

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GermanyActivistJewish

Clara Zetkin

Clara Zetkin was a prominent figure in the German Marxist movement and a leading advocate for women’s rights. Her dedication to socialism and women’s liberation left an indelible mark on women’s history and inspired generations of activists.

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GermanyJewishWriter

Henriette Arendt

Henriette Arendt (1874-1922) was a pioneering German policewoman and writer. Fluent in multiple languages, Arendt became a nurse before joining the police force as a “Police Assistant” at age 28. Passionate about her work, she faced conflicts with her superiors due to her outspokenness. After resigning, she dedicated her efforts to aiding orphaned children and fighting child trafficking. Arendt’s book “Experiences of a Police Assistant” provides valuable insights into her groundbreaking career. She passed away in Mainz, leaving behind a legacy as a trailblazing female police officer and advocate for children’s rights.

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United StatesComputer ScientistEngineer

Ruzena Bajcsy

Ruzena Bajcsy, an American engineer and computer scientist specializing in robotics, has made significant contributions to the field throughout her career. Born in 1933 in Bratislava, which was then part of Czechoslovakia and is now Slovakia, she grew up in a Jewish family. While her father’s work as a civil engineer initially spared her family from Nazi concentration camps, tragically, most of her adult relatives were killed by the Nazis in late 1944.

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HungaryUnited StatesComputer Scientist

Klára Dán von Neumann

Klára Dán von Neumann, a Hungarian-American mathematician and computer scientist, was a pioneer in computer programming. She made significant contributions to the field, including programming the MANIAC I machine. Klára’s work on translating mathematical instructions into a computer language was crucial for its successful operation. Despite her groundbreaking achievements, she did not receive any official awards or recognitions.

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United StatesComputer ScientistJewish

Ida Rhodes

Ida Rhodes was an influential American mathematician who played a crucial role in early computer development. Born as Hadassah Itzkowitz in Ukraine, she immigrated to the United States at the age of 13. She studied mathematics at Cornell University and went on to work on the Mathematical Tables Project. Rhodes was a pioneer in programming systems and designed the C-10 programming language. She received multiple awards for her contributions to computing.

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CanadaUnited KingdomJewish

Rhea Clyman

Rhea Clyman was a Polish-born Canadian journalist who reported on the devastating Holodomor in the Soviet Union. Her firsthand accounts shed light on the tragic famine and its toll on the Ukrainian people. Clyman’s fearless pursuit of truth and justice made her a prominent figure in journalism and a champion for humanitarian causes.

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United StatesFigure SkaterJewish

Sarah Hughes

Sarah Elizabeth Hughes is an American politician and former competitive figure skater. She achieved great success in her skating career, winning the Olympic title in 2002 and a bronze medal in the World Championships in 2001. Hughes is also known for her advocacy work, particularly for breast cancer awareness, and her support for Figure Skating in Harlem. She continues to pursue her education and is currently obtaining a business degree at Stanford University.

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United StatesComputer ScientistJewish

Lenore Blum

Lenore Carol Blum is an American computer scientist and mathematician known for her significant contributions to real number computation, cryptography, and pseudorandom number generation. She has held prestigious positions and has been a pioneer in diversifying the fields of mathematics and computer science. Blum’s dedication to promoting diversity and empowering women in mathematics has made a lasting impact in her field.

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AustriaGermanyNetherlands

Cilli Wang

Cilli Wang, born Zäzilie Wang on February 1, 1909, in Vienna, was an Austrian-born Dutch dancer, performer, and theater maker. She is best known for her work as a dancer and later as a comedienne, making significant contributions to the arts in Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands. Wang’s performances were characterized by a wide range of captivating and absurd characters, showcasing her impeccable mastery of various artistic mediums. Through her innovative and multifaceted approach to performance, she pushed boundaries and inspired generations of artists.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Judith Heumann

Judith Ellen Heumann (1947-2023) was an American disability rights activist, known as the “Mother of the Disability Rights Movement.” She dedicated her life to advocating for the rights of people with disabilities and played a significant role in shaping human rights legislation. Heumann’s personal experiences and exceptional leadership skills led to her international recognition and numerous achievements in the field of disability rights.

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AustriaChoreographerDancer

Gertrud Bodenwieser

Gertrud Bodenwieser (3 February 1890 – 10 November 1959) was a renowned dancer, choreographer, and dance teacher who played a significant role in the development of modern expressive dance. Born in Vienna, Austria, she revolutionized the world of dance with her innovative choreography, captivating performances, and influential teaching methods.

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United KingdomBalletChoreographer

Alicia Markova

Dame Alicia Markova DBE (1 December 1910 – 2 December 2004) was a British ballerina and a choreographer, director, and teacher of classical ballet. She is widely regarded as one of the greatest dancers of the 20th century and made significant contributions to the world of ballet.

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LatviaBalletDancer

Tatjana Barbakoff

Tatjana Barbakoff, a renowned ballet and Chinese style dancer, captivated audiences worldwide with her flamboyance, legendary beauty, and sharp sense of humor. Born in 1899 in Hasenpoth, Courland Governorate (now Latvia), she gained recognition for her solo performances and toured internationally. Despite facing tragedy and internment during World War II, Barbakoff’s remarkable career as a dancer continues to inspire young dancers today.

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United StatesBasketballJewish

Senda Berenson Abbott

Senda Berenson Abbott, a trailblazer in the field of women’s basketball, introduced and adapted rules for the sport at Smith College in 1899. She authored the first Basketball Guide for Women, elevating the level of play and promoting a greater understanding of the sport among women. Inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame, the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, and the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame, her legacy as a pioneer and influential figure in women’s basketball is undeniable.

