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United StatesActivistDoctor

Ann Preston

Ann Preston (1813-1872) was the first woman dean of a medical school, the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania, and a trailblazer in the field of medicine. Despite facing numerous challenges and prejudices, Preston dedicated her life to education and equality for women, leaving a lasting impact on the medical profession.

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United StatesDoctorEducator

Annie Lowrie Alexander

Annie Lowrie Alexander was an American physician and educator. She was the first licensed female physician in the Southern United States. Overcoming societal challenges, she pursued a career in medicine and made significant contributions to the field. Her dedication and hard work paved the way for future generations of female physicians.

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ScotlandDoctorEducator

Elsie Inglis

Elsie Inglis, a Scottish medical doctor, surgeon, suffragist, and founder of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals, revolutionized healthcare for women. Her pioneering work during times of crisis paved the way for future generations of female doctors. Inglis’s impact on women’s history and society as a whole cannot be overstated.

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ItalyDoctorEducator

Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori (1870-1952) was an Italian physician, educator, and innovator who developed an educational method that revolutionized the way children learn. Her approach, known as the Montessori Method, emphasized independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological and physical development. Montessori’s work had a profound impact on education, influencing teaching methods around the world.

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United StatesArcherEducator

Vijaya Melnick

Vijaya Lakshmi Melnick, born in 1937 in Calicut, Kerala, India, made significant contributions in biological and environmental sciences and immunology. Her career spanned prestigious academic institutions and organizations, leaving a lasting impact on the scientific community. Melnick was also an advocate for women’s rights, addressing the issue of violence against women on multiple platforms. Her passion, dedication, and accomplishments serve as an inspiration for future generations.

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GeorgiaBiologistEducator

Olga Guramishvili-Nikoladze

Olga Guramishvili-Nikoladze was a pioneering Georgian biologist and educator. She was one of the first Georgian women to study abroad, earning a degree in pedagogy. Guramishvili founded a girls’ school and a women’s gymnasium in Didi Jikhaishi, where she introduced sericulture and taught mechanical knitting and weaving. Her contributions to education and women’s rights left a lasting impact on Georgian society.

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AustraliaActivistBiologist

Freda Bage

Anna Frederika (Freda) Bage was an Australian biologist, university professor, principal, and women’s activist. She paved the way for women’s education at The Women’s College, University of Queensland, where she served as the first principal for 32 years. Bage’s outstanding contributions in the field of biology, her leadership skills, and dedication to women’s rights left a lasting impact on academia in Australia. Her legacy continues to inspire women in their pursuit of knowledge and success.

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United StatesDoctorEducator

Mary J. Safford

Mary Jane Safford-Blake was a nurse, physician, educator, and humanitarian who made significant contributions to the field of medicine and women’s rights. Her dedication to serving others was evident during her time as a relief worker during the Civil War, where she gained the nickname “Cairo Angel.” Safford’s impact extended beyond her medical practice, as she also advocated for women’s rights and improved educational opportunities for women and girls. Her innovative vision for cooperative housekeeping aimed to alleviate the burden of housekeeping for women. Mary Jane Safford’s work challenged societal norms and left an indelible mark on history.

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United StatesChemistEducator

Helen Murray Free

Helen Murray Free was an American chemist and educator who revolutionized in vitro self-testing systems for diseases like diabetes. Her work at Miles Laboratories allowed individuals to obtain reliable test results without the need for laboratories. She was also dedicated to scientific education and inspiring young women to pursue careers in STEM fields. Helen Murray Free’s contributions continue to shape the world today.

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AustriaUnited KingdomChemist

Ida Freund

Ida Freund was a trailblazer in chemistry and a pioneering advocate for women’s education in science. Despite facing adversity, she excelled in her studies and became the first woman to be appointed as a staff lecturer in chemistry in the United Kingdom. Her impact extended beyond academia, as she fought for gender equality and contributed to the field through research. Her indomitable spirit continues to inspire future generations of scientists.

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Great BritainEducatorMathematician

Philippa Fawcett

Philippa Garrett Fawcett, the first woman to achieve the top score in the Cambridge Mathematical Tripos exams, was a remarkable English mathematician and educator. Her groundbreaking achievement challenged societal norms and paved the way for future generations of women in the field. Her unwavering determination and exceptional talent in mathematics played a vital role in advancing women’s rights and empowering them to pursue their passions and academic aspirations.

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United StatesEducatorMathematician

Sylvia Bozeman

Sylvia D. Trimble Bozeman is an American mathematician and mathematics educator. Growing up in Camp Hill, Alabama, she was encouraged by her teachers and parents to pursue her education. She graduated as the salutatorian of her class and went on to earn her Ph.D. in mathematics, becoming one of the few Black women in the United States to do so. Bozeman has been dedicated to advancing women in mathematics through teaching and her research in operator theory and image processing.

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RussiaEducatorMathematician

Nina Bari

Nina Karlovna Bari, a prominent Soviet mathematician, made significant contributions to the field of trigonometric series. Her two influential textbooks, “Higher Algebra” and “The Theory of Series,” solidified her place in the history of mathematics. Despite the challenges faced by women in academia, Bari’s remarkable achievements and dedication to her work have inspired generations of mathematicians, especially women, to thrive.

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Equatorial GuineaLiberiaNigeria

Nkechi Agwu

Nkechi Madonna Adeleine Agwu is a renowned mathematics teacher and esteemed figure in academia. Born on October 8, 1962, in Enugu, Nigeria, she grew up in a family of educators. Her father, Jacob Ukeje Agwu, hailed from Nigeria, while her mother, Europa Lauretta Durosimi Wilson, belonged to Sierra Leone. Agwu’s early life was marked by the Nigerian Civil War, during which her family actively supported the Biafran side.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Vivienne Malone-Mayes

Vivienne Lucille Malone-Mayes, an accomplished American mathematician and professor, overcame significant obstacles to make groundbreaking contributions to the field of mathematics. Despite facing racial segregation and discrimination, she became the fifth African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics in the United States. Her determination and resilience continue to inspire future generations in the pursuit of education and knowledge.

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ChinaEducatorMathematician

Louise Zung-nyi Loh

Louise Zung-nyi Loh, a Chinese mathematician, physicist, and educator, made significant contributions to her fields. Her passion for learning and dedication to her studies led her to become a respected scholar. She served as the chair of the Chinese students’ club at Wellesley College and conducted research on the effect of temperature on the absorption of fluorescein. Throughout her career, she taught mathematics and physics at various institutions in China and the United States and played a crucial role in ensuring the safety of foreign faculty during the Nanjing Massacre. Her legacy as a dedicated educator and philanthropist continues to inspire future generations.

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SwitzerlandActivistEducator

Annie Leuch-Reineck

Annie Leuch-Reineck was a Swiss mathematician and women’s rights activist who played a crucial role in the Swiss women’s movement during the 1920s and 1930s. Motivated by a deep belief in the equality of women, she dedicated her life to advocating for women’s rights and challenging societal norms. Her contributions paved the way for progress in gender equality and women’s empowerment in Swiss society.

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United StatesEducatorMathematician

Pamela E. Harris

Pamela Estephania Harris, a renowned Mexican-American mathematician, educator, and advocate for immigrants, is making significant contributions in the field of mathematics. She is the co-founder of the online platform Lathisms, an editor of the e-mentoring blog of the American Mathematical Society, and co-hosts a podcast called “Mathematically Uncensored.” Harris’s dedication to inclusivity and diversity is evident in her advocacy work and book co-authorship. Her passion for mathematics and commitment to underrepresented groups have earned her numerous awards and recognition.

