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BrazilDoctor

Marie Durocher

Marie Josefina Mathilde Durocher, the first female doctor in Latin America, overcame societal expectations and pursued her education to become a trailblazing Brazilian obstetrician, midwife, and physician. Known for her unconventional attire and groundbreaking achievements, she shattered glass ceilings and left an indelible mark on the history of medicine in Latin America.

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United StatesDoctor

Elizabeth Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell, a British and American physician, challenged societal norms and paved the way for women in medicine. Despite facing immense opposition, she became the first woman to attend medical school in the United States in 1847. Blackwell’s determination led her to co-found the New York Infirmary for Women and Children and establish the London School of Medicine for Women, making her a pioneer for future generations of women in medicine.

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United StatesActivistDoctor

Ann Preston

Ann Preston (1813-1872) was the first woman dean of a medical school, the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania, and a trailblazer in the field of medicine. Despite facing numerous challenges and prejudices, Preston dedicated her life to education and equality for women, leaving a lasting impact on the medical profession.

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LithuaniaDoctor

Salomea Halpir

Salomea Halpir (1718 – after 1763) was a trailblazing figure in medicine and oculistry, becoming the first female doctor from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Breaking societal norms, she assisted her husband in Constantinople, honing her medical skills in a fiercely competitive environment. Despite limited education, Salomea became a skilled physician specializing in cataract surgery, catering to female patients and bypassing strict Islamic traditions. She defied conventions and left a lasting impact on the field of medicine and society as a whole.

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GermanyDoctor

Dorothea Erxleben

Dorothea Christiane Erxleben, the first female doctor of medicinal science in Germany, was born in Quedlinburg, Germany in 1715. Despite facing criticism and obstacles, she successfully defended her thesis in 1754, becoming a pioneer for women in medicine. Erxleben’s advocacy for women’s education and equal opportunities has left a lasting impact on German society and continues to inspire women worldwide.

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ChileActivistDoctor

Eloísa Díaz

Eloísa Díaz Inzunza was a remarkable Chilean medical doctor who paved the way for women in the field of medicine. Born in Santiago, Chile in 1866, she became the first female medical student to attend the University of Chile. In 1886, she graduated and became the first woman in South America to earn her medical license. Throughout her career, Díaz dedicated herself to public health, disease prevention, and women’s rights, leaving behind a lasting legacy for future generations of female doctors. She passed away in 1950, but her memory and contributions continue to be celebrated.

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CanadaDoctor

Jennie Kidd Trout

Jennie Kidd Trout, a pioneering figure in women’s history and medicine, overcame personal struggles and societal expectations to become Canada’s first licensed female physician. Her groundbreaking achievements and dedication to advancing medical education for women continue to inspire generations of female physicians. Jennie’s legacy lives on through her significant contributions to the field of medicine and women’s history.

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IndiaDoctor

Anandi Gopal Joshi

Anandibai Gopalrao Joshi, born in 1865 in Kalyan, India, became the first Indian female doctor of western medicine. Despite facing numerous challenges, including the loss of her child and battling poor health, Anandibai’s determination led her to graduate with an MD degree in 1886 from the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania. Although her life was tragically short, her achievements inspired many and shattered gender barriers in Indian society.

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United KingdomDoctor

Frances Hoggan

Frances Elizabeth Hoggan was a pioneering Welsh doctor who became the first woman from the UK to receive a doctorate in medicine from any European university. Despite facing societal expectations and limitations placed on women, she pursued her dreams in medicine. Hoggan’s tireless efforts for social reform and groundbreaking achievements have left an indelible mark on history.

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United StatesActivistDoctor

Susan La Flesche Picotte

Susan La Flesche Picotte (1865-1915) was a Native American medical doctor and reformer who became the first Indigenous woman to earn a medical degree. She dedicated her life to improving public health and advocating for the rights of Native Americans. Picotte established the first hospital on the Omaha Reservation and played a pivotal role in advancing the rights and well-being of Native American communities.

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United KingdomDoctor

Sophia Jex-Blake

Sophia Jex-Blake was a pioneering figure in women’s education and the medical profession. She overcame societal obstacles and discrimination to become the first practicing female doctor in Scotland. Jex-Blake played a crucial role in founding two medical schools for women, providing opportunities for future generations of female doctors. Her dedication and determination continue to inspire women in their pursuit of equal opportunities in healthcare.

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United StatesDoctorEducator

Annie Lowrie Alexander

Annie Lowrie Alexander was an American physician and educator. She was the first licensed female physician in the Southern United States. Overcoming societal challenges, she pursued a career in medicine and made significant contributions to the field. Her dedication and hard work paved the way for future generations of female physicians.

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FranceBiologistDoctor

Madeleine Brès

Madeleine Alexandrine Brès, born on 26 November 1842 in Bouillarges, was a pioneering French female physician who made significant contributions to medicine and women’s rights. She is renowned as the first French woman to obtain a medical degree in 1875, marking a groundbreaking achievement in the field of healthcare. Brès dedicated her career to pediatric care, focusing particularly on the vital topic of breastfeeding.

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IndiaDoctorPolitician

Kadambini Ganguly

Kadambini Ganguly, a pioneering woman medical doctor in India, broke barriers in both medicine and politics. She was the first Indian woman to practice medicine in her home country and went on to establish a successful medical practice. Kadambini also played an active role in politics and became the first woman speaker in the Indian National Congress. Her legacy continues to inspire women to strive for their dreams and fight against societal constraints.

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Great BritainDoctor

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

Dr. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was a trailblazing English physician and suffragist. As the first woman to qualify as a physician and surgeon in Britain, she broke barriers and paved the way for women in medicine. Anderson’s impact extended beyond healthcare, as she co-founded the first all-female hospital and became the first female dean of a medical school. Her dedication to women’s rights and equality helped shape society and inspire future generations.

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United StatesDoctor

Isabel Cobb

Isabel “Belle” Cobb, the first woman physician in Indian Territory, left a lasting impact on the healthcare system and women’s history. Born in Tennessee in 1858, Cobb’s passion for medicine was sparked by her mother’s complicated childbirth. She pursued an exceptional education, becoming a respected physician in her community. Despite retiring in 1930 due to health issues, Cobb’s legacy as a trailblazer and compassionate caregiver lives on.

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SwedenDoctorSurgeon

Lovisa Åhrberg

Maria Lovisa Åhrberg, a pioneering Swedish surgeon, defied societal norms and paved the way for future women in medicine. She gained substantial knowledge in medicine through informal education and observation, eventually becoming a skilled and popular medical practitioner. Her successful career as a surgeon and dedication to healing undoubtedly inspired many women to pursue similar paths in the field of healthcare.

