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GermanyDoctor

Dorothea Erxleben

Dorothea Christiane Erxleben, the first female doctor of medicinal science in Germany, was born in Quedlinburg, Germany in 1715. Despite facing criticism and obstacles, she successfully defended her thesis in 1754, becoming a pioneer for women in medicine. Erxleben’s advocacy for women’s education and equal opportunities has left a lasting impact on German society and continues to inspire women worldwide.

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GermanySwedenDoctor

Johanna Hellman

Johanna Hellman (1889-1982) was a pioneering surgeon from Germany and Sweden. She became the first woman to be a member of the German Society for Surgery and made significant contributions to surgical advancements. Hellman’s career spanned several decades, and she played a crucial role in women’s healthcare during times of war and discrimination.

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GermanyDoctorSurgeon

Elisabeth Winterhalter

Elisabeth Hermine Winterhalter was a groundbreaking gynecologist, surgeon, feminist, and patron of the arts in German history. Born in Munich in 1856, she defied societal norms to become one of the first female doctors and the first female surgeon in Germany. Her dedication to medicine, groundbreaking surgical work, and unwavering commitment to her craft make her a trailblazer in women’s history.

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GermanyBiologistJewish

Margarete Zuelzer

Margarete Hedwig Zuelzer was a German biologist and zoologist who defied societal norms by pursuing a career in science. Despite facing numerous challenges as a woman, she earned her doctorate and made significant contributions to the field of protozoology. However, her career was cut short by the discriminatory policies of Nazi Germany, and she tragically died in the Westerbork Transit Camp during the Holocaust. Her story serves as a reminder of the injustice and devastation caused by this dark period in history.

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GermanyBiologist

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

Christiane (Janni) Nüsslein-Volhard is a renowned German developmental biologist who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1995. She holds the distinction of being the only woman from Germany to have received a Nobel Prize in the sciences.

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GermanyChemistPhysicist

Ida Noddack

Ida Noddack, a German chemist and physicist, made groundbreaking contributions to the field of science. She was the first to mention the concept of nuclear fission and, alongside her husband and Otto Berg, discovered element 75, rhenium. Despite being nominated three times for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Noddack’s achievements were often overlooked. Her critical analysis of scientific discoveries and insights into nuclear fission were instrumental in the development of nuclear energy.

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GermanyChemistJewish

Clara Immerwahr

Clara Helene Immerwahr, the first German woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry, made significant contributions to the field and played a vital role in advancing women’s rights. Despite facing challenges and limited recognition, she remained dedicated to her pursuit of equality. Tragically, her life was cut short in 1915 under mysterious circumstances, but her legacy continues to inspire women in male-dominated fields.

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GermanyUnited StatesAerospace Engineer

Irmgard Flügge-Lotz

Irmgard Flügge-Lotz, a German-American mathematician and aerospace engineer, revolutionized the field of discontinuous automatic control. Her pioneering work in hysteresis control systems found widespread applications in guidance systems, electronics, fire-control systems, and temperature regulation. Despite facing challenges as a woman in a male-dominated field, Flügge-Lotz’s exceptional mathematical skills and contributions to engineering earned her numerous accolades and made her an inspiration to future generations of female engineers.

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GermanyUnited KingdomUnited States

Isabel Maddison

Ada Isabel Maddison (1869 – 1950) was a British mathematician best known for her work on differential equations. Maddison had a remarkable academic journey, overcoming many obstacles as a woman in a time when higher education was not readily accessible to women. Her contributions to mathematics and her perseverance in pursuing her passion have left a lasting legacy.

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GermanyMathematician

Klara Löbenstein

Klara Löbenstein, a German mathematician, defied societal norms and became one of the first women in Germany to obtain a doctorate in mathematics. She made significant contributions to algebraic geometry and played a critical role in solving David Hilbert’s sixteenth problem. Despite facing setbacks and emigrating to Argentina during World War II, Löbenstein’s legacy as a pioneering mathematician continues to inspire future generations.

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GermanyMathematician

Margarethe Kahn

Margarethe Kahn, a German mathematician and Holocaust victim, was a pioneering woman who obtained a doctorate in Germany. Despite facing opposition, she successfully defended her dissertation in 1909, becoming one of the first German women to earn a doctorate in mathematics. Tragically, her life was cut short by the Holocaust, and she went missing after deportation to Piaski, Poland in 1942.

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GermanyMathematician

Grete Hermann

Grete Hermann was a German mathematician and philosopher known for her significant contributions to mathematics, physics, philosophy, and education. Her early work on the foundations of quantum mechanics, although initially overlooked, has since gained recognition and has been influential in the field. Her critique, if known earlier, could have potentially altered the trajectory of quantum mechanics.

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GermanyActivistMathematician

Marie Torhorst

Marie Torhorst (1888-1989) was a German school teacher, political activist, and East German politician. She was the Minister for People’s Education in Thuringia from 1947 to 1950, making her the first-ever female minister in the state. Torhorst’s contributions in education and mathematics, including the Carathéodory-Torhorst theorem, solidify her legacy as a pioneering figure in German politics and academia.

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GermanyActivistMathematician

Frieda Nugel

Frieda Nugel (1884–1966) was a German mathematician and civil rights activist. She was one of the first German women to earn a doctorate in mathematics. Despite facing numerous challenges in her career, Nugel made significant contributions to the field of mathematics and actively promoted civil rights and better education for women. She retired in 1945 and passed away in 1966, leaving behind a legacy of academic excellence and advocacy for women’s rights.

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GermanySkier

Katja Seizinger

Katja Seizinger, born in 1972 in Datteln, North Rhine-Westphalia, is a former German alpine skier. With 37 World Cup victories, three Olympic gold medals, and two overall World Cup titles, Seizinger is one of the most accomplished athletes in World Cup history. Her remarkable success on the slopes solidified her place as the most successful German skier to date.