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Bosnia and HerzegovinaDoctorJewish

Roza Papo

Roza Papo was a Bosnian Jewish physician and general who made history as the first woman to rise to the rank of general on the Balkan Peninsula. She dedicated her life to serving her country, both during the Second World War as a member of the Yugoslav Partisans, and in her post-war career as a renowned infectologist. Her contributions to medicine and her bravery on the battlefield earned her numerous awards and recognition.

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IsraelAviationJewish

Yael Rom

Yael Rom (1932-2006) was a pioneering female pilot in the Israeli Air Force, breaking barriers for women in the military and aviation fields. She was among the first women trained and certified by the force, paving the way for future generations. Rom’s exemplary service extended beyond her military career as she made significant contributions to education and equality, ensuring that individuals from diverse backgrounds had equal opportunities to succeed. Her determination and trailblazing spirit continue to inspire women in traditionally male-dominated fields.

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SwedenUnited StatesAstronaut

Jessica Meir

Jessica Ulrika Meir is an American NASA astronaut, marine biologist, and physiologist. Her passion for exploration and science was evident from an early age. Meir’s interest in space and nature was sparked by watching the Space Shuttle missions on television. She pursued postdoctoral research in comparative physiology at the University of British Columbia, delving into the intriguing world of diving physiology and behavior of emperor penguins in Antarctica. This research allowed her to unveil the secrets of these incredible creatures and shed light on their adaptations to extreme aquatic environments. Meir’s talent and expertise were further recognized when she participated in ESA CAVES, a training course where international astronauts undertake missions in a space-analogue cave environment. On September 25, 2019, Meir’s dream culminated in her launch to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard Soyuz MS-15. She served as a Flight Engineer during Expeditions 61 and 62, conducting critical experiments, carrying out maintenance tasks, and contributing to the overall success of the missions. One of the most significant milestones in Meir’s career occurred on October 18, 2019, when she and Christina Koch made history as the first women to participate in an all-female spacewalk. Meir’s remarkable contributions have earned her numerous accolades and recognition, including being named one of Time magazine’s 100 Most Influential People of 2020.

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IsraelJewishPolitician

Golda Meir

Golda Meir, Israel’s first and only female Prime Minister, was known as the “Iron Lady” of Israeli politics. Born in Kyiv, Ukraine in 1898, she immigrated to the United States as a child and later settled in Mandatory Palestine. Meir played a significant role in Israel’s establishment and served in various leadership positions. Despite challenges, she exhibited strong leadership and diplomacy, leaving behind an enduring legacy.

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PolandActivistJewish

Roza Robota

Roza Robota, a remarkable and courageous woman, played a significant role in the resistance against the Nazis during the Holocaust. After surviving the initial selection at Auschwitz, she joined the underground resistance within the camp and became involved in smuggling gunpowder for the Sonderkommando’s plan to blow up Crematorium III. Despite being discovered and brutally tortured by the Gestapo, Roza remained steadfast in protecting the identities of her fellow resistance members. She was tragically hanged by the Nazis at the age of 23, leaving behind a legacy of strength and bravery.

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IsraelActivistJewish

Tanya Reinhart

Tanya Reinhart was an influential Israeli linguist and activist who made remarkable contributions to linguistics and the analysis of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Despite facing challenges throughout her career, Reinhart’s work was highly regarded by Noam Chomsky. She explored various aspects of linguistics and her activism earned her respect and admiration. Reinhart passed away in 2007, leaving behind a legacy as a dedicated advocate for Palestinian rights and a prominent figure in the study of linguistics.

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IsraelAviationJewish

Tamar Ariel

Tamar Ariel, Israel’s first female Orthodox pilot, broke barriers and inspired others through her determination and courage. Despite setbacks and a tragic end, her legacy continues to empower and inspire.

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HungaryFencerJewish

Ildikó Újlaky-Rejtő

Ildikó Rejtő, a retired Hungarian foil fencer, overcame adversity and achieved remarkable success in her career. Despite being born into a Jewish family during World War II and facing the challenge of being deaf, she pursued her passion for fencing. With determination and dedication, Rejtő became a two-time Olympic champion and a five-time World Champion, leaving a lasting impact on women’s sports history.

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United StatesJewishSwimmer

Keena Rothhammer

Keena Ruth Rothhammer was an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in two events. Born on February 26, 1957, in Little Rock, Arkansas, Rothhammer’s swimming career would leave a lasting impact on the sport, placing her among the most accomplished female swimmers of her time.

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United StatesJewishSwimmer

Rebecca Soni

Rebecca Soni, born in 1987, is an American former competition swimmer and breaststroke specialist. She is known for her incredible achievements in swimming, including being a six-time Olympic medalist and former world record-holder. Soni’s impact on women’s swimming is undeniable, and she continues to inspire future generations.

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HungaryJewishSwimmer

Andrea Gyarmati

Andrea Gyarmati, born in Budapest, Hungary in 1954, followed in her parents’ Olympic footsteps to become a standout swimmer. Competing in multiple events at the 1968 and 1972 Olympic Games, Gyarmati’s notable achievements include winning a silver medal in the 100-meter backstroke and a bronze medal in the 100-meter butterfly in 1972. Her dedication to the sport, numerous national championships, and world records have made her an inspiration for swimmers worldwide.

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IndiaJewishTennis

Amrit Kaur of Mandi

Rani Shri Amrit Kaur Sahiba was an influential figure in Indian history, dedicated to women’s rights and uplifting the marginalized. With a privileged upbringing, she excelled academically and explored her interests in sports and the arts. After marrying the Raja of Mandi, she embarked on a journey that led her to dedication in fighting for marginalized women. Unfortunately, her marriage faced challenges, and she made the courageous decision to leave India and seek refuge in Paris. Her activism led to her arrest during World War II, and she tragically passed away in London in 1948. Her unwavering dedication to women’s rights and fight against injustice continues to inspire generations.