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ScotlandDoctorEducator

Elsie Inglis

Elsie Inglis, a Scottish medical doctor, surgeon, suffragist, and founder of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals, revolutionized healthcare for women. Her pioneering work during times of crisis paved the way for future generations of female doctors. Inglis’s impact on women’s history and society as a whole cannot be overstated.

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ScotlandDoctor

Grace Cadell

Grace Ross Cadell was a Scottish doctor and suffragist who fought for women’s rights and made significant contributions to medicine. Expelled from medical school for attending to a patient, she took legal action and won, highlighting the need for fair treatment and equal opportunities for women in medicine. She later established the Edinburgh College of Medicine for Women, providing a more inclusive environment for female medical students. Grace was also involved in the suffragette movement, providing medical care for fellow suffragettes and advocating for women’s right to vote.

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United StatesArcherDoctor

Virginia Apgar

Virginia Apgar, an American physician and medical researcher, invented the Apgar score in 1952 to assess the health of newborns immediately after birth. Her revolutionary invention greatly reduced infant mortality rates and revolutionized neonatal care. Despite facing challenges, Apgar pursued a career in medicine and became a leader in the fields of anesthesiology and teratology. Her dedication to her profession and patients earned her numerous honors and awards, recognizing her exceptional contributions to the field of medicine.

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United KingdomActivistDoctor

Marion Gilchrist

Marion Gilchrist (1864-1952) was a pioneering figure in Scottish medicine and a leading activist in the Women’s suffrage Movement. Facing numerous challenges, she became the first female graduate of the University of Glasgow and was one of the first two women to qualify in medicine from a Scottish university. Her determination and passion for equality made her a trailblazer in both medicine and the fight for women’s rights.

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EcuadorDoctor

Matilde Hidalgo

Matilde Hidalgo de Procel was a remarkable woman who made significant contributions as a physician, poet, and activist. She holds the distinction of being the first woman in Ecuador, and indeed all of Latin America, to exercise her right to vote. Her tireless efforts in the fight for women’s rights have cemented her status as one of the most influential women in Ecuadorian history.

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United StatesDoctor

Lilian Welsh

Lilian Welsh (1858-1938) was an American physician, educator, suffragist, and advocate for women’s health. Her dedication and passion for advancing women’s rights and promoting women’s health had a profound impact on society. Welsh’s tireless efforts in advocating for suffrage and her contributions to medical education continue to inspire future generations of women.

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IndiaDoctor

Muthulakshmi Reddy

Muthulakshmi Reddy was an Indian medical practitioner, social reformer, and Padma Bhushan award recipient. She defied societal norms to pursue higher education, becoming one of the first female doctors in India. Reddy dedicated her life to social reform and women’s rights, achieving numerous groundbreaking firsts and holding significant positions. Her unwavering determination to promote equality and correct social abuses makes her an inspirational figure in women’s history.

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Czech RepublicDoctorMuslim

Bohuslava Kecková

Bohuslava Kecková, the first woman to earn a medical degree in what is now the Czech Republic, paved the way for future generations of women in medicine. Despite facing numerous obstacles, she obtained her medical degree in 1880 and provided valuable medical care to the Prague community. Her dedication to medicine extended beyond Prague as she served Muslim women in Bosnia and Herzegovina and made a lasting impact on the local community.

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GermanySwedenDoctor

Johanna Hellman

Johanna Hellman (1889-1982) was a pioneering surgeon from Germany and Sweden. She became the first woman to be a member of the German Society for Surgery and made significant contributions to surgical advancements. Hellman’s career spanned several decades, and she played a crucial role in women’s healthcare during times of war and discrimination.

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HungaryDoctor

Vilma Hugonnai

Countess Vilma Hugonnai de Szentgyörgy was the first Hungarian woman medical doctor. Despite facing discrimination and obstacles in her career, Vilma’s unwavering determination paved the way for future generations of women in the field of medicine. Her legacy can still be felt today, and she was honored with an asteroid named in her memory.

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ItalyDoctorEducator

Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori (1870-1952) was an Italian physician, educator, and innovator who developed an educational method that revolutionized the way children learn. Her approach, known as the Montessori Method, emphasized independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological and physical development. Montessori’s work had a profound impact on education, influencing teaching methods around the world.

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Great BritainActivistDoctor

Edith Pechey

Mary Edith Pechey was a pioneering figure in medicine and a relentless campaigner for women’s rights. Born in 1845 to parents who instilled a thirst for knowledge in her, Pechey became one of the Edinburgh Seven, laying the foundation for future generations of female doctors. Despite facing challenges, she excelled academically and went on to spend over 20 years in India, providing medical care and fighting for women’s rights. Pechey’s legacy as a trailblazer and advocate continues to inspire women to this day.

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Dominican RepublicActivistDoctor

Andrea Evangelina Rodríguez Perozo

Andrea Evangelina Rodríguez Perozo (1879–1947) was a trailblazing figure in the Dominican Republic, known for being the country’s first female medical school graduate. Her life is a testament to resilience, determination, and the power of education to overcome adversity.

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United KingdomDoctor

Mary Scharlieb

Dame Mary Ann Dacomb Scharlieb, DBE, was a pioneering British female physician and gynaecologist in the late 19th/early 20th centuries. She overcame opposition to pursue her ambition of becoming a qualified doctor and dedicated her career to improving women’s healthcare. Her contributions to the field of medicine, particularly in gynaecology, were widely recognized, making her one of the most distinguished women in medicine of her time.

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BelgiumDoctor

Bertha De Vriese

Bertha De Vriese was a trailblazing Belgian physician who made significant contributions to the field of pediatrics. As the first woman to graduate from Ghent University as a physician, she paved the way for women’s education and medical practice in Belgium. Her dedication to providing quality healthcare to children and her advocacy for women’s rights make her a true pioneer and an inspiration for future generations.

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BelgiumDoctor

Isala Van Diest

Isala Van Diest, born on May 7, 1842, in Louvain, Belgium, became the first female medical doctor and university graduate in Belgium. Despite facing opposition from the Roman Catholic religious hierarchy, Van Diest pursued her dreams and graduated in 1879. She practiced medicine in England for two years, fought for the better treatment of prostitutes, co-founded the Belgian Women’s Rights League, and left behind a legacy of determination and progress.