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GermanyActivistEducator

Alice Salomon

Alice Salomon (1872-1948) was a German social reformer and pioneer of social work as an academic discipline. She played a crucial role in the development of social work in Germany, to the extent that she was honored with a commemorative postage stamp by the German post office in 1989. Her impact on the field was so significant that a university, a park, and a square in Berlin bear her name.

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GermanyRowing

Christine Scheiblich

Christine Scheiblich, born in Wilsdruff in 1954, is a retired German rower who achieved great success in her career. She started rowing at the age of 13 and under the guidance of Dieter Schubert, she honed her skills and displayed immense talent. Scheiblich’s numerous victories, including winning the gold medal in the singles event at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, solidified her reputation as one of the finest rowers in the world. She paved the way for future female rowers and is considered a true icon of the sport.

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GermanySoccer

Alexandra Popp

Alexandra Popp is an esteemed German footballer, recognized for her achievements as a striker for VfL Wolfsburg and the Germany national team. With multiple accolades and triumphs, Popp has made an indelible mark in women’s football. Her exceptional talent and dedication have inspired countless athletes, securing her place in women’s history.

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GermanySoccer

Lena Oberdorf

Lena Sophie Oberdorf, born on December 19, 2001, is an accomplished German footballer who has made a name for herself as a versatile midfielder. She currently plays for Bundesliga club VfL Wolfsburg and represents the Germany national team. With her exceptional skills and potential, Oberdorf has emerged as one of the most promising young talents in the world of football.

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FranceGermanySoccer

Dzsenifer Marozsán

Dzsenifer Marozsán, born on April 18, 1992, in Budapest, Hungary, is a professional footballer who currently plays as a midfielder for Olympique Lyonnais. She started her career in Germany and achieved numerous successes, including becoming the youngest player to debut in the German Bundesliga and the youngest goal scorer in Bundesliga history. Marozsán has also excelled on the international stage, helping Germany win the UEFA Women’s Euro 2013 and the Olympic gold medal in 2016. She is recognized as a prominent figure in women’s football with an impressive list of awards and titles.

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AustriaGermanyMilitary

Viktoria Savs

Viktoria Savs, born in 1899 in Germany, served bravely in the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I. Disguised as a man, she displayed remarkable dedication and commitment to her country, becoming one of two known female soldiers on the Austrian front lines. Her bravery and exemplary leadership earned her several prestigious awards, making her a true heroine and a symbol of determination in the face of adversity.

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FranceGermanyIsrael

Julia Kempe

Julia Kempe is a renowned researcher in quantum computing, hailing from France, Germany, and Israel. She currently holds the esteemed positions of Director of the Center for Data Science at NYU and Professor at the Courant Institute. Kempe’s life and career have been marked by her invaluable contributions to the field of quantum computing, earning her recognition and praise.

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GermanyUnited StatesActivist

Wilhelmine Kekelaokalaninui Widemann Dowsett

Wilhelmine Kekelaokalaninui Widemann Dowsett was a Native Hawaiian suffragist who played a pivotal role in the fight for women’s voting rights in Hawaii. With her background in politics and support from her husband, Dowsett organized the National Women’s Equal Suffrage Association of Hawaii and continued to advocate for women’s rights even after the passing of the Nineteenth Amendment. Her dedication and leadership had a lasting impact on Hawaiian society.

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GermanyActivist

Helene Stöcker

Helene Stöcker was a prominent German feminist, pacifist, and gender activist who fought for women’s rights and societal change in early 20th-century Germany. She was instrumental in advocating for legal protections for same-sex relationships between women. Although her efforts to legalize abortion were unsuccessful, her legacy as a champion for women’s rights and equality continues to inspire feminist activists around the world.

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GermanyLawyerPolitician

Anne Klein

Anne Klein (1950-2011) was a German lawyer and politician who played a pivotal role in advancing women’s rights in Berlin. Her work as a Berlin Senator and her involvement in the feminist movement contributed to greater gender equality in German society. Klein’s advocacy for women’s rights, her groundbreaking legal practice, and her unwavering dedication continue to inspire and shape the path towards a more inclusive and equal society.

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GermanyMartial Artist

Frauke Eickhoff

Frauke Eickhoff, born on October 24, 1967, in Celle, Germany, is a renowned judoka who has made significant contributions to the sport. With her remarkable talent, determination, and unwavering passion for judo, she has established herself as one of the most successful female athletes in Germany.

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GermanyMartial Artist

Johanna Hagn

Johanna Hagn, born in Wolfratshausen, Bavaria, in 1973, is a renowned German judoka who has left an indelible mark on the world of judo. With her exceptional achievements and dedication to the sport, Hagn has solidified her place among the world’s elite judokas. From winning the World Championship to representing Germany at the Olympics, her journey is an inspiration to aspiring athletes, especially women, in the sport of judo.

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GermanyMartial Artist

Anna-Maria Wagner

Anna-Maria Wagner, born in Germany in 1996, is a renowned German judoka who has made a lasting impact on the world of judo. With her exceptional talent, determination, and unwavering dedication, she has become a prominent figure in women’s judo, inspiring a new generation of judokas. Wagner’s remarkable achievements include winning a gold medal at the World Judo Championships and securing bronze medals at the Summer Olympics. Her outstanding performances and relentless pursuit of success have firmly established her as one of judo’s most formidable competitors.

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GermanyJudgeLGBTQIA

Susanne Baer

Susanne Baer, a German legal scholar and judge, has made significant contributions to public law and gender studies. With a strong passion for constitutional law and anti-discrimination, she has played an instrumental role in shaping German law and advancing women’s rights. Baer’s dedication to gender equality and her commitment to upholding constitutional values have had a profound impact on society.

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GermanyTurkeyComputer Scientist

Marianne Laqueur

Marianne Laqueur, a German Jewish refugee to Turkey, was a pioneering computer scientist and local politician. Forced to emigrate due to Nazi persecution, she settled in Ankara and became part of the Haymatloz community. Laqueur had a distinguished career in computer science, working for companies like IBM and NCR, and later dedicated herself to local politics, serving on the Wiesbaden city council.