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United StatesHigh JumperJewish

Gretel Bergmann

Gretel Bergmann, a German Jewish high jumper, faced numerous challenges and discrimination in her athletic career due to her Jewish origins. Despite being expelled from her club and being pressured to return to Germany by the Nazi government, she showed resilience and continued to excel in her sport. Bergmann’s inspiring story serves as a testament to the strength and determination of women in sports history.

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JordanActivistJewish

Zein al-Sharaf bint Jamil

Queen Zein al-Sharaf bint Jamil was a prominent figure in Jordanian history, actively supporting charitable works, women’s rights, and playing a significant role in the political development of the country. Her dedication to humanitarian causes and her unwavering commitment to the welfare of orphaned children left a lasting impact on Jordanian society. Her contributions continue to inspire and shape the nation today.

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IsraelGymnastJewish

Ágnes Keleti

Ágnes Keleti, the oldest living Olympic champion and medalist in history, was a Hungarian-Israeli gymnast and coach. She dominated the Hungarian gymnastics scene, winning the Championships ten times. Despite facing challenges during World War II, Keleti’s fighting spirit remained unbroken, and she went on to win numerous medals at the Summer Olympics. Her legacy in gymnastics is unparalleled, and she continues to inspire generations with her perseverance and determination.

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FranceActivistJewish

Aimée Lallement

Marie-Aimée Éléonore Lallement, born on August 16, 1898, in Givet, France, was a prominent figure in the fields of community activism, socialism, and feminism. Best known for her exceptional athletic achievements in the 110m sprint and javelin throw, Lallement also played a significant role as a Righteous Among the Nations during World War II. Her life was filled with remarkable accomplishments, enduring struggles, and a lifelong dedication to improving society and empowering women.

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UkraineDiscus ThrowerJewish

Faina Melnik

Faina Grigorievna Melnik was a trailblazing Soviet discus thrower who shattered barriers and set world records throughout her career. From her early promise in athletics to her Olympic gold medal and 11 world records, Melnik’s indomitable spirit and Jewish heritage made her an inspiring figure in the world of women’s track and field. Her legacy as a champion and mentor to future athletes continues to inspire generations.

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RomaniaJewishTable Tennis

Angelica Rozeanu

Angelica Rozeanu, the most successful female table tennis player in history, was born on October 15, 1921. Her remarkable career spanned several decades, achieving numerous accolades and records. After winning her first Romanian national championship in 1936, she dominated the sport for over two decades, securing her first World Championship title in 1950. Rozeanu’s exceptional talent and dedication to table tennis earned her numerous awards and recognitions, solidifying her status as one of the greatest players in the history of the sport. She passed away on February 21, 2006, leaving behind an enduring legacy.

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HungaryJewishTable Tennis

Anna Sipos

Anna Sipos, a Hungarian international table tennis player, had a brilliant career and won a total of 21 medals in the World Table Tennis Championships, including eleven gold. Her remarkable six consecutive women’s doubles wins displayed her extraordinary teamwork and determination. Sipos was not only a dominant force in the sport but also a trailblazer as a Jewish athlete, overcoming challenges and breaking stereotypes. Her legacy as an icon in women’s sports history will always be remembered.

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LithuaniaActivistJewish

Ona Šimaitė

Ona Šimaitė was a Lithuanian librarian at Vilnius University who risked her life to aid and rescue Jews in the Vilna Ghetto during World War II. She smuggled food, weapons, and documents into the ghetto, served as a mail carrier, and provided refuge for Jewish children. Despite being captured and tortured by the Gestapo, she survived and continued her work. She was recognized as a Righteous Among the Nations in 1966.

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LithuaniaDoctorJewish

Elena Kutorgienė

Elena Kutorgienė, a Lithuanian physician, played a courageous role during World War II by rescuing Jewish children from the Kovno Ghetto, hiding them in her home, and placing them in the homes of gentiles to save them from genocide. She also documented the harsh conditions faced by Soviet prisoners of war. Despite facing death threats, Kutorgienė’s compassionate actions earned her recognition as Righteous Among the Nations.

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PolandActivistJewish

Zofia Kossak-Szczucka

Zofia Kossak-Szczucka was a Polish writer and World War II resistance fighter. She co-founded two Polish organizations to assist Polish Jews and actively participated in underground press activities. Despite being arrested by the Germans and sent to Auschwitz concentration camp, she survived the war. Her bravery, activism, and resilience solidified her place in history as a true hero.

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PolandJewishNun

Matylda Getter

Matylda Getter (1870–1968) was a Polish Catholic nun, known for her role during World War II in saving the lives of hundreds of Jewish children from the Warsaw Ghetto. As the mother provincial of the Franciscan Sisters of the Family of Mary in Warsaw, Getter worked alongside Irena Sendler and the ?egota resistance organization. Her dedication and unwavering commitment to improving the lives of children resonated throughout Poland. Her legacy continues to inspire and remind us of the power of compassion and resistance in the face of adversity.

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SlovakiaActivistJewish

Gisi Fleischmann

Gisi Fleischmann was a courageous Zionist activist and leader of the Bratislava Working Group during the Holocaust. She fought against the injustices faced by Jews under Nazi occupation and played a pivotal role in rescuing Jews from deportation and extermination. Although her efforts to negotiate the release of European Jews from captivity ultimately fell through, her work, along with the Bratislava Working Group, exposed the horrors of Auschwitz and saved many lives.