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United StatesDoctorWriter

Alice Hamilton

Alice Hamilton (1869-1970) was an American physician and pioneer in industrial toxicology. Her dedication to improving workers’ lives and groundbreaking research on occupational illnesses made her a pivotal figure in public health and workers’ rights. Her contributions led to significant improvements in safety regulations and working conditions, laying the foundation for the modern field of industrial toxicology.

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RussiaDoctorWriter

Nadezhda Suslova

Nadezhda Prokofyevna Suslova, born on September 1, 1843, in Panino village, Nizhny Novgorod guberniya, was the first woman medical doctor in Russia. Despite facing many challenges, she pursued an education and made groundbreaking contributions to the field of medicine. Her determination and passion continue to inspire women to this day.

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United StatesDoctorSurgeon

Emeline Horton Cleveland

Emeline Horton Cleveland was an American physician who broke barriers and made significant contributions to medicine, particularly in the fields of abdominal and gynecological surgery. She was one of the first women in the United States to perform major surgeries in these areas, paving the way for future generations of women in medicine. Despite battling tuberculosis, she continued to care for her patients until her untimely death. Emeline’s legacy as a trailblazer and her lasting impact on the medical profession make her an inspiration to women everywhere.

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IndiaDoctorSurgeon

T. S. Kanaka

T. S. Kanaka, Asia’s first female neurosurgeon, revolutionized the medical world with her groundbreaking contributions and pioneering work in functional neurosurgery. From her early education to her illustrious career, Kanaka left an indelible mark on the field. She was not only a dedicated surgeon but also a compassionate advocate for healthcare access, earning her respect and admiration. Her legacy continues to inspire future generations of female neurosurgeons.

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United KingdomDoctorSurgeon

Maud Chadburn

Maud Mary Chadburn was a pioneering British surgeon, co-founder of the South London Hospital for Women and Children, and advocate for women’s healthcare. She made significant contributions to medicine and inspired future generations of female surgeons, breaking barriers and promoting gender equality in the field. Her legacy as a dedicated and groundbreaking professional remains an inspiration to this day.

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IndiaDoctor

Mary Poonen Lukose

Mary Poonen Lukose was an Indian gynecologist, obstetrician, and pioneer in the field of women’s health in India. She is best known for being the first female Surgeon General in India and for her contributions to tuberculosis treatment and radiology. Throughout her career, she made significant advancements in healthcare and served as a role model for women in medicine.

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Great BritainDoctorSurgeon

Eleanor Davies-Colley

Eleanor Davies-Colley was a pioneering British surgeon and co-founder of the South London Hospital for Women and Children. She overcame significant obstacles in the male-dominated field of surgery and became the first female fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. Eleanor’s dedication to improving healthcare for women and children has left a lasting impact on the medical field and has inspired generations of women to pursue careers in surgery.

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UgandaDoctorPolitician

Specioza Kazibwe

Specioza Kazibwe, the first female vice president in Africa, was born on July 1, 1954, in Iganga District, Uganda. She excelled academically, becoming a prominent surgeon and earning degrees from prestigious institutions such as Makerere University School of Medicine and Harvard School of Public Health. Kazibwe’s political career began in the late 1970s, eventually leading to her appointment as Uganda’s Vice President from 1994 to 2003. She also played a significant role in advocating for women’s rights, serving as the chairperson of the African Women Committee on Peace and Development.

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JapanArcherDoctor

Yoko Kato

Yoko Kato, born on November 9, 1952, is a Japanese neurosurgeon who has made significant contributions to the field of medicine. She currently holds the position of professor and chair of the Department of Neurosurgery at Fujita Health University. Kato’s illustrious career is marked by numerous achievements, including being the first woman in Japan to be promoted to a full professor of neurosurgery.

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BangladeshMyanmarPakistan

Anita Schug

Anita Schug, M.D., is a Rohingya neurosurgeon and human rights activist who has made significant contributions to the medical field and the advocacy for the Rohingya community. She was born in Rangoon, Myanmar, and her childhood was marked by the discrimination faced by her family due to their Rohingya Muslim identity.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Claudia L. Thomas

Claudia L. Thomas, the first African-American female orthopedic surgeon in the United States, was born and raised in Brooklyn and Queens, New York. Inspired by her childhood pediatrician, Claudia pursued a career in medicine and overcame discrimination and hardships to achieve groundbreaking success. She has also been an advocate for increasing minority representation in medical school and combatting racial bias in healthcare.

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HungaryIsraelUnited States

Gisella Perl

Gisella Perl, a Hungarian Jewish gynecologist, faced unimaginable challenges during the Holocaust, working as an inmate gynecologist in Auschwitz. Despite limited resources, she performed countless abortions to save pregnant women from further suffering. After the war, Perl settled in New York City, where she became a renowned specialist in infertility treatment. Her memoir, “I Was a Doctor in Auschwitz,” provided a personal account of the atrocities witnessed and the resilience of survivors. Perl’s unwavering commitment to helping others serves as an enduring inspiration.

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SudanActivistDoctor

Nahid Toubia

Nahid Toubia, a Sudanese surgeon and women’s health rights activist, dedicated her career to studying and combating female genital mutilation (FGM). As the first female surgeon in Sudan, she conducted important research on the cultural, social, and medical aspects of FGM, raising awareness about the practice and proposing solutions to eliminate it. Toubia’s activism extended further through her co-founding and directing of RAINBO, an international organization that works towards eliminating FGM through women’s empowerment and social change.

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United StatesDoctor

Jane Elizabeth Hodgson

Jane Elizabeth Hodgson was an American obstetrician and gynecologist who dedicated her life to providing reproductive health care to women. Her passion for women’s health and the fight for women’s rights would shape her illustrious career. Inspired by the healthcare disparities she witnessed during her travels, Hodgson recognized the urgent need for comprehensive reproductive health care, including safe abortion services. She opened her own clinic in St. Paul, Minnesota, and became a trailblazer in the field, advocating for women’s rights and challenging unconstitutional abortion regulations. Despite legal battles, Hodgson remained optimistic about the future of reproductive rights.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Myra Adele Logan

Myra Adele Logan (1908-1977) was an extraordinary pioneer in the medical field, breaking barriers as the first African American female physician. She performed the first successful open-heart surgery by an African American woman and made significant contributions to children’s heart surgery and the development of antibiotic Aureomycin. Despite the challenges of the pre-Civil Rights era, Logan’s legacy continues to inspire and she actively fought for equality and justice through her involvement in various organizations.