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GermanyTongaUnited States

Lei’D Tapa

Seini Draughn, known as Lei’D Tapa, is a German-born Tongan American professional wrestler, model, mixed martial artist, and former women’s American football player. She gained fame for her time with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) under the ring name Lei’D Tapa. Her dominance in various sports, including jousting and volleyball, along with her aggression in professional wrestling, challenges gender stereotypes and inspires others to pursue their passions.

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GermanySwimmer

Andrea Pollack

Andrea Pollack (later Pinske; 8 May 1961 – 13 March 2019) was a butterfly swimmer from East Germany who won three Olympic gold medals. Born in 1961 in Schwerin, Pollack became one of the most successful swimmers of her time.

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GermanyCoachGymnast

Maxi Gnauck

Maxi Gnauck, born on October 10, 1964, is a German former artistic gymnast who represented East Germany. Gnauck achieved remarkable success throughout her career, earning 27 medals at various prestigious competitions. She is widely regarded as one of the most accomplished female gymnasts that Germany has ever produced.

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GermanySkier

Viktoria Rebensburg

Viktoria Rebensburg, the former German alpine skier, made a name for herself in the world of skiing with exceptional skills in the giant slalom discipline. From winning the Junior World Champion title to becoming an Olympic champion and World Cup winner, Rebensburg’s numerous achievements and dedication have solidified her status as one of the most influential figures in women’s alpine skiing history.

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GermanyActivistJewish

Clara Zetkin

Clara Zetkin was a prominent figure in the German Marxist movement and a leading advocate for women’s rights. Her dedication to socialism and women’s liberation left an indelible mark on women’s history and inspired generations of activists.

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GermanyJewishWriter

Henriette Arendt

Henriette Arendt (1874-1922) was a pioneering German policewoman and writer. Fluent in multiple languages, Arendt became a nurse before joining the police force as a “Police Assistant” at age 28. Passionate about her work, she faced conflicts with her superiors due to her outspokenness. After resigning, she dedicated her efforts to aiding orphaned children and fighting child trafficking. Arendt’s book “Experiences of a Police Assistant” provides valuable insights into her groundbreaking career. She passed away in Mainz, leaving behind a legacy as a trailblazing female police officer and advocate for children’s rights.

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GermanyCoachFigure Skater

Anett Pötzsch

Anett Pötzsch, the German figure skater, was born on September 3, 1960, in Karl-Marx-Stadt, East Germany. She emerged as a rising star in figure skating and went on to achieve remarkable success at both national and international levels. Pötzsch’s technical skill, artistic expression, and impressive title wins showcased her mastery over the ice and made her a true inspiration for young skaters around the world.

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GermanyFigure Skater

Gabriele Seyfert

Gabriele “Gaby” Seyfert was a German figure skater who achieved remarkable success during her career. She became a two-time World champion and the 1968 Olympic silver medalist. Seyfert is also remembered as the first lady to successfully land a triple loop jump in competition. Her contributions to figure skating and the obstacles she faced serve as a reminder of the challenges many women athletes encountered during this period in history.

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GermanyFigure Skater

Charlotte Oelschlagel

Charlotte Oelschlägel, also known as Charlotte Hayward, was a German professional skater who made significant contributions to the world of figure skating. Born in Berlin in 1898, Charlotte became renowned for her innovative techniques and mesmerizing performances. Throughout her career, she was known simply by her first name, Charlotte.

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AustriaGermanyNetherlands

Cilli Wang

Cilli Wang, born Zäzilie Wang on February 1, 1909, in Vienna, was an Austrian-born Dutch dancer, performer, and theater maker. She is best known for her work as a dancer and later as a comedienne, making significant contributions to the arts in Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands. Wang’s performances were characterized by a wide range of captivating and absurd characters, showcasing her impeccable mastery of various artistic mediums. Through her innovative and multifaceted approach to performance, she pushed boundaries and inspired generations of artists.

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GermanyActivistDisabled

Nujeen Mustafa

Nujeen Mustafa, a Kurdish Syrian refugee with cerebral palsy, captured the world’s attention when she traveled 3,500 miles by wheelchair to escape the Syrian Civil War and resettle in Germany. Despite facing numerous physical and financial challenges, Mustafa has become an internationally recognized advocate for refugees and disabled individuals, using her own experiences to raise awareness and inspire change. She has received the Alison Des Forges Award for Extraordinary Activism from Human Rights Watch for her remarkable achievements.

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GermanyChoreographerDancer

Hertha Feist

Hertha Feist was a German expressionist dancer and choreographer known for her groundbreaking work in the world of dance. She established her own school in Berlin, combining gymnastics with nudism and dance, and gained recognition for her freestyle movements and innovative techniques. Despite the challenges she faced during the rise of the Nazis in the 1930s, Feist maintained a dedicated following of students and continued to leave an indelible mark on the history of modern dance in Germany.

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GermanyChoreographerDancer

Mary Wigman

Mary Wigman, the German dancer and choreographer, revolutionized the world of dance with her expressionist style and emphasis on personal physical expression. Her innovative approach and exploration of the human body’s expressive potential paved the way for modern dance. Wigman’s impact on the art form continues to be felt today, as she brought profound existential experiences to the stage.

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GermanyUnited StatesAerospace Engineer

Jasmin Moghbeli

Jasmin Moghbeli is an American U.S. Marine Corps test pilot and NASA astronaut. She grew up in Baldwin, New York, and attended Baldwin Senior High School. Moghbeli’s dedication and passion for aviation led her to become a helicopter test pilot and ultimately, a NASA astronaut. She has received numerous awards and accolades throughout her career and is set to command the SpaceX Crew-7 mission to the International Space Station in 2023. Her remarkable journey serves as an inspiration to aspiring aviators and young women worldwide.