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IrelandJewishSinger

Delia Murphy

Delia Murphy Kiernan (1902-1971) was an Irish folk singer and collector of Irish ballads. Known as the Queen of Connemara, she recorded numerous records and made significant contributions to Irish cultural history. She also played a crucial role during World War II, assisting in the rescue and protection of thousands of individuals. Her dedication to music and humanitarian efforts have made her a symbol of Ireland and its people.

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HungaryJewishNun

Sára Salkaházi

Sára Salkaházi, a Hungarian Catholic religious sister, risked her life to save approximately one hundred Jews during World War II. She was tragically executed by the pro-Nazi Arrow Cross Party, but her heroic actions were recognized when she was beatified in 2006. Sára’s story serves as a powerful reminder of courage and resilience in the face of adversity.

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GermanyActivistEducator

Elisabeth Abegg

Elisabeth Abegg, a German educator and resistance fighter against Nazism, risked her own safety to save numerous lives during the Holocaust. She sheltered approximately 80 Jews between 1942 and 1945, establishing an extensive network of rescuers. Her legacy of bravery and compassion has earned her admiration and respect.

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HungaryActivistJewish

Margit Slachta

Margit Slachta was a Hungarian nun, social activist, politician, and member of parliament of the Kingdom of Hungary. She became the first woman to be elected to the Diet of Hungary in 1920 and founded the Sisters of Social Service in 1923. Slachta dedicated her life to social justice, advocating for women’s rights, and providing assistance to the persecuted, making her an influential figure in Hungarian history.

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United KingdomEducatorJewish

Bertha Bracey

Bertha Lilian Bracey (1893–1989) was an English Quaker teacher and aid worker who organized relief and sanctuary for Europeans affected by the turmoil before, during, and after the Second World War. Her remarkable efforts included the rescue of many Jewish children threatened by the Holocaust through the operation known as the Kindertransport. Bracey’s selfless dedication to humanitarian work has rightfully earned her recognition as a British Hero of the Holocaust in 2010.

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IsraelAviationJewish

Keren Tendler

Keren Tendler, Israel’s first female helicopter flight mechanic, broke gender barriers in the military after women were allowed to serve in combat positions. Despite the challenges of her demanding role, Tendler overcame obstacles with intelligence, diligence, and perseverance. Tragically, her life was cut short during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict when her helicopter was shot down. Her legacy lives on through a fund established in her name, empowering young women to pursue careers in aviation.

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United StatesJewishSinger

Dinah Shore

Dinah Shore (born Frances ‘Fanny’ Rose Shore; February 29, 1916 – February 24, 1994) was an American singer, actress, and television personality, and the top-charting female vocalist of the 1940s. She rose to prominence as a recording artist during the Big Band era. Shore’s talent, charisma, and versatility made her a beloved figure in the entertainment industry for over four decades.

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United StatesGolferJewish

Amy Alcott

Amy Alcott, born on February 22, 1956, in Kansas City, Missouri, is an American professional golfer and golf course designer. Her remarkable career on the LPGA Tour included winning five major championships and a total of 29 LPGA Tour events. Alcott’s contributions to the world of golf and her influential role in women’s sports have earned her a well-deserved place in the World Golf Hall of Fame.

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United StatesActorJewish

Nikki Blonsky

Nikki Blonsky, born on November 9, 1988, in Great Neck, New York, rose to fame with her breakthrough role as Tracy Turnblad in the 2007 film adaptation of Hairspray. Despite lacking professional acting and singing experience, Blonsky impressed audiences and critics alike with her infectious happiness and exceptional portrayal of the character. Her success in Hairspray led to numerous accolades and nominations, establishing her as a rising star in Hollywood.

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AustriaJewishPhysicist

Marietta Blau

Marietta Blau was an Austrian physicist who revolutionized the field of particle physics through her development of photographic nuclear emulsions. Her ingenious technique allowed for accurate imaging and measurement of high-energy nuclear particles, leading to significant advancements in scientific understanding. Despite facing challenges as a displaced scientist during World War II, Blau’s determination and pioneering work continue to inspire female scientists today.

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Great BritainEngineerJewish

Hertha Ayrton

Hertha Ayrton, a British engineer, mathematician, physicist, inventor, and suffragette, made significant contributions to various fields. Her passion for learning led her to study mathematics at Cambridge and excel academically. Her inventions and research in electrical engineering gained recognition, and she actively campaigned for women’s rights as a respected scientist.

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GermanyJewishMathematician

Emmy Noether

Amalie Emmy Noether, born in 1882 in Erlangen, Germany, was a remarkable mathematician known for her groundbreaking contributions to abstract algebra. Despite facing gender biases and discrimination, she pursued her passion for mathematics and made significant achievements throughout her career. Noether’s work on algebraic invariants and Noether’s theorem solidified her place in history as one of the most influential mathematicians. Her dedication and perseverance continue to inspire future generations of mathematicians.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Alice Walker

Alice Walker, born in 1944, is an American novelist, poet, short story writer, and social activist. She made history as the first African-American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1982 for her highly acclaimed novel, The Color Purple. Throughout her career, Walker has produced an impressive body of work, including seventeen novels, twelve non-fiction works, and collections of essays and poetry. Her activism covers various social issues, and she is known for coining the term “womanism” to celebrate the strength of women of color. However, her involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and association with David Icke’s works have sparked controversy.

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NetherlandsAstronomerJewish

Elsa van Dien

Elsa van Dien (1914-2007) was an astronomer who made significant contributions to the field of astrophysics. Born in Paramaribo, Surinam, she overcame adversity during World War II and went on to pursue her passion for astronomy. Her research on early type stars and her dedication to spreading scientific knowledge have left a lasting impact on the field. Her story is an inspiration to aspiring scientists.