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IrelandBroadcasterEducator

Aoibhinn Ní Shúilleabháin

Aoibhinn Ní Shúilleabháin, an Irish academic, teacher, broadcaster, and science communicator, was born on October 25, 1983. Raised in a family of teachers, she had a strong educational foundation from a young age. Ní Shúilleabháin’s academic journey included studying Theoretical Physics and Biological Mathematics, but she ultimately pursued secondary teacher education. She has become a high-profile science communicator, hosting and presenting science programs on Irish television. Additionally, she achieved international recognition by winning the Rose of Tralee contest in 2005. In 2022, she was appointed to chair a national forum on biodiversity loss, highlighting her commitment to public service and environmental awareness.

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ChileActivistEducator

María Rivera Urquieta

María Mercedes Rivera Urquieta, a renowned professor and feminist, played a significant role in advancing women’s rights and empowering women in Chile. As one of the founding members of the Pro-Emancipation Movement of Chilean Women, she worked tirelessly to champion feminist ideals and create a platform for women’s voices to be heard. Her dedication extended internationally, where she represented numerous organizations and participated in discussions on nuclear power and atomic bomb use. Rivera’s contributions have left a lasting impact on society, making her a prominent figure in Chilean women’s history.

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FinlandActivistEducator

Hilda Käkikoski

Hilda Maria Käkikoski was a Finnish politician, writer, and schoolteacher who played a significant role in women’s history in Finland. Known for her tomboyish nature, she moved to Helsinki at 14 to pursue an education. Käkikoski’s unconventional teaching methods and assertive demeanor made her a fascinating role model. She became an advocate for women’s rights, and in 1907, she became one of the pioneering 19 women elected to the newly established Parliament of Finland, marking a groundbreaking achievement. Despite facing health problems, Käkikoski made notable contributions to literature and maintained several romantic relationships throughout her life. Her impact on Finnish society, particularly in the realm of women’s rights, continues to inspire.

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NorwayActivistEducator

Gina Krog

Gina Krog was a Norwegian suffragist, teacher, politician, writer, and editor, known for her role in the Norwegian liberal women’s rights movement. She co-founded multiple women’s rights organizations and played a pivotal role in advocating for women’s suffrage. Krog’s tireless efforts paid off when women in Norway were granted universal voting rights in 1913. Her legacy continues to inspire and empower women today, and she was the first woman in Norway to receive a state funeral.

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ArgentinaEducatorMathematician

Cora Ratto de Sadosky

Corina (Cora) Eloísa Ratto de Sadosky was an Argentine mathematician, educator, and militant activist. She played a vital role in supporting democratic interests during the Spanish Civil War and aiding victims of Falangist oppression. Ratto also founded the anti-fascist Junta de la Victoria during World War II and established Columna 10, a journal denouncing the United States’ conduct in the Vietnam War. Moreover, Ratto’s contributions to mathematics education were significant, as she published essential textbooks and advanced the field worldwide. Her commitment to human rights and pursuit of knowledge left a profound impact on society.

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ScotlandEducatorMathematician

Eleanor Pairman

Eleanor “Nora” Pairman, a Scottish mathematician, made significant contributions to mathematics education for blind students. She overcame personal hardships and excelled academically, earning a scholarship to pursue further studies. Pairman eventually obtained a doctorate in mathematics, becoming only the third woman to do so at Radcliffe College. Later, she dedicated herself to teaching mathematics to blind students, creating innovative methods to convey mathematical concepts. Pairman’s pioneering work had a lasting impact on the field of mathematics education, inspiring future educators and blind individuals alike.

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FranceUnited KingdomActivist

Christine Loudes

Dr. Christine Marie-Helene Loudes (1972 – 2016), a human rights lawyer, dedicated her life to advocating for gender equality and women’s rights. She played a pivotal role in ending female genital mutilation (FGM) as the head of Amnesty International’s End FGM campaign. Through her tireless efforts, Dr. Loudes raised awareness, changed policies, and protected women’s rights. Her influential career and academic achievements continue to inspire others to fight for justice and human rights.

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GermanyActivistEducator

Alice Salomon

Alice Salomon (1872-1948) was a German social reformer and pioneer of social work as an academic discipline. She played a crucial role in the development of social work in Germany, to the extent that she was honored with a commemorative postage stamp by the German post office in 1989. Her impact on the field was so significant that a university, a park, and a square in Berlin bear her name.

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United StatesEducatorIndigenous

Joyce Dugan

Joyce Dugan (born c.1952, Cherokee) is an American educator, school administrator, and politician. She served as the 24th Principal Chief of the federally recognized Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians from 1995 to 1999, making her the first woman to be elected to this position. As of 2022, she remains the only woman to have held this office.

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SingaporeBlindDeaf

Theresa Poh Lin Chan

Theresa Poh Lin Chan, born in Singapore in 1943, overcame deafblindness to become an inspiration for many. After excelling academically at the Perkins School for the Blind in Massachusetts, she returned to Singapore to teach at the Singapore School for the Blind. Chan’s remarkable life story continues to inspire generations, showcasing the power of determination and the triumph of the human spirit.

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CanadaActivistEducator

Anne Bishop

Anne Charlotte Bishop is a Canadian lesbian activist, educator, grassroots organizer, and LGBT rights advocate. With a commitment to social justice and a passion for community development, Bishop has dedicated over thirty years to working in the field of international development and engaging in various social justice movements.

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NetherlandsComputer ScientistEducator

Mihaela van der Schaar

Mihaela van der Schaar is a renowned scientist and academic who has made significant contributions to the fields of machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and medicine. She currently holds the position of John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Machine Learning, AI, and Medicine at the University of Cambridge, where she also serves as the director of the Cambridge Centre for AI in Medicine (CCAIM). Additionally, she holds the position of Chancellor’s Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza Rice, an American diplomat and political scientist, grew up during a time of racial segregation in the South but overcame challenges to excel academically. She held high-profile positions in the United States government, including serving as Secretary of State. Rice’s groundbreaking achievements have made a significant impact on women’s history.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Rachel Kaadzi Ghansah

Rachel Kaadzi Ghansah is a renowned American essayist known for her captivating longform journalism. In 2018, she won the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing for her compelling profile on white supremacist Dylann Roof. Ghansah’s ability to deeply analyze and understand her subjects has earned her widespread recognition and praise. She has also made significant contributions to academia through her teaching positions at top universities. Her multicultural upbringing and heritage have shaped her perspectives, making her an inspiration to aspiring female writers, particularly those from minority backgrounds. With her upcoming book and prestigious awards, Ghansah’s influence continues to grow in the literary world.

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United StatesEducatorJewish

Carol Meyers

Carol Lyons Meyers is an esteemed American feminist biblical scholar, known for her significant contributions to the field of religious studies. Born in 1942 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, Meyers developed a passion for learning from an early age…

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United StatesAfrican AmericanAstronaut

Yvonne Cagle

Yvonne Darlene Cagle (born April 24, 1959) is an American physician, professor, retired U.S. Air Force Colonel, and NASA Astronaut. Cagle joined NASA as an astronaut in 1996. She is one of six African American female astronauts.