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GermanyHandball

Susann Müller

Susann Müller, retired German handball player and coach, began her handball journey at a young age, quickly rising through the ranks to become one of the sport’s most respected figures. She showcased her exceptional talent as a left-handed shooter, earning numerous titles and accolades throughout her career. Today, she shares her knowledge and experience as a coach for the women’s team of Füchse Berlin.

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GermanyAviationPilot

Amelie Beese

Amelie Hedwig Boutard-Beese, known as Melli Beese, was a pioneer in aviation and the first female German pilot. Born in 1886 in Dresden, Germany, she overcame barriers and pursued her passion for flying, inspiring other women to follow their dreams. Despite her untimely death in 1925, Amelie Beese left a lasting legacy as a trailblazer in aviation.

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GermanyBoxer

Regina Halmich

Regina Halmich, born on November 22, 1976, in Germany, is a professional boxer who has made a significant impact on the sport, both in terms of her achievements and her contribution towards popularizing female boxing in Europe.

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GermanyDiverDiving

Ingrid Kramer

Ingrid Gulbin (née Krämer then Engel-Krämer, born 29 July 1943) is a diver from East Germany, and a multiple Olympic champion who won Olympic gold medals in both springboard and platform diving. She was recognized as the first non-American woman in forty years to win an Olympic diving gold medal. Her remarkable talent and undeniable dedication led her to receive numerous accolades, including being elected sportspersonality of the year in East Germany from 1960 to 1964.

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GermanyTennis

Steffi Graf

Stefanie Maria Graf, born on June 14, 1969, in Mannheim, Germany, is widely regarded as one of the greatest female tennis players of all time…

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GermanySwimmer

Krisitin Otto

Kristin Otto is a German Olympic swimming champion who made history by winning six gold medals at the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games. She also held world records in the 100 meter and 200 meter freestyle events. Despite facing setbacks and obstacles throughout her career, Otto’s talent and determination allowed her to leave an indelible mark on the sport of swimming.

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GermanySwimmer

Britta Steffen

Britta Steffen is a German competitive swimmer who made her mark in the swimming world by winning six titles at the European Junior Championships. She had a successful career, breaking world records and winning gold medals at the Olympics and World Championships. Steffen’s impact on the sport and her legacy as a trailblazer in women’s swimming continues to inspire aspiring swimmers.

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GermanySwimmer

Dagmar Hase

Dagmar Hase, born in 1969 in Quedlinburg, Saxony-Anhalt, East Germany, is a former German swimmer known for her exceptional skills in freestyle and backstroke. She achieved remarkable success throughout her career, winning seven Olympic medals and defeating renowned swimmers such as Janet Evans and Krisztina Egerszegi. Hase’s contributions to women’s sports are undeniable, and she remains an inspiration for aspiring athletes.

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GermanyCoach

Nadine Angerer

Nadine Angerer, born in 1978, is a German football coach and player renowned for her skills as a goalkeeper. With an illustrious club and international career, including numerous tournament victories, Angerer has left an enduring legacy as one of the greatest goalkeepers in the history of women’s football. She was honored with the FIFA World Player of the Year award in 2014, becoming the first goalkeeper, male or female, to receive this prestigious accolade.

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GermanySoccer

Silke Rottenberg

Silke Rottenberg, born on January 25, 1972, in Euskirchen, is a retired German footballer. As a goalkeeper, she had a remarkable career in both club football and the national team, earning her place as a prominent figure in German women’s football. Throughout her career, Rottenberg achieved numerous accomplishments and honours, leaving an indelible mark on the sport.

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GermanySkier

Hilde Gerg

Hilde Gerg, born Mathilde Gerg in Lenggries, Germany on October 19, 1975, is a former German alpine skier known for her remarkable achievements and commitment to excellence. She earned a total of six Olympic and World Championship medals and secured her legacy as one of Germany’s most celebrated athletes. As a co-commentator and expert, she continues to contribute to the sport she loves.

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GermanySkier

Ossi Reichert

Ossi Reichert, born Rosa Reichert on December 25, 1925, was a German alpine skier who became one of the country’s sports aces in the 1950s. She achieved great success in her career and made history as the first German Olympic ski champion after World War II.

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GermanySkier

Marina Kiehl

Marina Kiehl, the former German alpine skier, dominated the skiing world in the 1980s with her impressive performances and numerous victories. After winning multiple German Championships and achieving success at the Winter Olympics, she retired from professional racing but remained dedicated to skiing through coaching and organizing ski camps. Marina Kiehl’s impact on the sport and her passion for skiing continue to leave a lasting legacy.

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GermanyRomaniaCoach

Ella Zeller

Ella Zeller, a retired Romanian table tennis player, coach, and administrator, has left a lasting impact on the sport. Her remarkable achievements, dedication, and influence in table tennis have earned her a place in the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) Hall of Fame. Zeller’s legacy as a player, coach, and administrator continues to inspire table tennis enthusiasts worldwide.

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GermanyActivistEducator

Elisabeth Abegg

Elisabeth Abegg, a German educator and resistance fighter against Nazism, risked her own safety to save numerous lives during the Holocaust. She sheltered approximately 80 Jews between 1942 and 1945, establishing an extensive network of rescuers. Her legacy of bravery and compassion has earned her admiration and respect.

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GermanyUnited StatesMarathon Runner

Kathrine Switzer

Kathrine Switzer, the first woman to run the Boston Marathon as an officially registered competitor in 1967, shattered gender barriers and sparked public debate on women’s participation in sports. Her courageous act not only highlighted the need for gender equality in athletics but also led to the establishment of an official women’s race in the Boston Marathon. Switzer’s remarkable journey as an athlete, commentator, and advocate for gender equality continues to inspire generations.

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GermanyMarathon Runner

Uta Pippig

Uta Pippig (born 7 September 1965) is a retired German long-distance runner, and the first woman to officially win the Boston Marathon three consecutive times (1994–1996). She is also a three-time winner of the Berlin Marathon (1990, 1992, and 1995) and the 1993 New York City Marathon. Pippig represented Germany at the Olympic Games in 1992 and 1996, and she won a bronze medal at the 1991 World 15km Road Race Championship.