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IsraelAstronomerAstrophysicist

Neta Bahcall

Neta Bahcall, an Israeli astrophysicist and cosmologist, has made significant contributions to our understanding of dark matter, the structure of the universe, quasars, and the formation of galaxies. She has held various positions at Princeton University and is currently the Eugene Higgins Professor of Astronomy. Bahcall’s work with the Hubble Space Telescope in mapping galaxies and calculating the mass of the universe has been groundbreaking. She has received numerous accolades, including being elected as a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

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United StatesJewishPhysicist

Mildred Dresselhaus

Mildred Dresselhaus, known as the “Queen of Carbon Science,” made significant contributions to the understanding of carbon and its applications. As a trailblazer for women in science, she had a remarkable career spanning over six decades, inspiring future generations. Her groundbreaking research, leadership, and commitment to diversity continue to shape the scientific community.

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United StatesJewishPhysicist

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, an American medical physicist, made groundbreaking contributions to the field of medical physics. She developed the radioimmunoassay technique, which led to her receiving the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1977, becoming the second woman and the first American-born woman to receive this prestigious award.

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AustriaJewishPhysicist

Lise Meitner

Lise Meitner, born in 1878 in Vienna, Austria, was a renowned physicist who made significant contributions to the fields of radioactivity and nuclear physics. She is best known for her role in the discovery of the element protactinium and her groundbreaking work on nuclear fission. Despite facing discrimination and persecution as a Jewish woman in Nazi Germany, Meitner’s dedication to scientific pursuits and her resilience continue to inspire generations of aspiring scientists.

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United StatesAstronomerJewish

Vera Rubin

Vera Rubin, a renowned American astronomer, made groundbreaking discoveries in the field of astrophysics. Her observations of galactic rotation curves provided evidence for the existence of dark matter, revolutionizing our understanding of the cosmos. Rubin’s dedication to advocating for women in science led to the establishment of the National Science Foundation Vera C. Rubin Observatory, ensuring her lasting legacy.

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United StatesAstronomerAstrophysicist

Andrea M. Ghez

Andrea Mia Ghez, born on June 16, 1965, in New York City, is an esteemed astrophysicist known for her groundbreaking work on the center of the Milky Way galaxy. Her research on the supermassive black hole, Sagittarius A*, has deepened our understanding of black holes’ structure and behavior. Ghez’s achievements have earned her numerous accolades and recognition, including the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2020. Her dedication and passion have inspired countless individuals, especially young women, to pursue careers in STEM fields.

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NetherlandsActivistDoctor

Aletta Jacobs

Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs, a Dutch physician and women’s suffrage activist, made history as the first woman to be admitted to the University of Groningen in 1871. She later became the first woman in the Netherlands to earn a doctorate in medicine in 1879. Jacobs’s groundbreaking work in reproductive health and her tireless efforts for women’s rights continue to inspire future generations.

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HungaryUnited StatesGovernment

Rosika Schwimmer

Hungarian-born Rosika Schwimmer was a pacifist, feminist, and suffragist. Her radical vision of world peace led to the creation of several world federalist movements and organizations, with her efforts instrumental in the establishment of the International Criminal Court. Despite facing challenges and becoming stateless, Schwimmer remained steadfast in her pursuit of a more peaceful and equal world.

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IsraelActivistJewish

Esther Eillam

Esther Eillam, born in Tel Aviv in 1939, is a prominent figure in Israeli feminism. Her activism and writings on feminism and social justice have made her a central figure in the feminist movement in Israel since its inception. Eillam’s tireless efforts have earned her numerous awards and recognition, including an honorary doctorate from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

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IsraelActivistJewish

Anat Hoffman

Anat Hoffman is an Israeli activist and the Executive Director of the Israel Religious Action Center. She is also the director and founding member of Nashot HaKotel, also known as Women of the Wall. Known for her advocacy for gender equality and women’s rights at the Western Wall, Hoffman has been recognized for her prominent role in promoting religious pluralism in Jewish society.

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NetherlandsJewishPolitician

Wilhelmina Drucker

Wilhelmina Drucker was a Dutch politician and writer who played a crucial role in advancing women’s rights. Despite difficult circumstances during her upbringing, she received a Catholic education and became actively involved in various social and political organizations. Her contributions extended beyond the Netherlands as she advocated for global gender equality. Drucker’s tireless efforts continue to inspire feminists today.

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FranceJewishJournalist

Françoise Giroud

Françoise Giroud, born Lea France Gourdji on September 21, 1916, in Lausanne, Switzerland, was a remarkable French journalist, screenwriter, writer, and politician. She made significant contributions to the fields of journalism, literature, and culture, becoming a beacon of inspiration for generations to come. Giroud’s dedication to women’s rights and cultural preservation led to her appointment as the Secretary of State for Women’s Affairs and later as the Minister of Culture. She was a trailblazer who left an indelible mark on French society.

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FranceJewishJournalist

Louise Weiss

Louise Weiss was a French author, journalist, feminist, and European politician, born in Arras, France in 1893. She dedicated her life to promoting women’s rights, social justice, and peace. Weiss played an important role in French politics, founded a hospital during World War I, and joined the French Resistance during World War II. She was a renowned figure in European politics and made significant contributions to the European Parliament. Weiss’s legacy as a trailblazer continues to inspire future generations.

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SwedenJewishJournalist

Anna Whitlock

Anna Whitlock was a Swedish reform pedagogue, journalist, suffragette, and feminist. She played a crucial role in advancing women’s rights in Sweden and made significant contributions to education reform. Whitlock’s tireless efforts as a reform pedagogue, journalist, suffragette, and feminist left a powerful legacy in Sweden. Her contributions to education reform and the advancement of women’s rights remain influential to this day.