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United StatesAstronomerEducator

Pamela L. Gay

Pamela L. Gay, an American astronomer, is known for her work in astronomical podcasting and citizen science projects. She has made significant contributions to galactic astronomy through her research and has a passion for science popularization and educational outreach. Pamela has also been involved in various positions within the field of astronomy education and research, and is the director of CosmoQuest.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Velma Scantlebury

Dr. Velma Scantlebury GCM, the first African-American woman transplant surgeon in the United States, made history with her groundbreaking achievements in the field of surgery. Her extensive clinical experience, dedication to education, and inspiring efforts in raising awareness about organ transplant have left an indelible mark on society. She has received numerous accolades, including the prestigious “Gift of Life Award” and the Order of Barbados Gold Crown of Merit.

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United StatesArcherDiver

Brenda Laurel

Brenda Laurel (born 1950) is an American interaction designer, video game designer, and researcher. She is an advocate for diversity and inclusiveness in video games, a “pioneer in developing virtual reality,” a public speaker, and an academic. Laurel has made significant contributions to the field of game design, particularly in the area of creating games for girls. She has also been involved in the development of virtual reality technologies and the application of augmented reality in education.

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United StatesEducator

Dona Bailey

Dona Bailey, an American video game programmer and educator, is best known for her role in the development of Atari’s arcade game Centipede. Her career began in 1978 when she worked for General Motors before moving to Atari, where she became the only woman on the team. Centipede, released in 1981, was a huge success and attracted both male and female players, helping to bridge the gender gap in arcade gaming. Dona Bailey’s contributions to the industry have left a lasting impact, inspiring future generations of programmers.

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BulgariaActivistEducator

Eugenia Kisimova

Eugenia Kisimova (1831–1885) was a Bulgarian feminist and women’s rights activist who founded the first women’s organization in Bulgaria, Женска община, in 1869. She dedicated her life to empowering women and promoting equal educational opportunities, establishing schools for girls and offering scholarships for higher education abroad. Kisimova’s commitment to philanthropy and her tireless advocacy for women’s rights left a lasting impact on Bulgarian society.

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DenmarkEducatorMathematician

Elna Munch

Elna Munch was a Danish feminist and politician who made significant contributions to women’s rights in Denmark during the early 20th century. Her academic achievements set the stage for her future activism and leadership in the women’s suffrage movement. As the vice chairperson of LKV, Elna Munch played a pivotal role in organizing local sections and mobilizing women across Denmark to fight for their right to vote. She represented Denmark at the congresses of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance from 1906 to 1923, establishing connections and collaborating with international women’s rights activists.

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NigeriaActivistEducator

Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti

Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, known as the “Lioness of Lisabi,” was a Nigerian educator, suffragist, and women’s rights activist. She founded the Abeokuta Women’s Union and played a significant role in the Nigerian independence movement. Her bravery and determination earned her international recognition, and she continues to be celebrated as a pioneer in Nigerian feminism and a champion for women’s rights.

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Great BritainComputer ScientistEducator

Carrie Anne Philbin

Carrie Anne Philbin MBE is an English teacher of computer science, author, and influential figure in the field of education and technology. Her work has made a significant impact on society, inspiring and empowering countless individuals to pursue careers and interests in technology.

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United StatesEducatorWriter

Tracy Fullerton

Tracy Fullerton (born June 21, 1965) is an American game designer, educator, and writer. She has made significant contributions to the field of game design and is widely recognized for her expertise. Fullerton is a Professor in the USC Interactive Media & Games Division of the USC School of Cinematic Arts and serves as the Director of the Game Innovation Lab at USC. In 2014, she was appointed the Director of the USC Games Program, an interdisciplinary collaboration between the School of Cinematic Arts and the Viterbi School of Engineering at USC.

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Dominican RepublicEducator

Petronila Angélica Gómez

Petronila Angélica Gómez (31 January 1883 – 1 September 1971) was a teacher, entrepreneur, and journalist from the Dominican Republic. She established the first feminist organization and magazine in the country, advocating for women’s rights and their increased participation in society. Gómez’s efforts led to women’s suffrage in the Dominican Republic and she continues to be honored for her contributions.

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Great BritainBalletDancer

Tamara Karsavina

Tamara Karsavina was a Russian prima ballerina and a principal artist of the Imperial Russian Ballet and the Ballets Russes. After settling in Britain, she played a vital role in the establishment of The Royal Ballet and became recognized as one of the founders of modern British ballet. Throughout her career, Karsavina was known for her exceptional technique, beauty, and expressive performances. She continued to inspire generations of dancers until her death in 1978.

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United StatesEducatorGeologist

Florence Bascom

Florence Bascom was a pioneer for women in geology and education in America. She earned two bachelor’s degrees, a master’s degree, and became the second woman to earn a PhD in geology in the United States. Bascom’s innovative findings in the field of geology and her influential role in developing the geology department at the University of Wisconsin have led her to be considered the “first woman geologist in America.”

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BrazilArcherDoctor

Belkis Valdman

Belkis Valdman (5 May 1942 – 1 August 2011) was a Turkish-born naturalized Brazilian researcher, teacher, and academic chemical engineer who made significant contributions to the field of instrumentation and process control in chemical engineering.

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United StatesAerospace EngineerBiologist

Lois Graham

Lois Graham (1925-2013) was a pioneering professor of thermodynamics and cryogenics. She was the first woman in the United States to earn a mechanical engineering PhD and dedicated her career to recruiting young women into science and engineering. Graham founded IIT’s Women in Science and Engineering program and taught for nearly four decades, leaving behind a lasting legacy of empowerment and progress.

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NigeriaEducatorWriter

Kofoworola Ademola

Oloori Kofoworola “Kofo” Aina Ademola, Lady Ademola MBE, MFR, OFR was a Nigerian educationist and women’s rights advocate. Born in Lagos in 1913, she became the first black African woman to earn a degree from Oxford University. Ademola made significant contributions to society as the president of the National Council of Women’s Societies in Nigeria and was recognized with numerous awards for her exceptional work in education and women’s rights. Her legacy continues to inspire generations in Nigeria and beyond.

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LithuaniaEducatorPolitician

Giedrė Purvaneckienė

Giedrė Purvaneckienė, born in Kaunas, Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, is a prominent Lithuanian politician and academic known for her contributions to women’s studies and advocacy for gender equality. She has held various important positions in the government and academia, shaping policies and promoting women’s rights. Purvaneckienė’s dedication and accomplishments have made her an influential figure in women’s history.

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Burkina FasoActivistEducator

Jacqueline Ki-Zerbo

Jacqueline Ki-Zerbo, a prominent women’s rights activist and pro-democracy advocate, defied societal expectations to tirelessly fight for justice, equality, and progress. Born in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, she played a pivotal role in shaping the course of history in Mali and beyond, leaving an indelible mark on the struggle for women’s rights and the pursuit of democracy. Her legacy continues to inspire individuals worldwide.

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CanadaEducatorJournalist

Idola Saint-Jean

Idola Saint-Jean, a Quebec journalist, educator, and feminist, dedicated her life to advocating for women’s rights in Quebec. Her efforts led to women being granted the right to vote in 1940. She was highly educated and taught at McGill University, inspiring young minds. Saint-Jean founded the Alliance canadienne pour le vote des femmes au Québec and persistently advocated for suffrage, ultimately succeeding in her mission. Her legacy of women’s rights advocacy continues to shape Quebec society.