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TurkeyDoctor

Safiye Ali

Safiye Ali, the second female doctor in the Republic of Turkey, dedicated her life to the medical field. She treated soldiers during war, overcame obstacles to earn her medical degree, and opened her own practice. Her impact extended beyond medicine as she became the first female lecturer and conducted important research on women’s health in Turkey. Safiye Ali’s pioneering spirit and commitment to improving healthcare cemented her place in history.

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IndiaDoctorSurgeon

Florence Dissent

Florence Dissent, also known as Mrs. Dissent Barnes, was an Anglo-Indian medical practitioner and surgeon. She became one of the first female Indian doctors to practice medicine. Dissent’s impressive qualifications and groundbreaking medical career made her an exemplary role model for aspiring female doctors. Her dedication to her profession and advocacy for women’s access to healthcare left a lasting impact on the medical profession and the lives of countless individuals.

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HaitiDoctor

Yvonne Sylvain

Yvonne Sylvain was a groundbreaking Haitian physician and the first female medical doctor from the country. Born into a family that prioritized education and social justice, she became the first woman accepted into the University of Haiti Medical School. Sylvain specialized in obstetrics and gynecology, providing improved medical access for Haitian citizens, particularly women. She was a dedicated advocate for women’s rights and made significant contributions to the medical field in Haiti, inspiring future generations of Haitian women to pursue careers in medicine.

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MexicoDoctorSurgeon

Enriqueta Medellín

Enriqueta Medellín, a prominent Mexican surgeon and environmentalist, dedicated her life to preserving the environment. Her multidisciplinary background in medicine and environmental sciences allowed her to approach environmental issues from a holistic perspective. Through her work with organizations such as Conciencia Ecológica, she raised awareness about waste management, advocated for environmental protection policies, and received numerous awards for her contributions. Medellín’s legacy continues to inspire future generations through the establishment of the Queta Medellín Ecological Center and the Enriqueta Medellín Prize.

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United KingdomDoctorSurgeon

Louisa Martindale

Louisa Martindale, CBE FRCOG, was an English physician, surgeon, and writer. She made significant contributions to women’s healthcare, and played an active role in advocating for women’s rights and social reform. Martindale’s passion, determination, and unwavering commitment to improving healthcare and advocating for women’s rights make her a true pioneer and a significant figure in women’s history.

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RussiaDoctorSpeed Skater

Zoya Mironova

Zoya Sergeyevna Mironova, a Russian speed skater turned sports surgeon, played a significant role in sports medicine. Her dedicated work in surgical treatment for athletes helped numerous Olympic champions recover from their injuries and continue their successful careers. Her pioneering efforts in the field of sports traumatology left a lasting impact on the development of women’s history in medicine.

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United KingdomDoctor

Caroline Matthews

Caroline Twigge Matthews, MBChB (1877–1927) was a British doctor and war correspondent, widely recognized as a “war heroine.” She dedicated her life to providing medical aid and care during times of conflict and disaster, leaving a lasting impact on society. Matthews became known as the “Florence Nightingale of the Balkans” for her bravery and resilience in serving others during the Balkans War and World War One. Despite being taken as a prisoner of war, she continued to carry out her duties, earning numerous accolades for her invaluable contributions to medicine and saving lives. Her untimely death marked the end of a remarkable life dedicated to healthcare and humanitarian work.

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AustraliaDoctorNurse

Laura Forster

Laura Elizabeth Forster (1858–1917) was an Australian medical doctor, surgeon, and nurse who served in various countries during World War I. After obtaining her medical degree from the University of Bern in Switzerland, she settled in England and became a prominent physician in Oxford. Forster’s research on ovarian diseases in mentally ill women and her collaboration with renowned neurohistologist Dr. Santiago Ramón y Cajal in Spain contributed greatly to the field of medicine. Her dedication and contributions made her a respected figure in the medical community, leaving a lasting impact on the field.

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Costa RicaDoctorSurgeon

Anita Figueredo

Anita V. Figueredo was an American surgeon and philanthropist, known for being the first woman medical doctor from Costa Rica and the first woman surgeon in San Diego. She dedicated her life to breaking gender barriers in medicine and made significant contributions to the field of surgical oncology. Figueredo’s philanthropic efforts, including co-founding Friends of the Poor and supporting the San Diego Women’s Bank, showcased her commitment to serving underserved communities. Her inspiring legacy continues to impact generations.

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United StatesDoctorSurgeon

Rosalie Slaughter Morton

Rosalie Slaughter Morton was an American physician, surgeon, and author. She became the first woman appointed as Attending Surgeon at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in 1916 and the first chairperson of the American Women’s Hospitals Service the following year. Morton faced various challenges throughout her life but persisted in her pursuit of a medical career. Her work during the First World War, advocacy for public health education, and pioneering contributions in the field of medicine continue to inspire and shape the field today.

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United StatesDoctorMilitary

Margaret D. Craighill

Margaret Dorothea Craighill, born in 1898 in Southport, North Carolina, came from a military family and followed in their footsteps to pursue a remarkable career in medicine. She obtained degrees in physiology and medicine, worked in medical institutions, and made significant contributions during World War II as the first woman commissioned officer in the United States Army Medical Corps. Her dedication and expertise left a lasting impact on the medical field and paved the way for future generations of women in medicine.

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GermanyDoctorSurgeon

Elisabeth Winterhalter

Elisabeth Hermine Winterhalter was a groundbreaking gynecologist, surgeon, feminist, and patron of the arts in German history. Born in Munich in 1856, she defied societal norms to become one of the first female doctors and the first female surgeon in Germany. Her dedication to medicine, groundbreaking surgical work, and unwavering commitment to her craft make her a trailblazer in women’s history.

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FranceDoctor

Cécile Vogt-Mugnier

Cécile Vogt-Mugnier was a French neurologist known for her groundbreaking work in neuroscience and neuroanatomy. Alongside her husband, she made significant contributions to our understanding of the brain. Despite facing numerous obstacles as a woman in a male-dominated field, Vogt-Mugnier’s determination and passion for science paved the way for future generations of female neuroscientists.

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FranceDoctorSurgeon

Peretta Peronne

Peretta Peronne was a female surgeon who operated in Paris in the early fifteenth century. She was prosecuted by the Parisian medical faculty in 1411, which reflects the changing mindset towards female medical practitioners at that time. Her case highlights the increasing professionalization and strict regulations within the medical field, leading to the disappearance of female surgeons from history.