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GermanyUnited StatesActor

Louise Brooks

Louise Brooks, known for her distinctive bob hairstyle, was an iconic symbol of the flapper culture in the 1920s and 1930s. After a short-lived career as a dancer, she found success as an actress in Hollywood and later in Germany. Despite facing financial hardships, Brooks left a profound legacy and challenged societal norms with her rebellious spirit and daring choices.

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GermanyJewishMathematician

Emmy Noether

Amalie Emmy Noether, born in 1882 in Erlangen, Germany, was a remarkable mathematician known for her groundbreaking contributions to abstract algebra. Despite facing gender biases and discrimination, she pursued her passion for mathematics and made significant achievements throughout her career. Noether’s work on algebraic invariants and Noether’s theorem solidified her place in history as one of the most influential mathematicians. Her dedication and perseverance continue to inspire future generations of mathematicians.

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GermanyUnited StatesPhysicist

Maria Goeppert Mayer

Maria Goeppert Mayer, a German-born American theoretical physicist, made significant contributions to the field of physics and broke barriers for women in science. She is best known for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus, which earned her the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963. Mayer’s groundbreaking work opened up new possibilities for understanding atomic structure and laid the foundation for modern nuclear physics.

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GermanyUnited StatesPhysicist

Margaret Eliza Maltby

Margaret Eliza Maltby was an American physicist who achieved several notable firsts for women in academia. She was the first woman to earn a Bachelor of Science degree from MIT and the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in physics from a German university. Maltby made significant contributions to the field of physics, particularly in the measurement of high electrolytic resistances and conductivity of very dilute solutions. She was also a passionate advocate for women in physics, using her position to support women pursuing formal education in the field.

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GermanyAstronomerWriter

Maria Margaretha Kirch

Maria Margaretha Kirch was a German astronomer who made significant contributions to the field during her time. Despite societal challenges and biases against women pursuing careers in astronomy, Maria overcame obstacles and published valuable findings on celestial events. Her dedication and passion for the subject continue to inspire women in astronomy today.

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GermanyUnited KingdomAstronomer

Caroline Herschel

Caroline Lucretia Herschel, a German-born British astronomer, made significant contributions to the field of astronomy. She overcame challenges such as limited education and vision loss to become a respected scientist. Herschel’s astronomical discoveries were groundbreaking, leading to prestigious awards and recognition, and inspiring generations of women in scientific fields. Her legacy is an enduring testament to the potential of women in academia and the sciences.

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GermanyEducator

Helene Lange

Helene Lange was a renowned pedagogue and feminist who played a significant role in the international and German civil rights feminist movement. Her work has made her a symbolic figure in the fight for women’s rights. Throughout her life, Lange made groundbreaking contributions to education and paved the way for the advancement of women in German society.

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GermanyUnited StatesIditarod

DeeDee Jonrowe

DeeDee Jonrowe, a prominent figure in the sport of dog sled racing, has achieved remarkable success in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. Her inspiring story of perseverance and resilience, including completing the race just weeks after finishing chemotherapy for breast cancer, has made her an inspiration to many. Jonrowe has also made significant contributions to society and has left an indelible mark on the world of dog sledding.

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GermanyUnited StatesFencer

Helene Mayer

Helene Julie Mayer was a German-born fencer who won the gold and silver medals at the 1928 and 1936 Olympics, respectively. Despite being forced to leave Germany in 1935 due to her Jewish descent, Mayer chose to compete for Nazi Germany in the 1936 Olympics. She became known as one of the greatest female fencers of all time and was recognized as one of the Top 100 Female Athletes of the 20th Century by Sports Illustrated.

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GermanyArcher

Cornelia Pfohl

Cornelia Pfohl (born 23 July 1971) is a German archer who has made a significant impact on the sport through her achievements and determination. Throughout her career, she has competed in four consecutive Summer Olympic Games from 1992 to 2004, showcasing her talent and dedication on the international stage. Pfohl’s remarkable journey as an archer and her contributions to women’s history are a testament to her passion and perseverance.

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GermanyField Hockey

Tina Bachmann

Tina Bachmann (born 1 August 1978 in Mülheim, North Rhine-Westphalia) is a retired German field hockey player. She represented Germany in two editions of the Olympic Games (2004 and 2008), and also often played as a midfielder and an experienced central defender. Bachmann was also a member of the Germany women’s national field hockey team who attained great success in the mid and late 2000s, capturing three gold medals at the 2004 Summer Olympics, 2006 Women’s Hockey Champions Trophy, and 2007 Women’s EuroHockey Nations Championship.

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GermanyFigure Skater

Katarina Witt

Katarina Witt, born on December 3, 1965, in Staaken, East Germany (now part of Berlin), is a legendary German figure skater. Recognized as one of the greatest ladies’ singles figure skaters of all time, Witt’s unforgettable performances, charisma, and glamorous image on the ice have earned her a place in history.

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GermanyFencer

Britta Heidemann

Britta Heidemann, born on 22 December 1982 in Cologne, Germany, is a renowned German fencer for TSV Bayer 04 Leverkusen. Throughout her career, Heidemann has achieved remarkable success in epee fencing, winning numerous championships and becoming a trailblazer in her sport.

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GermanyFencer

Anja Fichtel

Anja Fichtel, born on 17 August 1968 in Tauberbischofsheim, is a retired German foil fencer. Her remarkable achievements in the sport have solidified her place as one of the most successful fencers of all time. Fichtel has claimed the title of ten-time German individual champion, five-time world champion, and two-time Olympic champion in foil, amassing a total of 14 medals at the Olympic Games, World, and European Championships.

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GermanyFencer

Heidi Schmid

Heidi Schmid, born in 1938 in Klagenfurt, is a retired German fencer who made a significant impact in foil fencing during the 1960s. She became a world champion and won a gold medal at the 1960 Rome Olympics. Her achievements and contributions to the sport have solidified her place in fencing history.