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Great BritainEducator

Diana Reader Harris

Dame Muriel Diana Reader Harris was an English educator, school principal, and public figure. She was a passionate advocate for women’s ordination in the Church of England and made significant contributions to education and social change throughout her life. Her leadership at Sherborne School, involvement in various organizations, and dedication to women’s rights mark her as an important figure in women’s history.

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SerbiaActivistEducator

Katarina Milovuk

Katarina Milovuk (1844–1913) was a Serbian educator and women’s rights activist. She established the first institution of higher learning for women in Serbia and founded the first women’s organization in the country. Milovuk’s dedication to improving women’s education and advocating for women’s rights has left a lasting impact on Serbian society.

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UgandaActivistEducator

Jane Frances Kuka

Jane Frances Kuka, an educator and anti-FGM activist, played a significant role in Uganda’s history. Despite facing opposition and attempts on her life, she remained steadfast in her fight against Female Genital Mutilation. Her unwavering dedication to education, activism, and political service has left a lasting impact on society.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Marjorie Lee Browne

Marjorie Lee Browne (1914-1979), a pioneering African-American mathematician and educator, overcame numerous challenges to become one of the first African-American women to earn a PhD in mathematics. Her groundbreaking research and dedication to mathematics education paved the way for future generations of minority mathematicians. Although her life was tragically cut short, Browne’s legacy as a champion for diversity in STEM fields continues to inspire and empower others.

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United StatesEducator

Juno Frankie Pierce

Juno Frankie Pierce, an American educator and suffragist, overcame racial inequality to become a pioneer in the fight for women’s rights and education for black girls. Her efforts in establishing the Tennessee Vocational School for Colored Girls and advocating for social justice made a lasting impact on her community. Pierce’s legacy continues to inspire and empower women in their pursuit of education and equality.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Caroline Still Anderson

Caroline Still Anderson was a pioneering physician, educator, and activist. She was one of the first Black women to become a physician in the United States and dedicated her medical practice to serving the African-American community in Philadelphia. Despite facing discrimination and challenges, Anderson’s accomplishments and dedication continue to serve as an inspiration for women, particularly women of color, in the pursuit of their dreams and careers.

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New ZealandEducator

Pat Hond

Patricia Laura Te Waikapoata Hond (née Mathieson; 31 March 1927–18 November 1989) was a New Zealand tribal leader, teacher, soldier, policewoman, and community worker. She made history as the first female Māori to join the New Zealand Police force and founded the Taranaki Activity Centre, an alternative education system for at-risk youth. Hond passed away in 1989 due to heart problems.

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United StatesEducatorWriter

Mabel Addis

Mabel Addis Mergardt (1912-2004) was an American writer, teacher, and the first female video game designer. She designed The Sumerian Game, which inspired kingdom management games. Mabel was also an active member of her community and contributed to history committees. Her groundbreaking work in the 1960s made her the first writer and designer of a video game.

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ScotlandComputer ScientistEducator

Toni Scullion

Toni Scullion is a Scottish computer science teacher known for her dedication to advancing computing science education and closing the gender gap in the field. Born and raised in Scotland, Scullion has made significant contributions to the promotion of computer science in schools and the empowerment of female students.

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GreeceUnited StatesArcher

Georgia Tourassi

Georgia “Gina” D. Tourassi is a prominent figure in the field of biomedical informatics, known for her contributions to computer-aided diagnosis and artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare. She currently serves as the Director of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory health data sciences institute and is an adjunct Professor of radiology at Duke University. Tourassi began her academic journey at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, where she pursued a degree in physics and graduated in 1987. She then moved to Duke University for her doctoral studies and earned a PhD in 1993. Throughout her research and career, Tourassi has made significant advancements in the use of big health data and AI in the field of epidemiology, particularly in relation to cancer. Her work focuses on the development of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems, specifically in breast cancer screening. These systems are interactive, knowledge-based, and utilize information theory. One of Tourassi’s notable contributions is the development of indexing systems that enhance the efficiency of image analysis. She has also implemented techniques to monitor the reliability of CAD systems and advanced computational intelligence techniques like genetic algorithms. Her knowledge-based approach incorporates image entropy to identify the most informative medical images and flag potential cancer indicators. Tourassi’s expertise in the field led to her election as a member of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory committee on computer-aided diagnosis. This appointment highlights her impact on shaping the future of CAD systems. In 2011, Tourassi joined the Oak Ridge National Laboratory as the Founding Director of the Health Data Sciences Institute. In this role, she oversees the strategic agenda of the biomedical science and computing group. Tourassi has organized numerous biomedical research conferences at the institution, establishing herself as a driving force in the field. One of Tourassi’s primary interests is the development of automated tools for cancer surveillance. She has utilized the power of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Titan supercomputer to implement deep learning techniques for extracting information from cancer pathology reports. These efforts align with the Cancer Moonshot 2020 initiative, aiming to accelerate progress in cancer research. Tourassi’s work extends beyond cancer diagnostics. She applies AI techniques to mammogram interpretation, avoiding context bias and improving the accuracy of diagnoses. Additionally, she has developed iCrawl, a user-oriented web crawler that collects online content for e-health research. Another noteworthy project Tourassi has contributed to is Oak Ridge Graph Analytics for Medical Innovation (ORiGAMI). This data tool supports diagnostics and research, with Tourassi employing it to explore literature related to genomics. Her collaborative efforts resulted in the development of a knowledge graph that enables the extraction of meaningful information from unstructured data. Throughout her career, Tourassi has been a passionate advocate for women and minorities in science and engineering. Her involvement in these areas highlights her dedication to promoting diversity and inclusivity within the field.

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PolandActivistComputer Scientist

Małgorzata Kalinowska-Iszkowska

Małgorzata Kalinowska-Iszkowska (born 29 July 1946) is a Polish computer scientist, educator, and activist. She has made significant contributions to the field of information technology (IT) and has been recognized for her achievements with the Polish Gold Cross of Merit. Kalinowska-Iszkowska’s career has been marked by her dedication to promoting the importance of women’s participation in technical professions.

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IndiaComputer ScientistEducator

Anima Anandkumar

Anima Anandkumar, a prominent figure in computer science and artificial intelligence, is the Bren Professor of Computing at Caltech and the director of Machine Learning research at NVIDIA. She has made significant contributions to tensor-algebraic methods, deep learning, and non-convex problems. Anima’s curiosity and passion for knowledge were shaped by her family’s strong academic background. She is not only academically gifted but also an accomplished Bharatanatyam dancer. Anima’s pioneering work in machine learning has earned her recognition and accolades in the field. She is dedicated to advancing knowledge and promoting diversity in technology.

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United StatesComputer ScientistEducator

Carol Frieze

Carol Frieze is a prominent figure in the field of computer science and a leading advocate for diversity and inclusion in STEM. As the director of Women@SCS and SCS4ALL professional organizations at Carnegie Mellon University, she has played a crucial role in attracting and retaining women in computing.

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EgyptActorChoreographer

Nelly Mazloum

Nelly Mazloum, an Egyptian actress, choreographer, dancer, and teacher, overcame childhood paralysis to become a prominent figure in the world of dance. Her exceptional talent and dedication led her to become the prima ballerina of the Royal Opera House in Cairo and transform Egypt’s traditional dances into a dramatized artistic form. Mazloum’s legacy continues to inspire dancers and celebrate Egyptian and Oriental dance.