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AustriaUnited StatesDisabled

Sofie Herzog

Sofie Herzog, also known as Dalia, Delia, or Deligath, was a trailblazing Texas physician and the first woman to work as the head surgeon in the American rail industry. Born in Vienna, Austria, Sofie came from a family of doctors and made significant contributions to medicine in Texas, including developing her unique method to remove bullets from gunshot wounds. Her dedication and groundbreaking techniques have left an indelible mark on Texas history.

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CanadaDoctorSurgeon

Jennie Smillie Robertson

Jennie Smillie Robertson, known as Jennie Smillie, was the first Canadian female surgeon, known for performing the country’s first major gynecological surgery. Despite facing challenges and discrimination, she was determined to pursue her passion for medicine. She co-founded Women’s College Hospital in Toronto, which provided a space for female physicians to practice and perform surgeries, and played a key role in advancing medical education and improving women’s health.

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United StatesDoctorSurgeon

Emily Barringer

Emily Dunning Barringer was a trailblazing figure in the field of medicine and a prominent advocate for women’s rights. She was the world’s first female ambulance surgeon and the first woman to secure a surgical residency. Her determination and trailblazing spirit paved the way for generations of women in the medical profession, breaking down barriers and changing the landscape of medicine.

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CanadaDoctorSurgeon

Minerva Reid

Minerva Ellen Reid was a trailblazer and visionary in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Her remarkable accomplishments as a teacher, medical doctor, and politician paved the way for women’s advancement in society. Her dedication to medicine and advocacy for women’s rights left a lasting impact on her community and inspired future generations.

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United KingdomDoctor

Mabel L. Ramsay

Mabel Lieda Ramsay was a remarkable British medical doctor and suffragist, who left an indelible mark on society through her groundbreaking achievements and tireless dedication to improving women’s healthcare. Born on November 14, 1878, in Wandsworth, London, Mabel was the daughter of Scottish Naval officer Andrew John Ramsay and Annie Catherine Theile.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Dorothy Lavinia Brown

Dorothy Lavinia Brown, also known as “Dr. D.”, was an African-American surgeon, legislator, and teacher. She broke many barriers as the first female surgeon of African-American ancestry from the Southeastern United States.

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United StatesDoctorEducator

Mary J. Safford

Mary Jane Safford-Blake was a nurse, physician, educator, and humanitarian who made significant contributions to the field of medicine and women’s rights. Her dedication to serving others was evident during her time as a relief worker during the Civil War, where she gained the nickname “Cairo Angel.” Safford’s impact extended beyond her medical practice, as she also advocated for women’s rights and improved educational opportunities for women and girls. Her innovative vision for cooperative housekeeping aimed to alleviate the burden of housekeeping for women. Mary Jane Safford’s work challenged societal norms and left an indelible mark on history.

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IrelandUnited StatesArcher

Mary Jones

Mary Amanda Dixon Jones was a pioneering American physician and surgeon in obstetrics and gynecology. She performed the first total hysterectomy in the United States to treat a uterine muscle tumor. Despite facing media scrutiny and legal battles resulting from an investigative expose, she was acquitted of charges and later focused her career on researching tissue pathology in gynecological conditions. Mary’s remarkable achievements in the male-dominated medical field broke barriers and left a lasting impact on the field of medicine.

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United StatesDoctorSurgeon

Ruth Jackson

Ruth Jackson (1902-1994) overcame obstacles and societal barriers to become the first female board-certified orthopedic surgeon in the United States. Her determination and groundbreaking advancements in the field of orthopedic surgery paved the way for future generations of women in medicine.

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United StatesActivistDoctor

Mabel Seagrave

Mabel Alexandria Seagrave, an American medical doctor, made significant contributions during World War I. Despite facing gender barriers, she graduated from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and became a respected figure in the medical community. Her true impact on society became apparent when she joined the national effort to aid those affected by the war and provided critical medical care in France. Her dedication and selflessness earned her the admiration and gratitude of the French people, leading to the award of the silver Médaille d’honneur.

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Yolanda Ortiz

Yolanda Ortiz was a pioneering Argentine doctor of chemistry and the first Secretary of Natural Resources and Human Environment in Argentina. She dedicated her life to addressing environmental issues and advocating for sustainable development. Despite facing exile and challenges, Ortiz founded an ecological organization and continued her advocacy work until her passing in 2019. Her contributions have left a lasting impact on Argentina and Latin America.

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ItalyDoctor

Elena Cornaro Piscopia

Elena Cornaro Piscopia, the first woman to receive a Doctor of Philosophy degree, was born on June 5, 1646, in Venice, Italy. Despite being born into an illegitimate noble family, Elena’s prodigious intellectual abilities and dedication to learning led to her becoming a prominent scholar and musician. Her groundbreaking achievements opened doors for women to pursue education and intellectual success.

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United StatesAstronautDoctor

Laurel B. Clark

Laurel Blair Clark (née Salton; March 10, 1961 – February 1, 2003) was a NASA astronaut, medical doctor, United States Navy captain, and Space Shuttle mission specialist. She was a remarkable woman who made significant contributions to both the field of medicine and space exploration.

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United StatesActivistDoctor

Rebecca Allison

Rebecca Anne “Becky” Allison, an American cardiologist and transgender activist, had a lasting impact on society through her contributions to the medical field and advocacy efforts for the LGBTQ+ community. Her work as a physician, including her role as Chief of Cardiology at CIGNA, and her creation of drbecky.com provided valuable healthcare resources for transgender individuals. She also played significant roles in LGBTQ+ organizations, championing equality and inclusivity in the medical system.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Ionia Rollin Whipper

Ionia Rollin Whipper, an American obstetrician and public health outreach worker, dedicated her life to improving the health and well-being of marginalized communities, especially African-American women and their children. Overcoming significant barriers as one of the few African-American women physicians of her generation, she made lasting impacts on society and paved the way for future generations of African-American women in medicine.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Velma Scantlebury

Dr. Velma Scantlebury GCM, the first African-American woman transplant surgeon in the United States, made history with her groundbreaking achievements in the field of surgery. Her extensive clinical experience, dedication to education, and inspiring efforts in raising awareness about organ transplant have left an indelible mark on society. She has received numerous accolades, including the prestigious “Gift of Life Award” and the Order of Barbados Gold Crown of Merit.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Andrea Hayes-Jordan

Andrea A. Hayes-Jordan Dixon is an American surgeon known for her groundbreaking work in pediatric surgery. She has saved countless lives by performing high-risk procedures and developing innovative treatments for pediatric cancer. Despite facing numerous challenges in her career, Hayes-Jordan has become a trailblazer and role model in the field, inspiring future generations of surgeons and challenging societal norms.