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GermanyKayaking

Birgit Fischer

Birgit Fischer is a German former kayaker who achieved remarkable success throughout her career. Her dedication and hard work paid off when she made her debut on the international stage at the age of 16. Fischer’s perseverance and determination reached new heights at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, where, at the age of 42, she became the oldest-ever Olympic canoeing champion. Her ability to maintain excellence over such a long period is a testament to her exceptional skill and unrivaled determination.

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GermanyBusinessKayaking

Freya Hoffmeister

Freya Hoffmeister, born on May 10, 1964, is a remarkable German business owner and athlete who has achieved several sea kayaking endurance records. Her incredible feats and determination have made her a true pioneer in the world of kayaking. In 2009, Hoffmeister accomplished a solo and unassisted circumnavigation of Australia, becoming the first woman and only the second person ever to achieve this remarkable feat. Not only did she complete the journey, but she also holds the fastest record for completing this challenging trip.

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GermanyCanoeing

Katrin Wagner-Augustin

Katrin Wagner-Augustin, born in 1977, is a German canoeist who has made an indelible mark on the sport. With four Olympic gold medals, 10 world championships, 13 European championships, and 49 German championships, she is considered one of the greatest canoeists of her time. Wagner-Augustin’s success has not only broken barriers but has also paved the way for future generations of female athletes.

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ArmeniaGermanyBoxer

Susi Kentikian

Susianna “Susi” Levonovna Kentikian (born Syuzanna Kentikyan on 11 September 1987) is an Armenian-German former professional boxer. She competed from 2005 to 2016 and is known for her remarkable achievements in the sport. Kentikian’s perseverance and dedication to her craft have inspired many individuals, both in and outside of the boxing world. She has been a trailblazer for women in boxing, breaking barriers and leaving a lasting impact on the sport.

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GermanyBoxer

Ina Menzer

Ina Menzer, born in 1980 in Atbassar, Kazakh SSR, USSR, had a remarkable career as a professional boxer. She held multiple titles and achieved numerous accolades, solidifying her legacy as one of the most influential female boxers of her time. Her relentless drive and dedication in the ring inspired countless individuals and propelled women’s boxing into the spotlight.

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GermanyLuger

Steffi Martin

Steffi Martin Walter was a German luger who achieved great success in her career. She won gold medals at the FIL World Luge Championships, the Olympic Games, and achieved various other accomplishments. In addition to her athletic career, Martin pursued a career as a physiotherapist and studied law. Despite battling cancer, she left behind a legacy as one of Germany’s greatest lugers.

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GermanyLuger

Margit Schumann

Margit Schumann was an East German luger who achieved great success in the sport during the 1970s and early 1980s. With her exceptional skills, she won multiple medals at the Winter Olympics, World Championships, and European Championships. Schumann’s legacy as a trailblazer and role model for future lugers will always be remembered.

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GermanyLuger

Tatjana Hüfner

Tatjana Hüfner, born on April 30, 1983, is a German retired luger who made a significant impact in the world of luge throughout her career. Her remarkable achievements and contributions have solidified her status as one of the sport’s most accomplished athletes.

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GermanyLuger

Sylke Otto

Sylke Otto, born on 7 July 1969 in Karl-Marx-Stadt (now Chemnitz), is a former German luger who made a name for herself with her outstanding achievements and contributions to the sport. Competing from 1991 to 2007, Otto displayed remarkable skill and determination, making her mark in three consecutive Winter Olympics. Throughout her career, she garnered numerous medals at both the FIL World Luge Championships and the FIL European Luge Championships, solidifying her status as one of the greatest lugers of all time.

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GermanyLuger

Natalie Geisenberger

Natalie Geisenberger, born on February 5, 1988, is a German luger who is widely regarded as one of the greatest lugers of all time. With an impressive list of achievements, she has become a nine-time World champion and six-time Olympic champion, leaving an indelible mark on the sport.

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GermanyLuger

Silke Kraushaar-Pielach

Silke Kraushaar-Pielach is a German luger who achieved remarkable success and left a lasting impact on the sport. She won the gold medal in the women’s singles event at the 1998 Olympics, narrowly beating her teammate by a mere 2 thousandths of a second. Throughout her career, Kraushaar-Pielach earned numerous medals at the FIL World Luge Championships and the FIL European Luge Championships, solidifying her status as a dominant force in the sport. Her dedication and passion have inspired generations of lugers.

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GermanyBobsledder

Anja Schneiderheinze

Anja Schneiderheinze, born in 1978 in Erfurt, Germany, is a German bobsledder and speed skater. She has had an impressive career, winning multiple championships and medals in both sports. Her success and skill have made her a notable figure in the world of winter sports, inspiring future generations of athletes.

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GermanyBobsledder

Mariama Jamanka

Mariama Jamanka, born on August 23, 1990, is a retired German bobsledder who made history by winning the Gold medal in the two-woman event with her teammate Lisa Buckwitz at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Known for her exceptional athleticism and determination, Jamanka’s journey to becoming an Olympic champion is a testament to her hard work and perseverance.

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GermanyBobsledder

Lisa-Marie Buckwitz

Lisa-Marie Buckwitz is a German bobsledder who has achieved great success in her sporting career. Born on December 2, 1994, she has made a name for herself in the world of bobsleigh with her remarkable performances and accomplishments. Buckwitz initially started her athletic journey as a heptathlete. However, in 2013, she made the decision to switch to bobsleigh. Joining the SC Potsdam club, she quickly established herself as a promising talent in the sport. Buckwitz’s determination and hard work paid off when she won two junior championships, showcasing her potential and laying the foundation for her future success.

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GermanyBobsledder

Sandra Kiriasis

Sandra Kiriasis (née Prokoff; born 4 January 1975 in Dresden) is a German former bobsledder who has made a significant impact on the sport throughout her career. Known for her exceptional skills and determination, Kiriasis has achieved numerous successes and has left a lasting legacy in women’s bobsleigh.