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United StatesActivistJewish

Betty Friedan

Betty Friedan, renowned American feminist writer and activist, was born in 1921 in Peoria, Illinois. Her parents, Harry and Miriam Goldstein, were Jewish immigrants from Russia and Hungary. Friedan’s experiences with gender inequalities and limitations as a woman in both her own community and the wider society motivated her to challenge traditional gender roles and advocate for women’s rights. She conducted research among her former classmates and wrote the groundbreaking book “The Feminine Mystique,” which sparked the second wave of American feminism. Friedan co-founded the National Organization for Women (NOW) and led the Women’s Strike for Equality in 1970. She continued her advocacy work and authored six books, leaving an immeasurable impact on the feminist movement and women’s history.

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United StatesJewishJudge

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Ruth Bader Ginsburg, an American lawyer and jurist, made an indelible mark on the Supreme Court of the United States. Despite early adversity, she fearlessly pursued her dream of becoming a lawyer and went on to challenge laws that discriminated on the basis of gender. Ginsburg’s legacy as a champion for justice and equality will endure as an inspiration to future generations.

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United StatesArcherBiologist

Jewel Plummer Cobb

Jewel Plummer Cobb was an American biologist and cancer researcher who made significant contributions to the field of cancer research, particularly in studying the cure for melanoma. She was also a passionate advocate for increasing the representation of women and students of color in universities, creating programs to support underrepresented students. Her legacy as a pioneering biologist, cancer researcher, and advocate for diversity and inclusion continues to inspire generations of students.

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IsraelActorFigure Skater

Netiva Ben-Yehuda

Netiva Ben-Yehuda, an Israeli author and former Palmach commander, defied societal norms by actively participating in battles during the time of Mandate Palestine. Despite her dreams of competing in the Olympics being dashed, she pursued her academic interests and became a talented writer and editor. Ben-Yehuda’s legacy as a trailblazer continues to inspire new generations.

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South AfricaActivistJewish

Sonia Bunting

Sonia Bunting, a South African journalist, political activist, and anti-apartheid activist, dedicated her life to fighting against racial oppression and injustice. Her unwavering commitment to justice and equality, despite facing immense adversity, inspired countless others to join the struggle for freedom. Her legacy serves as a testament to the power of individuals to effect positive change in the face of injustice.

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UkraineJewishMilitary

Tatiana Markus

Tetyana Yosypivna Markus, also known as Tatiana Markus, was a courageous anti-Nazi resistance fighter during World War II. She undertook dangerous missions and carried out sabotage acts, leaving a chilling note after each killing. Despite enduring horrific torture, she never betrayed her comrades. Tatiana Markus’s unwavering commitment and acts of bravery continue to inspire future generations in the fight against tyranny.

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GermanyUnited StatesFencer

Helene Mayer

Helene Julie Mayer was a German-born fencer who won the gold and silver medals at the 1928 and 1936 Olympics, respectively. Despite being forced to leave Germany in 1935 due to her Jewish descent, Mayer chose to compete for Nazi Germany in the 1936 Olympics. She became known as one of the greatest female fencers of all time and was recognized as one of the Top 100 Female Athletes of the 20th Century by Sports Illustrated.

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HungaryFigure SkaterJewish

Lily Kronberger

Lily Kronberger, Hungary’s first World Champion figure skater, captivated audiences with her technical skill and artistic flair. Her groundbreaking performances and consecutive gold medals solidified her status as a pioneer in the sport. Kronberger’s legacy as a trailblazer for Hungarian figure skating continues to inspire future generations of athletes.

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HungaryFencerJewish

Ilona Elek

Ilona Elek, one of the greatest female fencers in history, overcame significant obstacles to achieve remarkable success. She became the first woman to win two Olympic gold medals in the individual foil competition and secured numerous international titles throughout her career. Elek’s legacy as an accomplished and influential female fencer continues to inspire athletes today.

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AustriaFencerJewish

Ellen Preis

Ellen Müller-Preis, also known as Ellen Preis, was a German-born Austrian Olympic-champion foil fencer. Her exceptional talent and dedication quickly propelled her to success in the world of fencing. She triumphed over her competitor, Heather “Judy” Guinness of England, in an exhilarating display of skill and determination to clinch the gold medal in the individual women’s foil competition at the 1932 Summer Olympics. Preis continued to inspire others with her resilience and passion for fencing until her passing in 2007, leaving behind a legacy of excellence and breaking barriers in the world of sports.

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IsraelActivistJewish

Stav Shaffir

Stav Shaffir is an Israeli politician and a prominent leader in the Israeli social justice movement. She has made significant contributions to promoting housing, public services, income equality, and democracy in Israel. Shaffir has played a crucial role in bringing attention to these issues and advocating for change.

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United StatesActivistAsian American

Linda Sarsour

Linda Sarsour, born in 1980, is an American political activist who has made significant contributions to the advancement of civil rights and social justice. As co-chair of the 2017 Women’s March, the 2017 Day Without a Woman, and the 2019 Women’s March, she has played a pivotal role in mobilizing women across the country to stand up for their rights. She has also served as the former executive director of the Arab American Association of New York, where she worked tirelessly to empower and uplift marginalized communities.

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IsraelActivistJewish

Iris Stern Levi

Iris Stern Levi, born in Jaffa, Israel in 1953, is a social activist and co-founder of non-profit organizations such as Her Academy and Turning the Tables. She is dedicated to providing vocational training to women who have experienced prostitution and violence. Through her work, Stern Levi has made a significant impact on the lives of survivors and has reshaped the conversation around women’s issues in Israeli society.