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UkraineDeafDisabled

Olga Skorokhodova

Olga Ivanovna Skorokhodova was a remarkable Soviet scientist, therapist, teacher, and writer who overcame incredible challenges to make significant contributions to the field of education for deafblind children. Her groundbreaking research and tireless efforts have had a lasting impact on the field of special education, inspiring countless others and leaving behind an incredible legacy.

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IrelandBalletChoreographer

Ninette de Valois

Dame Ninette de Valois was a remarkable Irish-born British dancer, teacher, choreographer, and director of classical ballet. Her contributions to the world of ballet extended far beyond the stage, as she founded the Royal Ballet School and the touring company that became the Birmingham Royal Ballet. Today, she is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in the history of ballet and is often referred to as the “godmother” of English and Irish ballet.

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AustriaChoreographerDancer

Gertrud Bodenwieser

Gertrud Bodenwieser (3 February 1890 – 10 November 1959) was a renowned dancer, choreographer, and dance teacher who played a significant role in the development of modern expressive dance. Born in Vienna, Austria, she revolutionized the world of dance with her innovative choreography, captivating performances, and influential teaching methods.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Minnie M. Kenny

Minnie M. Kenny (1929–August 17, 2005) was a cryptanalyst, educator, and equal opportunity activist who made significant contributions at the National Security Agency (NSA). Throughout her career, she demonstrated exceptional expertise in cryptanalysis, language, and traffic analysis, earning her prestigious awards and recognition. Kenny played a crucial role in transforming the field of cryptography and promoting diversity within the intelligence community.

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United StatesEducator

Barbara Morgan

Barbara Radding Morgan was an American teacher and astronaut who played a significant role in the NASA Teacher in Space program. Born on November 28, 1951, in Fresno, California, Morgan developed a passion for education and space exploration from an early age.

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TurkeyEducator

Halide Edib Adıvar

Halide Edib Adıvar, a prominent Turkish novelist, teacher, and feminist intellectual, was born on June 11, 1884, in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire. She received a diverse education, wrote influential articles, and fought for women’s rights. Her novels addressed social issues and supported the Turanism movement. Her translation of Jacob Abbott’s book, “Mother,” earned her the Order of Charity.

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United StatesEducator

Emma Willard

Emma Hart Willard was an American education activist who founded the first school for women’s higher education, the Troy Female Seminary. She believed in empowering women through education and fought for the establishment of publicly-funded women’s seminaries. Her dedication to women’s education left a lasting impact on society and her legacy continues to inspire young women today.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Mary Emilie Holmes

Mary Emilie Holmes was a pioneering American geologist and educator who made significant contributions to the fields of geology and women’s education. She became the first woman to be elected a fellow of the Geological Society of America and played a crucial role in establishing an educational institution for young black women that later became Mary Holmes College. Her dedication to women’s education and groundbreaking achievements in geology left a lasting impact on society.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanAnthropologist

Caroline Bond Day

Caroline Stewart Bond Day was an American physical anthropologist, author, and educator. She was one of the first African-Americans to receive a degree in anthropology. Day’s research challenged scientific racism and advocated for social equality for African-Americans. Her work on documenting and understanding mixed-race families helped to challenge racial preconceptions and discrimination. Despite being controversial, her research marks an important step in the recognition of African-American women in physical anthropology.

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JordanBusinessEducator

Princess Sumaya bint Hassan

Princess Sumaya bint Hassan was born on May 14, 1971, in Amman, Jordan. She is the daughter of Prince Hassan bin Talal and Princess Sarvath al-Hassan. Her mother has Pakistani-Bengali descent. Sumaya received her primary education at the Amman Baptist School in Jordan and later attended the International Community School. She then went on to study at Sherborne School for Girls in Dorset, England. Sumaya pursued her passion for art and graduated from the Courtauld Institute of Art at the University of London with a Bachelor of Arts in History of Art. She specialized in Early Sources of Islamic Art and Architecture.

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MexicoAnthropologistArchaeologist

Eulalia Guzmán

Eulalia Guzmán Barrón (1890–1985) was a pioneering feminist, educator, and nationalist thinker in post-revolutionary Mexico. From an early age, she rejected the idea that women were destined for domesticity and aspired to become a teacher. Guzmán’s journey towards becoming an influential figure began when she was awarded a grant to study at the Normal School for Teachers, from where she graduated in 1910. Her activism and contributions continue to inspire generations of women, scholars, and social reformers.

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ChinaEducatorReligious Leader

Yeshe Tsogyal

Yeshe Tsogyal, known as the “Victorious Ocean of Knowledge,” played a significant role in Tibetan Buddhism. Born into the royal family, she showed a deep interest in spiritual practices from a young age. She became the spiritual consort of Padmasambhava and achieved enlightenment in her lifetime. Yeshe Tsogyal’s teachings emphasized compassion, wisdom, and the cultivation of inner qualities, making her a preeminent figure in Tibetan Buddhism.

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IndiaActivistEducator

Chimnabai II

Maharani Chimnabai II (1872 – 23 August 1958) was a queen and the second wife of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad of Baroda, Gujarat. She dedicated her life to empowering women, focusing on education, social reform, and women’s rights. She played a significant role in breaking down barriers and challenging social norms, leaving behind a lasting legacy of inspiration for future generations of women.

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United StatesEducator

Rebecca Wright Bonsal

Rebecca McPherson Wright Bonsal was an American Quaker teacher who provided crucial intelligence to the Union Army during the Civil War. She played a significant role in the Union victory during the Third Battle of Winchester. Despite facing discrimination and challenges, Bonsal remained resilient and continued to contribute to society throughout her life.

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Great BritainArtistEducator

Lady Emma Herbert

Lady Emma Louise Vickers is a remarkable British circus trapeze artist, stuntwoman, and teacher of circus arts. Born into a prestigious family, Lady Emma’s rebellious spirit led her to pursue a unique and eccentric lifestyle. With her fearless and adventurous nature, she became known as one of Britain’s leading exponents in modern circus. Lady Emma’s dedication to her craft has inspired countless individuals to embrace their own unique talents and passions.

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GermanyActivistEducator

Elisabeth Abegg

Elisabeth Abegg, a German educator and resistance fighter against Nazism, risked her own safety to save numerous lives during the Holocaust. She sheltered approximately 80 Jews between 1942 and 1945, establishing an extensive network of rescuers. Her legacy of bravery and compassion has earned her admiration and respect.

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United KingdomEducatorJewish

Bertha Bracey

Bertha Lilian Bracey (1893–1989) was an English Quaker teacher and aid worker who organized relief and sanctuary for Europeans affected by the turmoil before, during, and after the Second World War. Her remarkable efforts included the rescue of many Jewish children threatened by the Holocaust through the operation known as the Kindertransport. Bracey’s selfless dedication to humanitarian work has rightfully earned her recognition as a British Hero of the Holocaust in 2010.

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United StatesEconomistEducator

Katharine Coman

Katharine Ellis Coman was a trailblazing American social activist and economist who dedicated her life to promoting social change and empowering women through education. Coman’s work in understanding the economic history of the United States paved the way for future generations of female economists and social reformers. Her dedication to education, social justice, and women’s empowerment left a lasting legacy that continues to inspire to this day.