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GermanyArchaeologistJewish

Hermine Speier

Hermine “Erminia” Speier, born in 1898 in Frankfurt am Main, was a German archaeologist who made significant contributions to her field. She overcame societal barriers as a female professional in a male-dominated industry and became the first female employee of the Vatican Museums. Speier’s expertise in archaeological photo-archiving and her dedication to preserving historical artifacts have left a lasting impact on the discipline of archaeology. Her achievements continue to inspire future generations of female archaeologists.

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GermanyArchaeologistEducator

Johanna Mestorf

Johanna Mestorf was a pioneering figure in prehistoric archaeology, serving as the first female museum director in the Kingdom of Prussia and often referred to as the first female professor in Germany. Her extensive travels, translations, and writings on archaeology and ethnography solidified her reputation as a notable figure within the archaeological community. Her remarkable contributions to the field and commitment to advancing knowledge continue to inspire future generations of female scholars.

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GermanySwimmer

Caren Metschuck

Caren Metschuck (later Caren Mahn, born 27 September 1963) is a German former swimmer and a multiple Olympic gold medalist. She is widely regarded as one of the greatest female swimmers of her time and is remembered for her exceptional achievements in the sport.

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GermanySwimmer

Hilde Scrader

Hildegard “Hilde” Schrader was a German swimmer who made a significant impact in the sport during the late 1920s. Born on January 4, 1910, Schrader quickly rose to prominence as one of the most talented breaststrokers of her time. Her achievements at the 1928 Olympic Games and the 1927 European Championships solidified her status as a true pioneer in women’s swimming.

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GermanySwimmer

Franziska van Almsick

Franziska van Almsick, born in Berlin, Germany in 1978, is a German former swimmer who became one of the most successful swimmers of her time. From her Olympic debut at the age of 14 to her numerous record-breaking performances and Olympic medals, Franziska’s impact on the world of swimming is undeniable. Beyond her achievements in the pool, she also represented German unity and resilience during a time of division in the country. Her legacy as a global icon and inspiration to future athletes is unmatched.

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GermanySwimmer

Kornelia Ender

Kornelia Ender emerged as a prominent figure in the world of swimming during the 1970s, leaving an indelible mark on the sport. Breaking an astonishing 32 world records in individual events, she became one of the greatest swimmers of her generation. However, controversy arose surrounding her achievements due to the state-sponsored doping program in East Germany. Ender’s story illuminates the sacrifices and compromises forced upon athletes in pursuit of national glory.

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GermanySwimmer

Ursula Happe

Ursula Happe, a German swimmer and Olympic champion, faced challenges and hardships throughout her life but overcame them to become Germany’s first post-war athletic hero. Born in 1926 in Gdansk, she showed early promise in swimming and went on to win numerous national championships. She competed in the 1952 and 1956 Olympic Games, winning a gold medal in the 200m breaststroke in Melbourne. Happe’s dedication and determination continue to inspire many.

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GermanySwimmer

Petra Schneider

“Petra Schneider, born in 1963 in Karl-Marx-Stadt (now Chemnitz), was a prominent medley and freestyle swimmer from East Germany during the 1970s and 1980s. Despite her undeniable talent and extraordinary achievements, Schneider’s career is overshadowed by the state-run systematic doping program that plagued East Germany’s sports scene. In 1980, she won an Olympic gold medal in the 400 m individual medley at the Summer Olympics in Moscow, setting her mark in history. Schneider’s legacy remains complicated due to her later admitting to having been doped with performance-enhancing drugs [2]. In 2005, she even called for her last remaining record, the German national record in the 400 m individual medley, to be removed from the books, acknowledging that it was achieved with the aid of steroids [3].”

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GermanySwimmer

Hannelore Anke

Hannelore Anke (later Hofmann; born 8 December 1957) is a retired German swimmer who competed for East Germany in the 1970s. She had a remarkable career in swimming, leaving a lasting impact on the sport and women’s history. Anke was born in 1957 in Bad Schlema. Growing up, she was surrounded by a supportive family. Her mother held a senior position in a textile manufacturing plant, while her father worked as a decorative painter. Anke was the sixth of seven children and held a special place in East Germany’s history as the first god-child of Wilhelm Pieck, the president of East Germany at the time of her birth.

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GermanyHammer ThrowerTrack & Field

Betty Heidler

Betty Heidler, a retired German track and field athlete, had a remarkable career in the hammer throw. She achieved numerous accolades, including a world record in 2011. Heidler’s success not only brought her personal glory, but also served as an inspiration for aspiring athletes, especially women, in track and field events.

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GermanyBlindDisabled

Martina Monika Willing

Martina Monika Willing is a celebrated Paralympic athlete from Germany known for her exceptional talent and resilience. Born on October 3, 1959, she has overcome tremendous obstacles as she competes in field events despite being both blind and paraplegic. Her inspiring journey has made her a true icon in the world of adaptive sports.

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GermanyHigh JumperTrack & Field

Rosemarie Ackermann

Rosemarie “Rosi” Ackermann was a German high jumper who made history as the first female to clear 2 meters in the high jump. She won the gold medal at the 1976 Olympics and set numerous world records throughout her career. Ackermann’s impact on women’s history extended beyond athletics, inspiring future female athletes and shattering barriers in the sport.

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GermanyHigh JumperTrack & Field

Ulrike Meyfarth

Ulrike Nasse-Meyfarth is a German former high jumper who won the Olympic title twice. She became the youngest Olympic champion ever in women’s high jump in 1972 and then became the oldest ever in 1984.

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DenmarkGermanyTennis

Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling

Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling was a German tennis player recognized as one of the best in her country’s history. She achieved remarkable success on the international stage, winning multiple championships and dominating clay court matches. Her legacy continues to inspire players in women’s tennis today.

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GermanyLong JumperTrack & Field

Heike Drechsler

Heike Gabriela Drechsler, born Heike Daute on December 16, 1964, is a German former track and field athlete who represented East Germany and later Germany. Widely regarded as one of the most successful long jumpers in history, Drechsler achieved numerous records and accolades throughout her career.