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MozambiqueSouth AfricaActivist

Ruth First

Heloise Ruth First (4 May 1925 – 17 August 1982) was a South African anti-apartheid activist and scholar. She was assassinated in Mozambique, where she was working in exile, by a parcel bomb built by South African police. Ruth First’s parents were founding members of the Communist Party of South Africa, and she followed in their footsteps, dedicating her life to the fight against apartheid. Despite facing persecution and imprisonment, she remained resilient in her efforts to expose racial segregation policies and advocate for a more just society.

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IndiaChoreographerDancer

Zohra Sehgal

Zohra Sehgal, an Indian actress, dancer, and choreographer, made a significant impact on the Indian film industry. Despite losing vision in her left eye, she pursued her passion for acting and became one of the most celebrated actresses of her time. Sehgal’s talent and versatility allowed her to portray diverse characters, earning her critical acclaim and a devoted fan base. She also made notable contributions to Indian theatre and received numerous prestigious awards for her exceptional talent and contributions to Indian art and culture.

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IndiaActorDancer

Vyjayanthimala

Vyjayanthimala, born in 1936 in Chennai, India, is celebrated as one of Indian cinema’s finest actresses and dancers. With a career that spanned several decades, she received numerous accolades, including two BFJA Awards and five Filmfare Awards. Her contributions to Indian cinema, along with her refusal to accept awards that didn’t truly recognize her talent, highlight her powerful character and commitment to her art.

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RussiaBalletDancer

Anna Pavlova

Anna Pavlovna Pavlova, born in 1881 in Saint Petersburg, Russia, was a Russian prima ballerina who achieved fame in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She is best known for her iconic role as The Dying Swan and for her world tours with her own ballet company. Despite facing physical obstacles and personal challenges, Pavlova’s dedication to her art form and groundbreaking achievements continue to inspire and influence the world of ballet to this day.

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CanadaLatviaChoreographer

Ludmilla Chiriaeff

Ludmilla Chiriaeff was a Latvian-Canadian ballet dancer, choreographer, teacher, and company director. She overcame the challenges of World War II and refugee status to become a prominent figure in the world of ballet. Her innovative choreographies and dedication to nurturing young talent have left a lasting impact on the development of ballet in Canada. Ludmilla’s contributions to women’s history in the arts are undeniable.

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AustraliaFranceCanoeing

Jessica Fox

Jessica Fox, born on June 11, 1994, in Marseille, France, is a French-born Australian Program and Policy Officer and world and Olympic champion slalom canoeist. She has achieved remarkable success in her career, including multiple Olympic medals and an impressive tally of 19 medals at the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships. With her resilience, determination, and unwavering pursuit of excellence, Fox has solidified her status as the greatest individual paddler in history.

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PolandActivistArchaeologist

Irena Sawicka

Irena Scheur-Sawicka, born on August 18, 1890, was a remarkable Polish archaeologist, ethnographer, educational activist, and communist. Her brave actions during World War II, including assisting Jewish refugees from the Warsaw Ghetto, exemplify her unwavering dedication to justice. Despite meeting an untimely demise during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, Irena Sawicka’s legacy of courage and sacrifice continues to inspire in Polish history.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerAstronaut

Judith Resnik

Judith Resnik, a pioneer in multiple fields including electrical engineering, software engineering, and biomedical engineering, tragically lost her life in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. She was the first Jewish woman in space and her dedication to her work inspired a new generation of women in STEM. Her contributions to space exploration and women’s history continue to be celebrated.

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GermanyArchaeologistJewish

Hermine Speier

Hermine “Erminia” Speier, born in 1898 in Frankfurt am Main, was a German archaeologist who made significant contributions to her field. She overcame societal barriers as a female professional in a male-dominated industry and became the first female employee of the Vatican Museums. Speier’s expertise in archaeological photo-archiving and her dedication to preserving historical artifacts have left a lasting impact on the discipline of archaeology. Her achievements continue to inspire future generations of female archaeologists.

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PolandUnited StatesActivist

Ernestine Rose

Ernestine Louise Rose, hailed as the “first Jewish feminist,” was a major intellectual force in the 19th-century American women’s rights movement. Born in 1810, she challenged societal norms and fought for women’s rights and equality. Rose’s fearless pursuit of justice and her unwavering commitment continue to inspire activists today.

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United StatesJewishSwimmer

Tiffany Cohen

Tiffany Lisa Cohen, born on June 11, 1966, is an American former swimmer who made significant contributions to the sport during her career. She gained recognition as a double gold medalist at the 1984 Summer Olympics, securing victories in both the 400-meter and 800-meter freestyle events. Cohen is known not only for her exceptional swimming abilities but also for her devout Jewish faith.

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HungaryHigh JumperJewish

Ibolya Csák

Ibolya Csák (6 January 1915 – 9 February 2006) was a Hungarian athlete who made a significant impact in the field of high jump during the 1930s. She is best known as the winner of the women’s high jump at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, where she displayed remarkable skill and determination.

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PolandJewishSprinter

Irena Szewińska

Irena Szewińska was a trailblazing Polish sprinter who left an indelible mark in the world of athletics. With an impressive career spanning nearly two decades, she held world records in the 100 m, 200 m, and 400 m, a feat unmatched by any other athlete. Szewińska’s versatility, dominance, and determination continue to inspire future generations of female athletes.