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PortugalArcherChemist

Branca Edmée Marques

Branca Edmée Marques de Sousa Torres, a prominent Portuguese specialist in nuclear technology, obtained her doctorate in Paris under the guidance of Marie Curie. She founded the Radiochemistry Laboratory in Lisbon and conducted groundbreaking research for over three decades. Branca’s expertise and dedication made her a leading figure in Portuguese radiochemistry.

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United StatesEducatorPhysicist

Marcia Keith

Marcia Anna Keith (1859–1950) was a physicist and teacher of physics to women. She played a crucial role in the education of women in physics and introduced individual laboratory work to students. Keith established the physics colloquium at Mount Holyoke and conducted research on the physics of heat transmission in gases at low temperatures. As a charter member of the American Physical Society, Keith was a pioneer in advocating for women in science. Her contributions have had a lasting impact on women’s education in physics.

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ChileEducatorPoet

Gabriela Mistral

Gabriela Mistral, born Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, was a renowned Chilean poet-diplomat, educator, and humanist. She was the first Latin American author to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1945. Despite facing financial difficulties in her early life, Mistral’s powerful and introspective poetry resonated with emotions of nature, love, sorrow, and recovery. She also emphasized the importance of education as a means to empower marginalized individuals. Mistral’s contributions have made her a literary icon and symbol of Latin American aspirations.

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United StatesEducatorPhysicist

Anna Coble

Anna Jane Coble-Mullen was a trailblazing American biophysicist who broke barriers throughout her career. As the first black woman to earn a doctorate in biophysics and be hired at Howard University, she dedicated her life to education and advancing underrepresented groups in the sciences. Coble’s passion for learning and advocacy has left a lasting impact on the field of biophysics and women’s history.

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United StatesArcherEducator

Margaret G. Kivelson

Margaret Galland Kivelson, an American space physicist and planetary scientist, has made significant contributions to the field of space physics throughout her career. She is renowned for her research on the magnetospheres of Earth, Jupiter, and Saturn, as well as her exploration of Jupiter’s Galilean moons. With her expertise and dedication, Kivelson has left a lasting impact on the scientific community.

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NorwayEducatorPolitician

Aadel Lampe

Aadel Lampe was a Norwegian women’s rights leader and suffragist who played a crucial role in advocating for gender equality in Norway. Her commitment to education and political change, along with her accomplishments as a teacher and politician, made her a trailblazer and champion for women’s rights in her country.

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HungaryActivistEducator

Vilma Glücklich

Vilma Glücklich (1872–1927) was a Hungarian educational reformer, pacifist, and women’s rights activist. She played a crucial role in advancing the cause of women’s rights and education in Hungary during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Glücklich’s pioneering efforts in higher education for women and her tireless advocacy for gender equality left a lasting impact on Hungarian society.

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HungaryRomaniaEducator

Blanka Teleki

Countess Blanka Teleki de Szék was a Hungarian noblewoman, educator, and women’s rights activist. She founded a school for girls in Budapest in 1846 and became the first woman in Hungary to sign a petition demanding equal rights for both men and women during the Revolution of 1848. Despite facing imprisonment for her involvement, Blanka’s dedication to women’s rights made her an influential figure in Hungarian society.

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SlovakiaEducator

Pálné Veres

Hermína Karolína Benická Verešová, also known as Pálné Veres, was a teacher and feminist from the Slovak Region of the Kingdom of Hungary. She dedicated her life to advocating for women’s education and played a pivotal role in establishing the Hungarian National Association for Women’s Education. Veres’s tireless efforts and commitment to breaking down barriers for women made her an inspirational figure in women’s history.

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IcelandEducatorGymnast

Ingibjörg H. Bjarnason

Ingibjörg H. Bjarnason was an influential Icelandic politician, suffragist, schoolteacher, and gymnast. She fought for women’s rights in Iceland and became the first woman to become a member of the Althing, the parliament of Iceland. Throughout her career, she tirelessly advocated for the rights of women and children, leaving a lasting impact on Icelandic society.

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IndiaEducatorLawyer

Kirthi Jayakumar

Kirthi Jayakumar is a peace educator, feminist foreign policy practitioner, and lawyer. She has been recognized as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and has served as an advisor to the G7. Kirthi is the founder of The Gender Security Project and The Red Elephant Foundation, and she is dedicated to promoting gender equality and peace.

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LithuaniaEducator

Ona Mašiotienė

Ona Mašiotienė, a Lithuanian teacher and women’s rights activist, played a significant role in advocating for women’s rights and promoting Lithuania’s independence. Despite opposition from her own family, she pursued higher education and co-founded the Lithuanian Women’s Association. Mašiotienė’s dedication to education, equality, and Lithuania’s independence continues to inspire future generations.

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DenmarkActivistEducator

Anne Bruun

Anne Kirstine Bruun (1853-1934) was a Danish schoolteacher and women’s rights activist. She overcame objections from her parents to pursue her passion for education and became a pioneering advocate for gender equality in the teaching profession. Bruun played a crucial role in the establishment of education foundations and fought for equal pay for male and female teachers. She was also actively involved in combatting public prostitution and sex trafficking, leaving a lasting impact on Danish society.

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EgyptActivistEducator

Ihsan El-Kousy

Ihsan El-Kousy (born in 1900) was the first Egyptian Muslim woman to graduate from the American University of Beirut. She played a significant role in promoting women’s education and empowerment in Egypt during the early 20th century.

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GermanyEducator

Helene Lange

Helene Lange was a renowned pedagogue and feminist who played a significant role in the international and German civil rights feminist movement. Her work has made her a symbolic figure in the fight for women’s rights. Throughout her life, Lange made groundbreaking contributions to education and paved the way for the advancement of women in German society.

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AlbaniaEducator

Urani Rumbo

Urani Rumbo was a pioneering Albanian feminist, teacher, and playwright. She founded the Lidhja e Gruas (Woman’s Union), one of the first feminist organizations in Albania. Rumbo fought for women’s rights and education, opening a primary school for girls and advocating for their access to the lyceum. Her efforts continue to inspire women striving for gender equality in Albania.

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ChinaActivistEducator

Huixing

Huixing (1871–1905) was a remarkable figure during the Qing dynasty, known for her pioneering efforts in education and activism for women’s rights. Born into the illustrious Gūwalgiya clan, an ethnic Manchu family, Huixing’s upbringing provided her with a unique perspective on society and its expectations for women.

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SwedenEducator

Lina Hjort

Lina Hjort, born in 1881, overcame poverty and adversity to become a successful schoolteacher, house builder, and suffragette in Sweden. Her determination and resilience propelled her to achieve remarkable success, and her contributions to women’s rights have left a lasting impact.

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SwedenActivistEducator

Anna Hierta-Retzius

Anna Hierta-Retzius, a prominent Swedish women’s rights activist and philanthropist, dedicated herself to advocating for women’s rights, educational reform, and social justice. She founded evening schools, libraries, and banks for women, and played a pivotal role in various organizations fighting for women’s rights and welfare. Her influential role in women’s rights activism extended internationally, making her a significant figure in Swedish history.

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SwedenActivistEducator

Gertrud Adelborg

Gertrud Virginia Adelborg, a Swedish teacher and feminist, played a significant role in the women’s suffrage movement. She was a key member of the Swedish women’s movement and fought for women’s rights throughout her career. Adelborg’s efforts, including presenting petitions for suffrage and advocating for women’s education, were instrumental in bringing about significant changes in Sweden.