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United StatesAstronautDoctor

Laurel Clark

Laurel Clark, a NASA astronaut and medical doctor, had an accomplished and driven life that was tragically cut short. She obtained her medical degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and pursued a military career, specializing in diving medicine and submarine medical officer training. Clark’s ultimate dream of journeying to space became a reality when she was selected for mission STS-107. Unfortunately, she lost her life in the catastrophic Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Clark’s dedication and sacrifice were posthumously honored with the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanAstronaut

Yvonne Cagle

Yvonne Darlene Cagle (born April 24, 1959) is an American physician, professor, retired U.S. Air Force Colonel, and NASA Astronaut. Cagle joined NASA as an astronaut in 1996. She is one of six African American female astronauts.

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BrazilArcherDoctor

Belkis Valdman

Belkis Valdman (5 May 1942 – 1 August 2011) was a Turkish-born naturalized Brazilian researcher, teacher, and academic chemical engineer who made significant contributions to the field of instrumentation and process control in chemical engineering.

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CanadaActivistDoctor

Emily Stowe

Emily Howard Stowe was a Canadian physician who broke barriers for women in medicine. As the first female physician to practice in Canada and the second licensed female physician in the country, she made significant contributions to healthcare and women’s rights. Despite facing rejection and discrimination, she pursued her passion and fought for gender equality. Stowe’s dedication paved the way for future generations of female physicians and activists.

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FinlandActivistDoctor

Rosina Heikel

Emma Rosina Heikel, the first female physician in Finland and the Nordic countries, fought for equal access to education for women. She overcame obstacles by studying physiotherapy and midwifery in Sweden before finally being granted permission to study medicine at the University of Helsinki. Heikel dedicated her career to women’s and children’s health, advocating for their well-being and rights. Her legacy as a pioneering physician and advocate for gender equality continues to inspire women today.

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CanadaLibyaDoctor

Alaa Murabit

Alaa Murabit M.D., a Libyan-Canadian physician, is a leading advocate for women’s rights and global policy. Her dedication to gender equality and women’s empowerment has made her an influential figure in both Libya and worldwide. From a young age, Murabit’s father emphasized the importance of education and gender equality, shaping her perspective on social justice. She founded the Voice of Libyan Women organization and has received numerous awards and accolades for her tireless commitment to humanitarian efforts and advocacy. Murabit continues to inspire future generations to challenge social norms and create a more inclusive and equitable world.

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SerbiaDoctor

Draga Ljočić

Draga Ljočić Milošević, born in 1855 and passed away in 1926, was a remarkable Serbian physician, socialist, and feminist. She is renowned as the first Serbian woman to be accepted at the University of Zürich in Switzerland, marking a significant milestone in women’s education in Serbia.

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RomaniaDoctor

Maria Cuțarida-Crătunescu

Maria Cuțarida-Crătunescu (1857-1919) became the first female doctor in Romania, despite facing numerous challenges. She pursued her medical education in Switzerland and France, completing her training in Paris. Cuțarida-Crătunescu’s dedication to women and children’s healthcare led to her founding a maternal society and presenting groundbreaking work on Romanian medical initiatives. She also emphasized the intellectual contributions of Romanian women and served as a physician during World War I. Cuțarida-Crătunescu’s accomplishments make her an influential figure in Romanian and women’s history globally.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Caroline Still Anderson

Caroline Still Anderson was a pioneering physician, educator, and activist. She was one of the first Black women to become a physician in the United States and dedicated her medical practice to serving the African-American community in Philadelphia. Despite facing discrimination and challenges, Anderson’s accomplishments and dedication continue to serve as an inspiration for women, particularly women of color, in the pursuit of their dreams and careers.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Sarah Loguen Fraser

Sarah Marinda Loguen Fraser, a trailblazing African-American physician and pediatrician, overcame numerous obstacles to make significant contributions to the field of medicine in the late 19th century. Born on January 29, 1850, in Syracuse, New York, Fraser’s determination to help others led her to become the first African-American woman to earn an M.D. from Syracuse University School of Medicine. Her legacy as a pioneer in medicine continues to inspire future generations.

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United StatesDoctorFigure Skater

Tenley Albright

Tenley Emma Albright is an American former figure skater and surgeon. She has achieved numerous accolades in both fields, including being the 1956 Olympic champion, the 1952 Olympic silver medalist, and the 1953 and 1955 World Champion. Albright’s remarkable success in figure skating was followed by an equally inspiring career in medicine, as she graduated from Harvard Medical School and became a renowned surgeon. With her exceptional achievements, she has left an indelible mark on both the world of sports and the field of medicine.

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VietnamDoctor

Đặng Thùy Trâm

Đặng Thùy Trâm, a Vietnamese doctor, dedicated her life to serving her country during the Vietnam War. She worked as a battlefield surgeon for the People’s Army of Vietnam and Vietcong, saving the lives of wounded soldiers. Trâm’s handwritten diaries, filled with her experiences and emotions, were published in Vietnam and became a bestseller. Her legacy reminds us of the sacrifices made during times of conflict and the lasting impact of war.

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Bosnia and HerzegovinaDoctorJewish

Roza Papo

Roza Papo was a Bosnian Jewish physician and general who made history as the first woman to rise to the rank of general on the Balkan Peninsula. She dedicated her life to serving her country, both during the Second World War as a member of the Yugoslav Partisans, and in her post-war career as a renowned infectologist. Her contributions to medicine and her bravery on the battlefield earned her numerous awards and recognition.

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United StatesAstronautDoctor

Ellen S. Baker

Ellen Louise Shulman Baker, M.D., M.P.H., was born on April 27, 1953, in Fayetteville, North Carolina. She was the daughter of Mel Shulman, a physician, and Claire Shulman, a politician. However, she was primarily raised in New York City. Baker’s upbringing in a family of accomplished professionals set the stage for her own remarkable career.

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United StatesDoctorMountaineer

Cora Smith Eaton

Cora Eliza Smith Eaton King was an American suffragist, physician, and mountaineer. She became the first woman in North Dakota to be licensed as a physician. Cora was deeply involved in the suffrage movement and played a significant role in advocating for women’s right to vote. She also made groundbreaking contributions to the medical field as a licensed physician and specialized in female circumcisions. Additionally, she was a founding member of The Mountaineers, an organization dedicated to outdoor activities and conservation.