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GermanyLong JumperTrack & Field

Malaika Mihambo

Malaika Mihambo is a German athlete and the current Olympic and world champion in long jump. She has achieved numerous milestones throughout her career, including winning multiple gold medals at the World Championships and European Championships. With her incredible talent and dedication, she has become a dominant force in the long jump event.

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AustraliaGermanyLong Jumper

Vanessa Low

Vanessa Low OAM is a German-born Australian Paralympic athlete who overcame a life-altering accident to achieve remarkable success in sprint and long jump events. Despite losing both legs, Vanessa’s indomitable spirit and resilience propelled her to the international stage where she represented Germany and later Australia. Her achievements include gold and silver medals at the 2016 Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro and a gold medal and world record at the 2020 Paralympic Games in Tokyo. Vanessa’s extraordinary journey has made her an iconic figure in women’s history and athletics.

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GermanyDiverDiving

Birgit Prinz

Birgit Prinz (born 25 October 1977) is a German former footballer, two-time FIFA Women’s World Cup champion, and three-time FIFA World Player of the Year. Her remarkable career spanned over two decades and she remains one of the most influential figures in women’s football.

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GermanySpeed SkaterSportscaster

Christa Luding-Rothenburger

Christa Luding-Rothenburger is a former speed skater and track cyclist. She is the first female athlete to win a medal in both the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. Luding-Rothenburger achieved remarkable success in speed skating, winning multiple World Sprint Championships and World Cup titles. She also excelled in track cycling, winning gold at the 1986 World Cycling Championships. Luding-Rothenburger’s greatest achievement came in 1988 when she became the only athlete to win Winter and Summer Olympic medals in the same year. Her versatility, dedication, and historic achievements have solidified her place as a true sporting legend.

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GermanySkier

Rosi Mittermaier

Rosi Mittermaier, born Rosa Katharina Mittermaier-Neureuther on August 5, 1950, in Munich, Germany, was a renowned alpine skier who left an indelible mark on the sport. Over the course of her career, Mittermaier achieved remarkable success, winning multiple Olympic medals and dominating the Alpine Ski World Cup. Beyond her athletic accomplishments, she remained a prominent figure in the media, engaging in various endeavors as an advertiser, sports ambassador, and non-fiction author. Mittermaier’s impact was recognized in 2006 when she became the first winter sports athlete to be inducted into the Hall of Fame of German Sport, an honor she co-founded.

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GermanySnowboarder

Amelie Kober

Amelie Kober, born in Bad Aibling in 1987, is a renowned German snowboarder who has left an indelible mark on the sport. Rising through the ranks, Kober achieved remarkable success, including winning a silver medal at the 2006 Winter Olympics and securing multiple podium finishes at various international events. Her determination and talent have made her a role model for aspiring snowboarders worldwide.

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GermanySnowboarder

Nicole Thost

Nicola Thost, born on May 3, 1977, in Pforzheim, Baden-Württemberg, is a retired German snowboarder who made a significant impact on the sport during her career. She is best known for winning the gold medal in the halfpipe at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. Thost’s journey in snowboarding began at the age of 14 when she first stepped on a snowboard.

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GermanySkier

Christl Cranz

Christl Cranz, a German alpine skier, achieved remarkable success in the 1930s, securing numerous world championship titles and winning the gold medal in the Alpine combined event at the 1936 Winter Olympics. Her dominance in the sport, with twelve world championship titles and an Olympic gold medal, firmly established her as one of the greatest pioneers of alpine skiing.

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GermanySkier

Maria Riesch

Maria Höfl-Riesch, born on November 24, 1984, in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, is a German former alpine skier who was considered one of the most successful athletes during her active career. As an all-rounder, she achieved remarkable success in various disciplines of alpine skiing. Her extraordinary accomplishments include three Olympic victories at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver and the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, as well as winning the overall ranking of the Alpine Ski World Cup in the 2010/11 season. In addition, she earned gold medals at the 2009 and 2013 World Championships. Maria Höfl-Riesch also boasted an impressive record in World Cup races, winning five times and claiming five Junior World Championship titles.

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GermanyGreeceMalta

Princess Alice of Battenberg

Princess Alice of Battenberg was a remarkable figure in European royal history. She overcame challenges throughout her life, including being born deaf. Her marriage connected her to the Greek and Danish royal families, but political upheaval forced her into exile multiple times. Despite personal struggles, she devoted herself to charity work and sheltered Jewish refugees during WWII. Her legacy as a selfless and dedicated individual lives on.

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GermanyMartial ArtistSumo Wrestler

Julia Dorny

Julia Dorny (born 20 February 1990) is a renowned German athlete, media scientist, journalist, and television presenter. She is most widely recognized for her exceptional achievements in multiple martial arts disciplines, including judo, mixed martial arts (MMA), and sumo wrestling. Dorny has emerged as a trailblazer and an inspiration to aspiring athletes around the world, becoming the only female athlete to have won championships in these three varied disciplines. Her incredible journey is defined by numerous accomplishments, as well as the challenges she has overcome to reach the pinnacle of success.

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GermanyDoctorGymnast

Karin Büttner-Janz

Karin Büttner-Janz, a German medical doctor, achieved great success in artistic gymnastics, winning world and Olympic gold medals for East Germany. After retiring from competitive sports, she pursued a career in medicine and made significant contributions to the field of orthopedics, including the development of the Charité Disc. Throughout her career, she has been recognized for her achievements and commitment to both sports and medicine.

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GermanyArchaeologistJewish

Elise Jenny Baumgartel

Elise Jenny Baumgartel was a German Egyptologist and prehistorian who pioneered the study of the archaeology of predynastic Egypt. She challenged prevailing views and contributed significantly to our understanding of ancient Egyptian culture. Despite facing adversity as a Jewish scholar during the Nazi regime, Baumgartel’s meticulous work and dedication have left a lasting legacy in the field of Egyptology and archaeology.

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