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RomaniaActivistEducator

Eugenia de Reuss Ianculescu

Eugenia de Reuss Ianculescu (1866-1938) was a Romanian teacher, writer, and women’s rights activist. She co-founded the Women’s League, the first feminist organization in Romania, and later established the League for Romanian Women’s Rights and Duties. For five decades, she tirelessly fought for women’s suffrage, using various forms of activism to advocate for gender equality. Her determination and efforts paved the way for Romanian women to gain participation in general elections, ensuring their rights and pursuit of equality for future generations.

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AustriaActivistEducator

Auguste Fickert

Auguste Fickert (1855-1910) was a pioneering feminist and social reformer from Austria. Known for her dedication to education and women’s rights, she fought for universal suffrage and better treatment of women civil servants and prostitutes. Despite facing criticism and opposition, Fickert remained steadfast in her beliefs and left an indelible mark on Austrian society.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDeaf

Blanche Wilkins Williams

Blanche Wilkins Williams was an American educator of deaf children and a trailblazer in the deaf community. Despite facing significant adversity and discrimination, she became the first African American woman to graduate from the Minnesota State Academy for the Deaf in 1893. She embarked on a remarkable career in education and made significant contributions to deaf education. Blanche Wilkins Williams’s dedication to inclusivity and her commitment to deaf education left an indelible mark on society.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Alethia Tanner

Alethia Tanner, also known as Alethia “Lethe” Browning Tanner, was a prominent educator and leader in the African American community in Washington, D.C. during the early 19th century. She played a significant role in the establishment of The Bell School, the first school for free black children in the city. Tanner’s dedication to education and freeing enslaved individuals made her a respected figure in her community.

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Great BritainActivistEducator

Pleasance Pendred

Pleasance Pendred, a British suffragette, dedicated her life to fighting for women’s rights. Participating in militant actions, she faced imprisonment, force-feeding, and spoke out against the mistreatment of suffragettes. Her activism made a lasting impact on society.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Euphemia Haynes

Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes, the first African-American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics, dedicated her life to education and advocacy. Her groundbreaking journey led her to earn a PhD from the Catholic University of America in 1943. She made significant contributions to the educational system in Washington, D.C., and her advocacy work played a pivotal role in ending the track system that disadvantaged African-American students. Euphemia’s enduring legacy as a trailblazer continues to inspire generations.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Rosa Slade Gragg

Dr. Rosa Slade Gragg was an American activist and politician who dedicated her life to creating opportunities for black women and advocating for racial equality. Her influential work in education and her role as an advisor to three United States presidents solidified her place as a pioneer for women’s rights and African American progress. Gragg’s advocacy efforts caught the attention of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and she was appointed to a national advisory board of the Federal Office of Civil Defense. Her tireless dedication continues to inspire generations of women.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Septima Poinsette Clark

Septima Poinsette Clark was an African American educator and civil rights activist who played a significant role in the fight for voting rights and civil rights for African Americans. Despite facing under-appreciation, Clark’s contributions were vital in empowering marginalized groups and promoting social change. She is often referred to as the “Queen mother” or “Grandmother” of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States, and Martin Luther King Jr. recognized her as “The Mother of the Movement.”

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Mamie Till

Mamie Elizabeth Till-Mobley, born in Webb, Mississippi in 1921, became a prominent figure in the Civil Rights Movement after her son, Emmett Till, was brutally murdered in Mississippi. Determined to seek justice and shed light on racial violence, Mamie’s activism left an indelible mark on American history, inspiring others and advocating for equality.

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United StatesEducator

Edith L. Williams

Edith L. Williams (August 17, 1887 – June 9, 1987) was a United States Virgin Islands educator, women’s rights activist, and suffragist. She played a crucial role in the fight for women’s suffrage in the Virgin Islands, eventually leading to the right to vote for literate and property-owning women. Williams’ pioneering efforts and dedication to education have left an indelible mark on the history of the Virgin Islands.

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United StatesEducatorNurse

Susie King Taylor

Susie King Taylor, the first Black nurse during the American Civil War, was also the first Black woman to self-publish her memoirs. Her work as a nurse for the 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment and her dedication to education for formerly enslaved Black people in the postbellum South left a lasting impact. She is remembered as a trailblazer and a crucial figure in women’s history.

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Puerto RicoUnited StatesActivist

Blanca Canales

Blanca Canales (1906-1996) was an educator and a Puerto Rican Nationalist who played a vital role in the fight for Puerto Rican independence. Raised in a politically active family, Canales developed a passion for learning about other nations and their heroes. She joined the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party, organized the Daughters of Freedom, and supported the cause through monetary contributions. Canales stored arms used in the Jayuya Uprising of 1950, which challenged U.S. rule over the island. Her advocacy work and dedication to Puerto Rican independence continued until her death in 1996.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanAmerican Football

Natalie Randolph

Natalie Randolph is a remarkable individual who has made significant contributions in the fields of education, athletics, and breaking gender barriers. She has been a trailblazer and an inspiration to many, proving that with determination and passion, one can achieve anything they set their mind to.

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JamaicaActivistEducator

Amy Bailey

Amy Beckford Bailey, born in 1895 in Jamaica, was a pioneering educator and advocate for women’s rights. Despite battling illness early in her career, she pursued a diverse range of subjects, including accounting and bookkeeping. Amy dedicated her life to teaching, making a lasting impact on students at Kingston Technical High School and the College of Arts, Science, and Technology. As a co-founder of the Women’s Liberal Club, Amy fought discrimination and pushed for improved employment opportunities for women. Her tireless efforts earned her numerous honors and recognition, and her legacy continues to inspire equality and inclusivity.

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FranceActivistEducator

Assa Traoré

Assa Traoré, a French-Malian activist and leader of the Truth and Justice for Adama Committee, has dedicated herself to seeking justice for her half-brother, Adama Traoré, who died in police custody. Through her relentless pursuit of truth and commitment to challenging systemic racism, Assa Traoré has become an influential and powerful voice in the fight against racial injustice, receiving international recognition and awards for her work.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanEducator

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper was a prominent American abolitionist, suffragist, poet, and writer. Raised by her aunt and uncle, she received a strong education and developed a passion for literature. As one of the first African-American women to be published in the U.S., Harper used her writing and powerful oratory skills to advocate for the rights of African Americans and women. Her impact extended beyond her words, as she founded and supported progressive organizations, leaving an indelible mark on the fight for equality and justice.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Prudence Crandall

Prudence Crandall, an American schoolteacher and activist, dedicated her life to advancing education and equality for black girls in the early 19th century. Despite facing racism and opposition, Crandall stood firm in her belief in equal educational opportunities for all. Her pioneering efforts and unwavering determination left a lasting impact on women’s history and the fight against racial inequality.

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BangladeshBlindDisabled

Rumana Monzur

Rumana Monzur, a Bangladeshi woman, became a symbol of resilience after being brutally attacked and blinded by her husband for wanting to pursue higher education. Despite her traumatic experience, Rumana continued her studies and achieved a law degree. She now advocates for women’s rights, using her story to inspire others and raise awareness about domestic violence and gender inequality.