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IsraelJewishSpy

Sarah Aaronsohn

Sarah Aaronsohn was a courageous woman who played a pivotal role as a spy during World War I. Born in Zichron Yaakov, Ottoman Syria, she was a member of Nili, a Jewish spy ring working for the British. Despite facing great risks, Sarah dedicated herself to gathering and passing valuable information to aid the British cause in Palestine. Her unwavering loyalty and sacrifice made her a martyr and a symbol of bravery. Sarah was posthumously awarded the Legion of Honor for her extraordinary valor and commitment to the Allied cause.

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BelgiumActivistJewish

Suzanne Spaak

Suzanne Spaak, a French Resistance operative during World War II, dedicated her life to fighting against Nazi oppression and saving the lives of Jewish children. Her bravery and selfless dedication earned her recognition as a Righteous Among the Nations. Suzanne’s story is a testament to the power of compassion and a symbol of resistance in women’s history.

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AustraliaJewishSnowboarder

Torah Bright

Torah Jane Bright OAM is an Australian professional snowboarder and the most successful Winter Olympian in Australian history. She has achieved multiple accolades throughout her career, including Olympic gold and silver medals, X Games gold medals, and Best Female Action Sports Athlete at the ESPY Awards.

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NetherlandsActivistJewish

Marion Pritchard

Marion Philippina Pritchard was born on November 7, 1920, in Amsterdam, Netherlands. She grew up in a liberal and supportive family, with her father, Jacob van Binsbergen, being a judge on the board of regents for the prisons of Amsterdam.

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NetherlandsActivistJewish

Geertruida Wijsmuller-Meijer

Geertruida Wijsmuller-Meijer, known as ‘Truus’, was a Dutch resistance fighter who saved over 10,000 Jewish children and adults from persecution during the Second World War. Her efforts were part of the Kindertransport operation, and she was honored as Righteous among the Nations by Yad Vashem. Wijsmuller-Meijer’s dedication to helping others continued in her post-war activism, making her an inspirational figure in the fight for human rights.

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NetherlandsActivistJewish

Tina Strobos

Tina Strobos, a Dutch physician and psychiatrist, displayed extraordinary bravery during World War II by rescuing over 100 Jewish refugees from Nazi persecution. She risked her life by providing shelter, support, and hope to those in desperate need. Her unwavering commitment to their safety, even under interrogation by the Gestapo, earned her admiration and respect. Strobos’ legacy of courage and compassion serves as a powerful reminder of the crucial role women have played in shaping history.

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NetherlandsActivistAerospace Engineer

Miep Gies

Hermine “Miep” Gies, born in 1909 in Vienna, Austria, became a crucial figure in the story of Anne Frank and her family during World War II. Despite the risks, Gies and her colleague, Bep Voskuijl, provided sustenance and support to the Frank family and four other hidden Jews during their time in hiding. Gies’ courageous actions and unwavering determination to protect Anne Frank’s legacy have made her an enduring symbol of resistance and inspiration.

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GermanyGreeceMalta

Princess Alice of Battenberg

Princess Alice of Battenberg was a remarkable figure in European royal history. She overcame challenges throughout her life, including being born deaf. Her marriage connected her to the Greek and Danish royal families, but political upheaval forced her into exile multiple times. Despite personal struggles, she devoted herself to charity work and sheltered Jewish refugees during WWII. Her legacy as a selfless and dedicated individual lives on.

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PolandActivistJewish

Irena Sendler

Irena Stanisława Sendler, a Polish humanitarian and nurse, bravely rescued Jewish children during the Holocaust. In the face of danger, she smuggled children out of the Warsaw Ghetto, provided them with new identities, and found them shelter. Her unwavering courage and compassion saved countless lives and left a lasting impact on history.

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PolandActivistJewish

Wanda Krahelska-Filipowicz

Wanda Krahelska-Filipowicz, also known as “Alinka” or “Alicja,” was a key figure in Warsaw’s underground resistance during World War II. As the wife of a former ambassador, she used her connections to aid Poland’s Jewish population. She sheltered Jews in her own home and played a significant role in establishing a central organization for their assistance. Her bravery and commitment to justice left an everlasting impact on the lives of those she helped during this dark period in history.

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United StatesGymnastJewish

Aly Raisman

Aly Raisman, born Alexandra Rose Raisman on May 25, 1994, in Needham, Massachusetts, is a retired American artistic gymnast and a prominent figure in the world of gymnastics. Throughout her career, she achieved numerous accolades and became one of the most decorated American gymnasts in history. Raisman’s accomplishments, combined with her resilience and dedication, have made her an inspiration to many young athletes.

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UkraineGymnastJewish

Maria Gorokhovskaya

Maria Gorokhovskaya, a Soviet gymnast of Jewish descent, achieved historic success at the 1952 Summer Olympics by winning seven medals, a record that remains unmatched. Her talent and dedication to gymnastics solidified her position as one of the greatest gymnasts of her time and a trailblazer for women in the sport. Gorokhovskaya’s accomplishments paved the way for future generations of gymnasts and highlighted the potential of women in sports.

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GermanyArchaeologistJewish

Elise Jenny Baumgartel

Elise Jenny Baumgartel was a German Egyptologist and prehistorian who pioneered the study of the archaeology of predynastic Egypt. She challenged prevailing views and contributed significantly to our understanding of ancient Egyptian culture. Despite facing adversity as a Jewish scholar during the Nazi regime, Baumgartel’s meticulous work and dedication have left a lasting legacy in the field of Egyptology and archaeology.

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PolandActivistJewish

Regina Safirsztajn

Regina Safirsztajn (1915-1945) was a Jewish resistance fighter who played a significant role in the Auschwitz underground and the Sonderkommando revolt of 7 October 1944. Her courageous actions and unwavering determination make her a remarkable figure in the history of the Holocaust.

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