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AustraliaDoctorMountaineer

Nikki Bart

Nikki Bart, a renowned Australian mountain climber and medical doctor, made history by becoming the first mother-daughter duo to conquer Mount Everest. She also successfully completed the Seven Summits challenge. Nikki’s achievements in mountaineering parallel her dedication to medicine, where she specializes in cardiology. Her passion for exploration and pursuit of new challenges continue as she aspires to complete the Explorers Grand Slam challenge. Nikki Bart’s remarkable accomplishments and unwavering pursuit of excellence make her an inspiring figure in society.

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Puerto RicoBiologistDoctor

Antonia Novello

Antonia Coello Novello, M.D., was born on August 23, 1944, in Fajardo, Puerto Rico. She grew up in a humble household, where her father worked as a sugar cane plantation worker and her mother was a homemaker. From a young age, Novello showed exceptional intelligence and a deep passion for helping others. Her parents encouraged her to pursue education, which they believed was the key to a better future.

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LithuaniaDoctorJewish

Elena Kutorgienė

Elena Kutorgienė, a Lithuanian physician, played a courageous role during World War II by rescuing Jewish children from the Kovno Ghetto, hiding them in her home, and placing them in the homes of gentiles to save them from genocide. She also documented the harsh conditions faced by Soviet prisoners of war. Despite facing death threats, Kutorgienė’s compassionate actions earned her recognition as Righteous Among the Nations.

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RussiaDoctor

Vera Gedroits

Princess Vera Ignatievna Gedroits was a pioneering Russian doctor of medicine and author. She faced numerous challenges throughout her life, but her passion for improving healthcare drove her to make significant contributions. In the Russo-Japanese War, she played a pivotal role in changing battlefield medicine, and her expertise made her a respected figure. Despite the obstacles she faced, Gedroits left behind a legacy of groundbreaking achievements in medicine and a lasting impact on women’s history.

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United StatesDoctorNurse

Margaret Chung

Margaret Jessie Chung, born in 1889 in Santa Barbara, California, overcame financial hardships to become a trailblazer in education and medicine. Despite facing discrimination and challenges, she graduated from the University of Southern California and went on to become one of the first Chinese-American women to earn a medical degree. Dr. Margaret Chung’s dedication to healthcare equality and women’s empowerment continues to inspire generations.

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United StatesDoctor

Sara Josephine Baker

Sara Josephine Baker was an American physician who dedicated her career to improving public health, with a particular focus on the immigrant communities of New York City. Her work in combating urban poverty and ignorance, especially among children, had a lasting impact on society. From her early studies in medicine to her tireless efforts to reduce infant mortality rates, Baker’s contributions continue to be recognized as a testament to her unwavering commitment to the well-being of society.

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SomaliaActivistDoctor

Hawa Abdi

Hawa Abdi Dhiblawe was a Somali human rights activist and physician. Despite facing numerous challenges, including the Islamist insurgency in southern Somalia, she remained dedicated to her mission of providing healthcare and support to those in need. Abdi’s commitment and resilience in the face of adversity earned her widespread recognition as a champion for human rights and women’s empowerment. She left behind a lasting legacy of compassion and service.

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PortugalDoctor

Carolina Beatriz Ângelo

Carolina Beatriz Ângelo was a Portuguese physician and advocate for women’s rights and suffrage. She made history as the first woman to vote in Portugal, challenging societal norms and paving the way for gender equality. Despite obstacles and discrimination, she became a respected physician and dedicated her life to fighting for women’s empowerment. Her courageous act of voting continues to inspire women worldwide.

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IrelandSingaporeUnited Kingdom

Sarah Winstedt

Sarah Winstedt was an Irish-born physician, surgeon, and suffragist who made significant contributions to colonial healthcare in British Malaya. She graduated from the University of Edinburgh and joined the Colonial Medical Service, playing a crucial role in healthcare in Malaya. She also served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War I and later became head of the pediatric ward at Singapore General Hospital. Her remarkable accomplishments were recognized through her induction into the Singapore Women’s Hall of Fame and the receipt of the King George V Silver Jubilee Medal.

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NetherlandsActivistDoctor

Aletta Jacobs

Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs, a Dutch physician and women’s suffrage activist, made history as the first woman to be admitted to the University of Groningen in 1871. She later became the first woman in the Netherlands to earn a doctorate in medicine in 1879. Jacobs’s groundbreaking work in reproductive health and her tireless efforts for women’s rights continue to inspire future generations.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Eliza Ann Grier

Eliza Anna Grier (1864–1902) was the first African American woman licensed to practice medicine in Georgia. Born into slavery, she overcame adversity and worked various jobs to support her education. After graduating in 1897, she opened a private practice in Atlanta, specializing in obstetrics and gynecology. Grier’s dedication to providing healthcare to her community in the face of discrimination paved the way for future African American women in medicine.

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United StatesDoctor

Anna Howard Shaw

Anna Howard Shaw (1847-1919) was a pioneering leader of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States. As an advocate for women’s right to vote, she played a vital role in the passage of the 19th Amendment. Shaw’s determination and resilience, coupled with her career as a physician and one of the first ordained female Methodist ministers, cement her status as a significant figure in American history.

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United KingdomChemistDoctor

Alice Vickery

Alice Vickery was an English physician and campaigner for women’s rights. She was the first British woman to qualify as a chemist and pharmacist, breaking gender barriers in the medical field. Vickery’s passion for medicine and social reform began to take shape as she grew up in South London. Throughout her life, she remained dedicated to challenging societal norms, advocating for social change, and empowering women. Her remarkable contributions continue to inspire and empower women to this day.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Mattie E. Coleman

Mattie E. Coleman (1870-1943) was one of Tennessee’s first African-American woman physicians. She was a religious feminist and suffragist who was instrumental in building alliances between black and white women. Coleman established a medical practice in Clarksville, Tennessee, where she provided medical assistance to those in need. Her leadership and dedication to her cause contributed to what is believed to be the initiation of a biracial alliance in Nashville.