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RussiaBalletChoreographer

Sofia Golovkina

Sofia Nikolayevna Golovkina, also known as Sophia Golovkina, was a notable ballet dancer, choreographer, and teacher from Soviet Russia. Golovkina embarked on a remarkable journey that would leave an indelible mark on the world of ballet. Her talent and dedication propelled her to become the principal dancer of the Bolshoi Ballet, a position she held until 1959. Golovkina’s contributions to the world of ballet were recognized with numerous accolades, including the prestigious title of People’s Artist of the USSR in 1973. She passed away in 2004, leaving behind a remarkable legacy that continues to inspire dancers and audiences alike.

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CanadaLatviaChoreographer

Ludmilla Chiriaeff

Ludmilla Chiriaeff was a Latvian-Canadian ballet dancer, choreographer, teacher, and company director. She overcame the challenges of World War II and refugee status to become a prominent figure in the world of ballet. Her innovative choreographies and dedication to nurturing young talent have left a lasting impact on the development of ballet in Canada. Ludmilla’s contributions to women’s history in the arts are undeniable.

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New ZealandActivistDancer

Rona Bailey

Rona Bailey, a prominent drama and dance practitioner in New Zealand, was a driving force behind the development of contemporary dance and professional theater in her country. She also played a crucial role in the anti-apartheid movement and contributed to anti-racist education in New Zealand. Bailey’s commitment to teaching and her contributions to drama and dance education continue to have a lasting impact.

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TaiwanUnited StatesAsian American

PeiJu Chien-Pott

PeiJu Chien-Pott, a Taiwanese-American dance artist, has become one of the greatest modern dancers of her generation. Through her exceptional talent and dedication, she has made a significant impact in the world of dance. As a principal dancer in the Martha Graham Dance Company, Chien-Pott has interpreted iconic roles in Graham’s repertoire, captivating audiences with her dramatic prowess and physical versatility. Her contributions to the art form have been recognized with prestigious awards, including the Bessie Award. Chien-Pott’s passion for dance extends beyond performing, as she also takes on the roles of choreographer, director, educator, and founder of PJ Performing Arts in Taiwan. Through her work, she continues to inspire and mentor the next generation of dancers.

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AustraliaChoreographerDancer

Margaret Scott

Dame Catherine Margaret Mary Scott, a pioneering ballet dancer, teacher, and choreographer, played a significant role in establishing Australia’s ballet tradition. As the first director of the Australian Ballet School, she shaped the institution into a world-class training ground for dancers. Her dedication and passion for ballet continue to inspire future generations.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanAviation

Willa Brown

Willa Beatrice Brown, an influential American aviator, teacher, and civil rights activist, shattered racial and gender barriers in the field of aviation. She became the first African American woman in the United States to earn an aircraft mechanic’s license in 1935, and later achieved her private and commercial pilot’s licenses. Besides her groundbreaking achievements, Brown also co-founded the Coffey School of Aeronautics, trained Tuskegee Airmen, and advocated for political and social change throughout her life.

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United StatesAstronautEducator

Christa McAuliffe

Sharon Christa McAuliffe, born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1948, was an American teacher and astronaut. Her dream of becoming an astronaut was ignited after watching John Glenn orbit the Earth. Selected as the primary candidate for the NASA Teacher in Space Project, she tragically lost her life in the 1986 Challenger shuttle disaster. Her lasting legacy includes inspiring countless students and educators to pursue STEM fields. Honored with the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 2004, she remains an enduring symbol of courage and education.

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PolandActivistArchaeologist

Irena Sawicka

Irena Scheur-Sawicka, born on August 18, 1890, was a remarkable Polish archaeologist, ethnographer, educational activist, and communist. Her brave actions during World War II, including assisting Jewish refugees from the Warsaw Ghetto, exemplify her unwavering dedication to justice. Despite meeting an untimely demise during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, Irena Sawicka’s legacy of courage and sacrifice continues to inspire in Polish history.

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GermanyArchaeologistEducator

Johanna Mestorf

Johanna Mestorf was a pioneering figure in prehistoric archaeology, serving as the first female museum director in the Kingdom of Prussia and often referred to as the first female professor in Germany. Her extensive travels, translations, and writings on archaeology and ethnography solidified her reputation as a notable figure within the archaeological community. Her remarkable contributions to the field and commitment to advancing knowledge continue to inspire future generations of female scholars.

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United StatesArchaeologistEducator

Hetty Goldman

Hetty Goldman, born in 1881, was a pioneering American archaeologist who made significant contributions to the field. As one of the first female archaeologists to excavate in Greece and the Middle East, Goldman broke barriers and paved the way for future generations. Her dedication to scholarly excellence and her pioneering role as one of the first female archaeologists have secured her a place in history as a true trailblazer in women’s history.

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United StatesArchaeologistEducator

Harriet Boyd Hawes

Harriet Ann Boyd Hawes was a pioneering American archaeologist, nurse, relief worker, and professor. She made significant contributions to archaeology, particularly in gender equality and women’s involvement in the field. Harriet Boyd Hawes was the discoverer and first director of Gournia, one of the first archaeological excavations to uncover a Minoan settlement and palace on the Aegean island of Crete.

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MexicoUnited StatesAnthropologist

Florence M. Hawley

Florence May Hawley Ellis, a pioneer in dendrochronology, made significant contributions to the field in the mid-20th century. Despite facing challenges as a woman in a male-dominated field, she became a role model for anthropologists, inspiring her students and women in academia to strive for excellence. Hawley’s dedication to her work extended beyond her retirement in 1971, as she continued to actively contribute to anthropology until her death in 1991. Her innovative techniques and groundbreaking research in dendrochronology have left a lasting impact on the field.

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United StatesArchaeologistEducator

Frances Eliza Babbitt

Frances “Franc” Eliza Babbitt (1824–1891) was a schoolteacher in Minnesota and an archaeologist who significantly influenced early debates about the Paleolithic Era in North America, also known as the “American Paleolithic”. Babbitt’s pioneering work in archaeology, particularly her collection and analysis of quartz tools and other artifacts from the Little Falls, Minnesota area, earned her recognition as one of the few women actively participating in this scientific discipline at the time. She made history as one of the first women to join the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 1883, thanks to the support and recognition from Frederic W. Putnam. Her work and perseverance as an archaeologist challenged gender norms in the field, highlighting her enduring influence on women’s history.

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ArgentinaEducatorPaleontologist

Zulma Brandoni de Gasparini

Zulma Nélida Brandoni de Gasparini, an Argentine paleontologist and zoologist, has made significant contributions to the field of paleontology. Her groundbreaking work on South American paleontology, particularly in Mesozoic reptiles, has expanded our understanding of prehistoric life on the continent. She also gained international recognition for leading a team that discovered a new dinosaur species, named in her honor. Through her research, teaching, and numerous awards, Brandoni de Gasparini is an inspiration to aspiring scientists and a key figure in women’s history.

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ItalyEducatorGovernment

Maria Grazia Giammarinaro

Maria Grazia Giammarinaro is an Italian judge and policy-maker who has made significant contributions to the field of gender-based violence and human trafficking. She has played a key role in shaping legislation and policies to protect the rights of women and victims of trafficking. With a strong educational background and experience in both the judiciary and government, her work has had a significant impact on society.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Maria W. Stewart

Maria W. Stewart was an influential American teacher, journalist, abolitionist, and lecturer who made significant contributions to the anti-slavery and women’s rights movements. As the first African American woman to publicly address mixed audiences and advocate for women’s rights and the abolition of slavery, she paved the way for future activists. Her powerful oratory skills and writings inspired generations and played a vital role in advancing these causes.

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