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Hughenna L. Gauntlett

Hughenna Louise Gauntlett, a pioneering American physician, faced various challenges throughout her career, including racial and gender discrimination. Despite these obstacles, Gauntlett became the first Black woman to be certified by the American Board of Surgery in 1968. She left behind a significant legacy in the medical field, inspiring future generations of medical professionals, especially women and individuals from underrepresented communities.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Donna P. Davis

Donna P. Davis, the first African-American woman to serve as a medical doctor in the United States Navy, broke barriers and paved the way for future generations. She pursued her passion for medicine from a young age and excelled academically, earning multiple accolades. After achieving her doctorate in medicine, she joined the Navy and provided medical care to service members. Davis continues to practice medicine and inspire others with her trailblazing achievements.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Ethelene Crockett

Ethelene Jones Crockett (1914–1978) was a pioneering African-American physician and activist from Detroit. Overcoming discrimination and barriers, she became Michigan’s first African-American woman to be board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology. Crockett dedicated her life to providing healthcare and support to her community, while also advocating for public daycare centers, family planning, and the liberalization of Michigan’s abortion laws. Her contributions to medicine and activism continue to inspire future generations.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Rebecca Lee Crumpler

Rebecca Lee Crumpler, born Rebecca Davis, overcame racial and gender barriers to become the first African-American woman to earn a Doctor of Medicine degree in the United States. She published her seminal work, “A Book of Medical Discourses,” and dedicated her career to providing medical care to marginalized communities. Her pioneering achievements paved the way for future generations of African-American women in medicine.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Rebecca Cole

Rebecca J. Cole was an American physician and social reformer who became the second African-American woman to earn a medical degree in the United States. Despite facing racial and gender-based barriers, Cole made significant contributions in the field of medicine and advocacy for women’s rights. She paved the way for future African American women in medicine and fought for healthcare access for underprivileged communities.

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United StatesAfrican AmericanDoctor

Alexa Canady

Dr. Alexa Canady, born in 1950 in Lansing, Michigan, was the first black woman to become a neurosurgeon. Despite facing prejudice, she rose above it and achieved groundbreaking milestones throughout her career. She dedicated herself to pediatric neurosurgery, becoming the Chief of Neurosurgery at the Children’s Hospital in Michigan. Her exceptional contributions and accomplishments were recognized through various awards and honors, making her an inspiration to aspiring medical professionals.

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Trinidad and TobagoUnited StatesActivist

Muriel Petioni

Muriel Petioni (1914-2011) was a medical doctor and community activist in Harlem. Known as the “matron of Harlem health,” she dedicated her life to addressing the healthcare needs of underprivileged people in Harlem. Her tireless efforts to improve healthcare services and her impact on society remain an inspiration for future generations.

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Great BritainUnited StatesAfrican American

Natalia Tanner

Natalia Tanner (1922-2018) was a pioneering American physician who fought against health inequality. As the first female African-American fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics, she paved the way for women and people of color in medicine. Her dedication to her patients and tireless advocacy for equal access to healthcare made a lasting impact on the medical profession.

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United StatesActivistAfrican American

Edith Irby Jones

Edith Irby Jones was a trailblazing American physician who broke down racial barriers and made significant contributions to medicine and civil rights. Despite facing numerous challenges and discrimination, she became the first African American to be accepted as a non-segregated student at the University of Arkansas Medical School. Her achievements paved the way for future generations and she continued to advocate for healthcare equity and representation throughout her groundbreaking career.

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Great BritainDoctorField Hockey

Christine Grant

Dr. Christine Grant, a national pioneer and voice in the fight for gender equity in athletics, passed away Friday, Dec. 31 at the age of 85. Born in Scotland, she had a passion for field hockey, playing and coaching the sport in both her native country and Canada before coming to the University of Iowa to continue her education. Her time at Iowa would have a profound impact on her life and the landscape of women’s sports.

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FranceAstronautDoctor

Claudie Haigneré

Claudie Haigneré, renowned French doctor, politician, and former astronaut, made significant contributions to space exploration throughout her career. She became the first French woman in space in 1996 and later commanded a Soyuz capsule during reentry in 1999, becoming the first woman qualified to do so. Haigneré’s achievements as an astronaut, combined with her work in politics and science, have left an indelible mark on society.

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SpainDoctorSprinter

Susana Rodríguez

Susana Rodríguez Gacio, a Spanish doctor, paratriathlete, and sprinter, has defied the odds and become a five-time world champion in paratriathlon and a Paralympic gold medalist. Overcoming the challenges of albinism and a severe visual impairment, Rodríguez has left an indelible mark on the world of sports and medicine, becoming a symbol of triumph over adversity.

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AustriaDoctor

Gerda Winklbauer

Gerda Winklbauer, born in 1955 in Stockerau, was a highly successful judoka in the late 1970s and early 1980s. With multiple European championship titles and a historic victory at the inaugural Women’s World Championships in 1980, Gerda’s impact on the sport is undeniable. Her exceptional skill and technique, as well as her commitment to excellence, have left a lasting legacy in the world of judo.

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Ivory CoastDoctorMilitary

Akissi Kouamé

Brigadier-General Akissi Kouamé (1955-2022) was a highly respected and accomplished Ivorian army officer who played a pivotal role in breaking barriers for women in the military. Her dedication, resilience, and ambition continue to inspire many. Kouamé’s influence extended beyond her military career, as she actively worked towards empowering women and improving the lives of marginalized communities through her foundation. Her tireless efforts and commitment to gender equality have left an indelible mark on society.

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Puerto RicoUnited StatesActivist

Helen Rodríguez Trías

Helen Rodríguez Trías was a pediatrician, educator, and women’s rights activist who dedicated herself to improving public health services for women and children in minority and low-income populations around the world. She faced discrimination and racism during her upbringing, but her passion for science and people led her to a career in medicine. Rodríguez Trías was the first Latina president of the American Public Health Association and played a key role in advocating for healthcare access and social justice. Her work earned her the prestigious Presidential Citizens Medal.

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GermanyDoctorGymnast

Karin Büttner-Janz

Karin Büttner-Janz, a German medical doctor, achieved great success in artistic gymnastics, winning world and Olympic gold medals for East Germany. After retiring from competitive sports, she pursued a career in medicine and made significant contributions to the field of orthopedics, including the development of the Charité Disc. Throughout her career, she has been recognized for her achievements and commitment to both sports and medicine.

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CanadaDoctorIce Hockey

Hayley Wickenheiser

Hayley Wickenheiser is a Canadian former ice hockey player who was the first woman to play full-time professional men’s hockey in a position other than goalie. She represented Canada in numerous international competitions, earning seven World Championship gold medals and four gold medals and one silver in the Winter Olympics. Wickenheiser’s contributions to women’s ice hockey and her exceptional skills were recognized when she was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2019. She continues to make an impact off the ice as a resident physician and the assistant general manager for the Toronto Maple Leafs.

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